美国防部长寻求加强与越南的关系
日期:2021-08-01 09:52

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Defense Chief Seeks to Advance Ties with Vietnam
U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin looked to improve military relations with Vietnam during talks Thursday.
The closer security relations come more than 40 years after the Vietnam War ended in 1975. President Joe Biden's administration, however, has said there are limits to the relationship unless Hanoi makes progress on human rights.
Before a meeting with the Vietnamese defense minister in Hanoi, Austin said the United States is not asking Vietnam to choose between countries.
"One of our central goals is ensuring that our allies and partners have the freedom and the space to chart their own futures," Austin said.

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美国国防部长奥斯汀.jpeg
On Sunday, the U.S. shipped 3 million doses of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine to Vietnam. That raised the amount given to Vietnam by the U.S. through the global COVAX program to 5 million doses.
Greg Poling is with the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. He said there was a limit to how fast and far the Vietnamese would deepen ties with the Americans.
Experts say Vietnam's concerns about the U.S. remain from the Trump Administration. Former President Donald Trump withdrew from the Trans Pacific Partnership trade agreement in 2017.
There are also limits to how far the United States is willing to increase relations if Vietnam does not improve its human rights record.
Vietnam has seen economic reforms and social change in recent decades. The ruling Communist Party, however, keeps tight control over the media and accepts little political debate.
In a meeting with Austin on Thursday morning, Vietnamese President Nguyen Xuan Phuc said he was looking forward to an upcoming visit by U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris. A source told the Reuters news agency that Harris could be traveling to Vietnam and Singapore in August.
I'm Dan Novak.

重点解析

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重点讲解:
1. look to 打算;准备;计划;
We need to look to ways of improving our marketing.
我们得考虑改进营销方法#2[=e^yDVH5yqj
2. withdraw from 退出(活动或组织);
The African National Congress threatened to withdraw from the talks.
非洲国民大会威胁要退出会谈NGvVS02Mw+H
3. be willing to do sth. 乐意的;愿意的;
We are willing to make any concessions necessary to this end.
为达到此目的我们愿作出任何必要的让步EPV)zX~u]L#unqyWQS^k
4. look forward to sth./doing sth. 期待;盼望;
He was looking forward to working with the new Prime Minister.
他期待着与新首相共事h=(q;AX],QwO

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参考译文

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美国防部长寻求加强与越南的关系
美国国防部长劳埃德·奥斯汀在周四的会谈中寻求改善与越南的军事关系l462y|Nhr[I~M
越南战争于1975年结束,40多年后的今天,两国之间的安全关系变得更加密切yyzOQvC;t+U。然而,乔·拜登总统领导的政府表示,除非越南在人权方面取得进展,否则两国关系就存在限制]rQGT_JZ-,WH
奥斯汀在河内与越南国防部长会晤之前表示,美国并不是要求越南在国家之间做出选择5yX%2_jzs*6X
奥斯汀表示,“我们的核心目标之一是确保我们的盟友和伙伴拥有规划本国未来的自由和空间47kXrb5;SY[iE。”
周日,美国向越南运送了300万剂莫德纳新冠肺炎疫苗ggswk~a6!3ohvcn9Dq。这使美国通过全球新冠肺炎疫苗实施计划(简称COVAX)向越南提供的剂量增加到了500万剂X4F)9DH&tZq
格雷格·波林任职于华盛顿特区的战略与国际研究中心|HHs@nC*6Fc。他表示,越南与美国加深关系的速度和程度是有限的[pK,@[dF-Tv3c
专家表示,越南对美国的担忧仍然来自特朗普政府)GSgVOXi|FGztM-F)^%z。前总统唐纳德·特朗普于2017年退出了《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》Nq;0lQEo#xeq6u2U8k
如果越南不改善其人权记录,美国愿意在多大程度上增进关系也是有限度的N~7|s2Ch&nRQ[,O.k
越南近几十年来经历了经济改革和社会变革DI6[Wv|7xQeR。然而,执政党越南共产党对媒体保持着严格的控制,几乎不接受政治辩论@ytZ!uh.hFR*v
周四上午,越南国家主席阮春福与奥斯汀会晤时表示,他期待着美国副总统卡马拉·哈里斯即将进行的访问Cv)X)y@ZaeWhMswk。一位消息人士对路透社表示,哈里斯可能在8月份访问越南和新加坡eS.-AubzLR7z3W]y
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