南美大坝缺水
日期:2021-10-26 15:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The large Itaipu dam, between Paraguay and Brazil, is facing an energy production crisis because of record low river and rainfall levels.

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由于水位和降雨量创历史新低,位于巴拉圭和巴西之间的大型水电站伊泰普大坝正面临着电力生产危机5e*sZ)kH]=TAp)!a

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Experts say those low levels could last into 2022.

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专家表示,低水位和低降水量可能会持续到2022年8W(1RLBc^7vpu=tI#W

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The Itaipu dam supplies about 10 percent of the energy used in Brazil and 86 percent of energy used in Paraguay.

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伊泰普大坝为巴西提供了约10%的电力,为巴拉圭提供了约86%的电力S;^K_E1it@te)

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The dam has recorded its lowest energy production levels since it began full operation in 2005.

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自2005年开始全面运行以来,伊泰普大坝的发电量达到了历史最低水平4[WOr)AykZ

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Hugo Zarate is head of operations at the Itaipu dam.

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雨果·萨拉特是伊泰普大坝的运营负责人f0s.^QR@BiV|j-q2nE

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He told Reuters "we have available power, what we don't have is water to sustain that power for a long time."

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他告诉路透社:“我们有可用的电力,但我们没有水来维持很长一段时间的电力供应tI!7c0=NIftrvCTuop3。”

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He added that the dam was "meeting the demand, but for short periods of time."

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他补充说,大坝“能够满足需求,但只能维持很短的时间”~k#XDX4F1Ix

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Zarate estimated that energy production at Itaipu would be between 65,000 and 67,000 gigawatt hours this year.

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萨拉特估计,伊泰普大坝今年的发电量将在6.5万至6.7万吉瓦时之间7fzjov&*Kge=T*

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"That's about 35 percent of the maximum value of 2016 and 15 percent less than in 2020," he said.

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他说:“这大约是2016年最大值的35%,比2020年减少了15%;ds6-N(R7MUMN。”

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The low levels affected both power production and the money the countries receive for the use of the water.

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低水位既影响了发电量,也影响了各国获得的用水收入.;oexHD@uqsK

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The drought, or severe lack of water, is one of the worst in the last 100 years.

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这场干旱,即严重缺水,是过去100年来最严重的干旱之一ojsPhG;mALb8SX!

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Brazil's government has asked its citizens to reduce their use of electricity and water.

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巴西政府要求其公民减少用电量和用水量r1jopyV*]Dhi

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The drought has also affected production at the Yacyreta dam, between Paraguay and Argentina.

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干旱还影响了位于巴拉圭和阿根廷之间的亚西雷塔大坝的发电量@Xb36~jLYG2pS0;w]iX

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Yacyreta produced half the normal level of energy in September.

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亚西雷塔大坝在9月份的发电量只有正常水平的一半C2h[W5@gl135Xe7#-qu

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Both dams depend on the flow of the Paraná River and have limited ability to store water.

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这两座大坝都依赖于巴拉那河的水流,蓄水能力有限&w,FG|]xeOpQPGHsK

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River flow is controlled by about 50 dams in Brazil.

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在巴西,河流流量由大约50座大坝控制J&pL]3~;^Ungt

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Those dams have seen water stores decrease since 2019 because of lower rainfall levels.

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自2019年以来,由于降雨量减少,这些大坝的蓄水量减少NsP0oGGDb&a

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Workers at Itaipu say the dam normally averages an inflow of about 11,000 cubic meters per second.

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伊泰普大坝的工作人员说,通常情况下,大坝的平均流量大约为每秒1.1万立方米sR0+|S~lkRo1O0V_p5

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Yacyreta workers say that dam normally averages about 14,500 cubic meters per second.

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亚西雷塔大坝的工作人员说,通常情况下,大坝的平均流量大约为每秒1.45万立方米+xS3WfJfrv

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So far this year, the average flow in Itaipu is 6,800 cubic meters per second.

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今年到目前为止,伊泰普大坝的平均流量为每秒6800立方米9Y;hS+[zfa7Db

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Zarate says that is similar to levels in the 1970s.

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萨拉特说,这与20世纪70年代的水平相似M&O_]R^pq(2Gxg*#G

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Average monthly inflows for Yacyreta are between 6,000-9,500 cubic meters per second, said Lucas Chamorro.

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卢卡斯·查莫罗说,亚西雷塔大坝的月平均流量在每秒6000-9500立方米之间IDcgw3QLdW5pyRb3J4Uv

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He is the dam's head of water studies.

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他是大坝水资源研究的负责人1jtGQKtA7o,KB

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Weather expert Isaac Hankes says below normal rainfall seems likely for southern Brazil for the rest of the year.

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气象专家艾萨克·汉克斯表示,今年剩下的时间里,巴西南部的降雨量可能会低于正常水平;E^IRIN||l9.

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"Plenty more rain is needed to ease drought concerns," he said.

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他说:“需要更多的降雨来缓解人们对干旱的担忧cTgFTz(g7zJGF(F6pU。”

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Zarate said the Itaipu dam "totally relies on the improvement of the water flows."

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萨拉特说,伊泰普大坝“完全依赖于水流的改善”%GLB5fy2AH

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He added that if water flow does not improve, the energy crisis will continue into 2022.

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他补充说,如果水流不改善,电力危机将持续到2022年lUTCft]4K,

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I'm Jonathan Evans.

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乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报aF,,15oV89hTKl(

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

重点解析


重点讲解:

1. meet the demand 满足需求

We can't meet the demand for the product.

我们不能满足对该产品的需求mpGnLg;4vr-z]+_2y]1y


2. average 平均为

Economic growth is expected to average 2% next year.

明年经济增长预计平均可达2%o04wqW;MK|)[DcBUaE7B

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