女性新冠疫苗接种人数落后于男性
日期:2021-10-19 20:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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People from the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East are starting to receive COVID-19 vaccines.

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来自亚洲、非洲和中东最贫穷国家的人们开始接种新冠疫苗-T5SLeu~*r3&&~4iLe6

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But the latest information shows that women are vaccinated at lower rates than men.

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但最新信息显示,女性的疫苗接种率低于男性2P4tBLGSj(Id

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Experts say women in Africa may be the least vaccinated population around the world, in large part because of misinformation and distrust.

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专家说,非洲女性可能是世界上接种疫苗最少的人群,这在很大程度上是因为虚假消息和不信任M&0!h[PI_BvTENl

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But problems getting the vaccine and inequality exist far beyond Africa.

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但是在非洲以外的地方还存在疫苗获取的问题和不平等现象THUoL4~cKywz;J;Jw

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Barriers to receiving the vaccine include cultural opinions, and a lack of technology.

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接种疫苗的障碍包括文化观念和缺乏技术qN;=c[xHK]

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Women, sometimes, are not prioritized.

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有时候,女性没有优先权&L%tl0-p[8[

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Information about the rate of vaccine distribution to women is lacking in many countries.

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许多国家缺乏有关向女性分发疫苗的比率的信息Dpm4m^ztc4r9g

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Officials agree, however, that women are clearly behind men in some places.

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然而,官员们一致认为,在某些地方,女性明显落后于男性FY#x)P,U,k%+

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Experts say the issue must be addressed for the world to defeat the pandemic.

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专家表示,这个问题必须得到解决,世界才能战胜这种流行病U1A.DZmG38|wk.Yt

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Clare Wenham is a professor of worldwide health at the London School of Economics.

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克莱尔·温汉姆是伦敦经济学院的全球健康学教授|(-~m#vlEuFo

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"If women do not get vaccinated at the same rates as men, they will become even more marginalized," she said.

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她说:“如果女性不以与男性相同的比例接种疫苗,她们将变得更加边缘化6.nF.!llontkT。”

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"This will just be one more instance where they are excluded from society."

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“这只是她们被社会排斥的又一个例子ky;Au^ub9eGtS[(;。”

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Sarah Hawkes tracks worldwide coronavirus information by sex at University College London.

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萨拉·霍克斯在伦敦大学学院按性别追踪全球冠状病毒信息-;Bz|iVhG,L

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She said whether women were able to get the vaccine earlier in the pandemic was often decided by how countries gave out their first shots.

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她说,女性是否能够在大流行期间更早地接种疫苗往往取决于各国如何分发第一剂疫苗Sf27cBB,^M7.0zS.oQ

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She said Pakistan and other countries gave their first vaccines to groups like the military and immigrant workers, who are more likely to be men.

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她说,巴基斯坦和其他国家向军队和移民工人等群体提供了第一批疫苗,这些人更有可能是男性iNPSK*u@ust

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Sasha Fahme is a women's health researcher at the American University in Beirut.

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萨莎·法赫米是贝鲁特美国大学的女性健康研究员2Id9UOKSzdZ

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She said that in Lebanon, like much of the Middle East, women were protected from COVID-19 at first because they were more likely to follow social distancing guidelines.

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她说,在黎巴嫩,和中东大部分地区一样,女性最初免受新冠病毒感染,是因为她们更有可能遵守社交疏远准则me9mDYAWs6v_+Z

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Over time, she explained, women faced higher exposure to the virus.

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她解释说,随着时间的推移,女性面临着更大的病毒暴露风险o94AaLNimh#=R|U7j

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Women are more likely to do household work and take care of sick relatives.

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女性更有可能做家务和照顾生病的亲戚fFs+=6l2Ad-g(ip]TzD

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Fahme also said women were less likely to have information about the virus because they have lower reading rates.

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法赫米还说,女性获取有关病毒的信息的可能性较小,因为她们的阅读率较低S~DBVaywhRlw

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Naima Sadaka is a 36-year-old mother of three from southern Lebanon.

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36岁的纳伊玛·萨达卡来自黎巴嫩南部,是三个孩子的母亲Oq0TMaa~6rO

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She did not consider getting the vaccine because she believed there were scientific disputes about it, which is untrue.

