新闻机构称记者和活动人士遭间谍软件监视
日期:2021-07-20 15:27

(单词翻译:单击)

;%5QBYZLrDBvz46sVZHxQ-

听力文本

Rg0,P*g1LglA.

News Agencies Say Reporters, Activists Targeted by Spyware
News reporters and media groups are upset over reports that governments may have hacked their mobile phones.
A kind of software known as "spyware" may have been used to control the cameras and microphones of as many as 50,000 people around the world.
Amnesty International and a French organization for reporters called Forbidden Stories found that over 1,000 of those phone numbers belong to journalists, political activists, government leaders and dissidents. Dissidents are people who left their home countries for expressing critical opinions of their governments.
The spyware comes from a computer security group based in Israel known as NSO Group. The software is called Pegasus.
NSO said it only sells its Pegasus software to lawful government agencies for use against terrorists and criminals. It says targets include drug dealers and leaders of criminal groups, or gangs.
Forbidden Stories sent its report about the hacked phones to 16 news organizations around the world. The organizations connected over 1,000 phone numbers with their owners.
The owners included journalists who work for The Associated Press, Reuters, The Washington Post, CNN, The Wall Street Journal, Le Monde and The Financial Times.
On Monday, the head of the European Commission called using spyware against reporters "completely unacceptable" if the reports are confirmed.
Ursula von der Leyen continued, saying: "Freedom of media...is one of the core values of the EU."
NSO denied the reporting of Forbidden Stories, calling the news "false allegations."

iVh8flHjr)-7xsXrPuH

NSO间谍软件.jpg
Amnesty International said its research showed the Pegasus software was on the phone belonging to the woman Jamal Khashoggi was planning to marry. Khashoggi was a Washington Post writer killed while inside the diplomatic offices of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul, Turkey in 2018.
The Washington Post said Pegasus was on 37 of its phones. The Guardian, a British newspaper, said it identified 15 of its phones that were hacked.
Of the 50,000 phone numbers, 15,000 are based in Mexico. Past investigations showed NSO spyware has been used in Mexico and the Middle East.
Another reporter whose phone was hacked was later killed. Cecilio Pineda Birto reported about crime in Mexico. He was killed in 2017 after a report about local politicians.
Lauren Easton is the director of media relations for the Associated Press (AP). She said the company is "deeply troubled" to know that two AP reporters, and many other journalists, may have been spied on.
Expert researchers in computer security discovered in 2016 that many people who worked for news organizations were spied on, with the activity linked to NSO.
NSO is not the only business that makes spyware. But it has gotten a lot of attention. Several legal cases targeting NSO's business have been brought in Israel and Cyprus. Because of the attention, NSO recently produced a report saying it rejected over $300 million in business because of its human rights "processes."
A well-known computer security expert, however, criticized NSO's report. Eva Galperin is the director of cybersecurity at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. She said: "If this report was printed, it would not be worth the paper it was printed on."
I'm Dan Friedell.

重点解析

tcLJdcZzNZm^AE+PZB

重点讲解:
1. belong to 属于;归…所有;
The house had belonged to her family for three or four generations.
这套房子归她们家有三四代人了@6~QV!RboY%E*g^#GY
2. come from 来自;始于;
They come from totally different cultures.
他们来自完全不同的文化3uD7,OcTx
3. spy on 秘密监视;
That day he spied on her while pretending to work on the shrubs.
那天,他假装在修剪灌木,秘密对她进行监视YdLA-jMj,xX^NJP0o&cS
4. because of 因为;由于;
His school work is suffering because of family problems.
由于家庭问题,他的学业日渐退步=~c3Y!fye0dsVNn-g

