This year Memorial Day coincides with another historic date. One of America's worst outbreaks of racial violence occurred on May 31st, 1921. It's known as the Tulsa Race Massacre or the Tulsa Race Riot.
Historians believe it started with an accusation against a black man, a confrontation between black and white mobs, the fatal shooting of a white protestor and then widespread destruction of an African American neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma. There's a lot of mystery around it. No one knows who actually fired the first shot. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, estimates of the number killed range from 30 to 300, mostly African Americans. Here's CNN Contributor Chris James.
CHRIS JAMES, CNN CONTRIBUTOR: Hey Carl. I've come to Tulsa, Oklahoma. A city that's been reckoning with their own painful history of racial violence. Right here on the ground where I'm standing, once stood the neighborhood known as "Black Wall Street". One hundred years ago, this was a thriving and prosperous black community called the Greenwood District with movie theaters, stores, doctors, schools and even a pilot who owned his own plane. Keep in mind during this time, it was illegal for black people and white people to freely shop and live in the same places. They weren't even allowed to use the same water fountains. Tensions between residents reached a tipping point after an incident inside an elevator.
When an unconfirmed rumor began to spread that a 19-year-old black man tried to hurt a 17-year-old white girl. On May 31st, 1921, a group of black and white men confronted each other outside the Tulsa Courthouse. After the firing of gunshots, pure and utter mayhem ensued. A mob of angry white residents began to loot and burn black businesses throughout the Greenwood District. In the span of 24 hours, 35 square blocks were burned and over 1,200 houses were destroyed. It's unclear how many people were killed but some historians have the number as high as 300 with thousands left homeless.
This Monday will mark the 100-year anniversary of what's now known as the Tulsa Race Massacre. It's one of the worst incidents of racial violence in U.S. history and for decades it was one of the least talked about in news reports and public-school textbooks. But now the city of Tulsa has decided to face its dark past to ensure a brighter future for all. And on Monday's special edition of CNN 10, I'll introduce you to the teachers and students leading the way. Back to you Carl.
历史学家认为，这起事件始于对一名黑人的指控，黑人和白人暴徒之间的对抗，一名白人抗议者被枪杀，之后俄克拉荷马州塔尔萨市一个非裔美国人社区遭到严重破坏 。该事件存在很多谜团 。没有人知道究竟是谁开的第一枪 。据《大英百科全书》估计，这起事件导致的死亡人数在30至300人之间，其中大多数是非裔美国人 。以下是CNN撰稿人克里斯·詹姆斯带来的报道 。
CNN撰稿人克里斯·詹姆斯：你好，卡尔 。我来到了俄克拉何马州塔尔萨市 。这座城市一直在反思自己种族暴力的痛苦历史 。我现在所站的这个地方，曾经矗立着被称为“黑色华尔街”的街区 。一百年前，这里是一个繁荣兴盛的黑人社区，名为格林伍德区，拥有电影院、商店、医生、学校，甚至还有一名拥有私人飞机的飞行员 。记住，在这一时期，黑人与白人在同一个地方自由购物和生活是违法行为 。他们甚至不能使用同一个饮水机 。一起电梯事故发生后，居民之间的紧张关系到达了临界点 。
一个未经证实的谣言开始传播，称一名19岁黑人男子试图伤害一名17岁白人女孩 。1921年5月31日，多名黑人和白人在塔尔萨法院外对峙 。枪声响起后，纯粹且彻底的混乱接踵而至 。一群愤怒的白人居民开始在格林伍德区各处抢劫和焚烧黑人企业 。24小时内，35个方形街区被烧毁，1200多间房屋被破坏 。目前仍不清楚到底有多少人被杀，但一些历史学家认为死亡人数可能高达300人，另有数千人无家可归 。
周一将是现在被称为塔尔萨种族大屠杀的100周年纪念日 。这是美国历史上最严重的种族暴力事件之一，也是数十年来新闻报道和公立学校教科书中谈论最少的事件之一 。但现在，塔尔萨市决定面对其黑暗的过去，以确保所有人都能拥有更加光明的未来 。
1. coincide with 巧合；同时发生；
The exhibition coincides with the 50th anniversary of his death.
2. be known as 称为；叫做；
This design came to be known as the Oriental style.
3. according to 据（…所说）；按（…所报道）；
According to official statistics the disease killed over 500 people.
4. decide to do sth. 决定，拿定主意（做）；
Students may decide to seek tutorial guidance.