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她没有考虑接种疫苗,因为她认为疫苗存在科学争议,这是不真实的QG;6.jY~WgB*O

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"Since there are disagreements among the people of science over it, so, better without it," Sadaka said.

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萨达卡说:“由于科学界人士对疫苗存在分歧,所以最好不要接种疫苗6l0ByX@IxuSHaX(Y2Fk。”

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Many studies have proved all COVID-19 shots approved by the U.S. and Europe greatly reduce the risk of hospitalization and death.

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许多研究已经证明,美国和欧洲批准的所有新冠疫苗都大大降低了住院和死亡的风险Kkip1=FC#0q(vAq%d9sK

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In Bangladesh, the use of technology to increase vaccination rates may have hurt women.

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在孟加拉国,利用技术提高疫苗接种率可能会伤害女性29MY;q~CL~4&,s*

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Government information from September showed that 8 million men, but just 6 million women, had received their second dose of COVID-19 vaccine.

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9月份的政府信息显示,有800万男性接种了第二剂新冠疫苗,但只有600万女性接种了(pX,QLu7_ek1H^CI-6n]

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Ramesh Singh is the Bangladesh director for the organization CARE.

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拉梅什·辛格是国际救助贫困组织驻孟加拉国的负责人5u;%y%#!RXP;BO

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After working on COVID-19 measures in some of the country's clothing factories, Singh noted that most of the workers were women.

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辛格在该国一些服装厂开展新冠肺炎措施的工作后,注意到大多数工人都是女性4,U=d==V!yjVDHN[

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He said the factories have been open throughout the entire pandemic.

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他说,这些工厂在整个疫情期间都是开放的;(xwSgdp-#mvx[yv

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"That would seem to put women at higher risk because they're exposed, but they were not getting enough protection," Singh said.

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辛格说:“这似乎会让女性面临更高的风险,因为她们暴露在危险之中,但她们却没有得到足够的保护tIGoknXD.h2M8OK=。”

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Singh explained that Bangladesh began vaccination efforts by asking people to register on a mobile app.

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辛格解释说,孟加拉国开始接种疫苗的方式是要求人们在手机应用程序上注册|Nh0_b+eGq

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Women who did not have mobile phones could not sign up.

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And while registration has now grown beyond the app, some women from rural areas still face barriers.

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虽然注册人数现在已经超出了这款应用程序的范围,但一些来自农村地区的女性仍然面临着障碍zH12POMKPId*S7.LlG]q

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Officials say that vaccinating more women in poor countries may depend on an important group: female healthcare workers.

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官员们说,在贫穷国家为更多的女性接种疫苗可能取决于一个重要的群体:女性医护人员N|Z(0tsJTr,hs.

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Women make up 70 percent of the world healthcare workforce.

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女性占世界卫生工作者的70%|LxMaLA#Rzu+=mjw[gc

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Research, however, has found women to be more distrustful of vaccines than men.

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然而,研究发现,女性比男性更不信任疫苗pF8(fz*x!&kXyRqIj~

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Some female healthcare workers are also distrustful.

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一些女性医护人员也不信任[fW%b.5H)kTNK

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Chioma Nwakanma is a doctor who works in Lagos, Nigeria.

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奇奥马·恩瓦坎马是在尼日利亚拉各斯工作的一名医生Vzuam!]03PHT

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She is saddened that some nurses do not think the vaccine is important.

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令她难过的是,一些护士认为疫苗不重要7_Wy#]aN30SK._kNDzo_

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"And if female health workers are not confident in the vaccine, then why would the women take it?"

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“如果女性卫生工作者对疫苗没有信心,那么这些女性为什么要接种呢?”

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I'm Dan Novak.

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丹·诺瓦克为您播报zfMqoO|^o]_hNq2FBP

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

重点解析


重点讲解:

1. give out 分发;散发

The teacher gave out the exam papers.

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2. vaccinate 给……接种疫苗

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I was vaccinated against tetanus.

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我接种了破伤风疫苗6%d]06#qTarf

关注微信公众号【可可双语精读】,获取更多详细优质讲解内容|Xck&WAf)0.rVMiC

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