7q%dXc[6!kMGOZ8d+k+

关注微信公众号【可可双语精读】,获取详细讲解内容

*SQT9aNY[5O;u

参考译文

新闻机构称记者和活动人士遭间谍软件监视
新闻记者和传媒团体对政府可能入侵他们手机的报道感到不安_NkYh#tr9gD!)yH
一款间谍软件可能被用来控制全球多达5万人的摄像头和麦克风Am#QU,Z*rB
国际特赦组织和法国记者组织“禁忌故事”发现,其中1000多个电话号码属于记者、政治活动家、政府领导人和持不同政见者OvRbolv4Cfx#oNn。持不同政见者指因对本国政府发表批评意见而离开祖国的人DVMFc(p@Io
这个间谍软件来自以色列计算机安全公司NSO集团wP1*kvFwU!!Yk;b4。这款软件名为“天马”Zrri3+Yf!5,q
NSO表示,其只向合法政府机构出售“天马”软件,用于打击恐怖分子和罪犯HX,HLj+8PO(xs。该公司表示,目标包括毒贩和犯罪集团或帮派的头目uDcQiD,BG]f
“禁忌故事”组织向全球16家新闻机构发送了有关手机遭入侵的报道TkU1MiXLZo%SvAnk*。这些机构将1000多个手机号码与机主联系起来si9E)r,*@EY,gxi]
机主包括为美联社、路透社、《华盛顿邮报》、CNN、《华尔街日报、《世界报》和《金融时报》工作的记者^0bw(AhH&R%7EA
欧盟委员会主席周一表示,如果这些报道得到证实,对记者使用间谍软件是“完全不能接受的”XI-M[_zSwdQNL)
乌苏拉·冯德莱恩表演表示,“媒体自由是欧盟的核心价值之一1UNb8CMo1z|^FBl。”
NSO集团否认了“禁忌故事”组织的报道,称该新闻息是“虚假指控”e%)~U@gtfu.@=)n|J]9Q
国际特赦组织表示,其研究表明,“天马”软件被安装在贾马尔·哈苏吉未婚妻的手机上U=u0]gPsCKHmAo。哈苏吉是《华盛顿邮报》的作家,2018年在沙特驻土耳其伊斯坦布尔大使馆遇害iEqx(pg%eD~Yu(uYIp0S
《华盛顿邮报》表示,“天马”软件被装该报纸的37部手机上qnK@(85ow2H[。英国报纸《卫报》表示,经确认,他们有15部手机遭到黑客攻击-YRaI&OpK,d=X
在5万个电话号码中,有1.5万归属于墨西哥l*uDdS4=Gb1^H3syt。此前的调查显示,NSO的间谍软件已在墨西哥和中东使用c2yV(31z2duY[
另一名手机被黑的记者后来被杀杀MkaZ+dVzpVl*YOl8]。塞西利奥·皮内达·比尔托报道了墨西哥的犯罪0p0;raxto@9eyU。2017年,他在发表有关当地政治家的报道后被杀害IAsWb!3*4)LRbT
劳伦·伊斯顿是美联社(简称AP)的媒体关系主管J#(T!g#eJ8|Rmvs。她表示,得知两名美联社记者和许多其他记者可能被监视后,公司“深感不安”-@4R-%T@(JuFV54k*
计算机安全方面的专家研究人员在2016年发现,许多新闻机构工作者都受到监视,而这与NSO集团有关-P9X#R^~p8cR@8z&ZuR
NSO并不是唯一一家制造间谍软件的公司cF,G1UK5-y|)45。但其引起了很多关注*WyO2G!Sp(9bNC@3。目前已有多起针对NSO业务的法律案件在以色列和塞浦路斯提起n2boVWsQapFeu928。由于受到关注,NSO最近发表报告称,其因为人权“程序”而拒绝了超过3亿美元的业务Q95x!tm)F[sn+|L
然而,一位知名计算机安全专家批评了NSO的报告8)R%in-I#9+_a1A!0Ef[。伊娃·加尔佩林是电子前沿基金会的网络安全部主任C~ts9Rm5ihc9)|rc])|。她表示,“如果这份报告被打印出来,那它的价值还不如打印所用的纸@)b#p__%8@。”
丹·弗里德尔报道JJ3_RTfW]w)1m&ryX

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

vY1l)#K!Vv)Ea9K1esl!([H|5Bz~GJ)8K4z&%
分享到