研究称美国应接收气候难民
日期:2021-07-15 15:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Study: US Should Accept People Fleeing Climate Disasters
An international rights group says the United States should accept millions of refugees who will be forced to flee the effects of climate change.
Refugees International is a group that supports displaced people around the world. It released its report Wednesday.
The group says the United States "has a special responsibility to lead on issues of climate change, migration and displacement."
The Institute of Economics and Peace is a not-for-profit research group based in Australia. It estimates that as many as 1.2 billion people around the world could be displaced by 2050.
Refugees International created a task force in the spring to produce its report. It is made up of former U.S. government and United Nations officials. Leaders of non-governmental groups and climate experts are also involved.
Their report urges that: "From Haiti and Honduras to Bangladesh, Burkina Faso and thousands of communities in both the Global South and Global North, those at risk need policy solutions today."
Kayly Ober is with Refugees International. She said her group "believes that the Biden administration should acknowledge the reality of climate-related migration and offer new forms of protection and support" for the displaced.
The task force is also advising that the U.S. should recognize people displaced by climate change face "what would amount to persecution" under the 1951 United Nations treaty on refugees.

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Biden ordered a study of climate migration problem
In February, U.S. President Joe Biden asked National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan to examine how to identify and resettle people who will be displaced by climate change.
A top administration official told VOA that the administration is "actively working on a report on climate change and its impact on migration, including forced migration, internal displacement and planned relocation." The official said that a version of the report would be made public by the fall.
U.S. Senator Edward Markey of Massachusetts, a Democratic Party member, is supporting legislation on that issue. It would offer support for people fleeing climate change events who do not meet the definition of a refugee under international law.
Opposition to the group's proposals
Some lawmakers and immigration policy groups are likely to oppose any expansion of immigration.
Ira Mehlman is with the Federation for American Immigration Reform, a group that calls for changes to immigration policy. He said the proposal from Refugees International's task force would harm America's ability to deal with the causes of climate change.
Mehlman noted that the American immigration system is already struggling with more than 1.3 million asylum cases. He added that inviting millions of people to be considered refugees based on claims "of harm as a result of climate change would cause the system to collapse."
Roy Beck is with the group NumbersUSA, which calls for immigration restrictions. Beck called the task force's proposal for few immigration limits "problematic." He said that migration and refugee resettlement harm "the ability of lower-skilled Americans" and minorities to get and hold jobs.
Earlier this year, Biden announced the U.S. would increase climate-related aid for developing countries by 2024 compared to spending under former President Barack Obama. For the financial year of 2022, Biden has called for spending $2.5 billion on international climate programs.
Ober of Refugees International praised the administration for the effort to deal with the issues of climate change and migration. The group said Biden's proposed spending is notable but still less than what experts want.
The group's report said $2.5 trillion in spending is needed worldwide.
I'm Steve Herman.

重点解析

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重点讲解:
1. be made up of (由…)构成的;(由…)制成的;
Their band is made up of three cool teenagers.
他们的乐队由3个帅气的少年组成x4#ig_lk]GcBskJxV,G
2. at risk 处境危险;有风险的;在危险中;
Hundreds of thousands of people are at risk.
有几十万人正处于危险中IOhOYgNM8FAEJkX~
3. amount to 等同;接近;
Mere words, unaccompanied by any violence, cannot amount to an assault.
只有言语而未伴随暴力不能算攻击,14FcF*x6k9
4. be likely to do sth. 可能(做…)的;有(…)倾向的;
Unemployment is likely to go on rising this year.
今年的失业人数可能会继续上升!VMv_ga9%X

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参考译文

研究称美国应接收气候难民
一个国际人权组织表示,美国应该接收可能因气候变化的影响而被迫逃离家园的数百万民难民peV)yyPKwQO_
国际难民组织是支持世界各地流离失所者的组织aZgf1pj!2&d+3o3*2i。该组织周三发布了报告f-3OsSeZo#R
该组织表示,美国“在气候变化、移民和流离失所问题上负有特殊责任-xp0xOtfPft。”
经济与和平研究所是设在澳大利亚的非营利研究机构iRL7T%j(ZmC8-R*j。该研究所估计,到2050年,全世界可能有多达12亿人流离失所Frv_RFql)F]5(Bn
国际难民组织在春季成立了一个特别工作组来编写报告4tf(N4N)GV#eI4P。这个工作组由前美国政府和联合国官员组成v2|3Hmow@g。非政府组织的领导人和气候专家也参与其中QRYcV9rJVvcK_*
他们的报告表示:“从海地和洪都拉斯到孟加拉国、布基纳法索以及南方国家和北方国家的数千个社区,那些面临风险者如今需要政策解决方案7wyWA#Yx&lUbRC。”
凯莉·奥伯是国际难民组织的成员90.*mV=OkQ1xh。她表示,其组织“认为,拜登政府应该承认与气候有关的移民的现实,并为流离失所者提供新形式的保护和支持”lM.S1W0%AGRVh@tUaB#a
特别工作组还建议,美国应该承认,根据1951年通过的联合国难民条约,因气候变化而流离失所的人将面临“相当于迫害”的局面7^kV7]VD0OZVN
拜登下令研究气候迁移问题
今年2月,美国总统乔·拜登要求国家安全顾问杰克·沙利文研究如何鉴别和安置因气候变化而流离失所的人WqGG~4dCk|^=7n
美国政府一名高级官员对VOA表示,美国政府“正在积极编写一份关于气候变化及其对移民影响的报告,包括强迫移民、国内流离失所和计划中的搬迁gM^3&G9YiM*&sJAZl~。”该官员表示,这份报告的其中一个版本将在秋季公布!Hq=.L_%G,8lf
美国马萨诸塞州民主党参议员爱德华·马基正在支持有关这一问题的立法8hGNqk&+9SlR02_)n。该立法将为逃离气候变化事件的人提供支持,这些人不符合国际法对难民的定义wOQvfIgWGn;W;5-DS
该组织提议的反对意见
部分立法者和移民政策团体可能会反对扩大移民YEd&dzEmAwbY
艾拉·梅尔曼是美国移民改革联合会的成员,该组织呼吁更改移民政策IsX-Ilbk@z。他表示,国际难民特别工作组的提议将损害美国应对气候变化起因的能力Ewmz[=UPA(BN
梅尔曼指出,美国移民系统已经在艰难应对130多万个庇护案件|)Xs2BzK#dFsy。他补充表示,如果接收“因气候变化造成的损害”而被视为难民的人,“那将导致该系统崩溃”Mh6%WC8bs3^;CTz7;
罗伊·贝克是数字美国组织的成员,该组织呼吁限制移民|UY,beI=r4n~T[。贝克称,特别工作组提出的减少移民限制的建议“可能引发问题”ZUUh@&K^RHnr;uotq.9o。他表示,移民和难民安置会损害“低技能美国人”和少数族裔获得和保住工作的能力m*7O[uuKlsq
今年早些时候,拜登宣布,相比前总统巴拉克·奥巴马的气候相关支出,美国将在2024年前增加向发展中国家提供的气候相关援助3HY)8JGP*(Nhd|Id6&or。在2022财政年度,拜登呼吁在国际气候项目上投入25亿美元u=LZqb2SC;V.VK8l8
国际难民事务高级专员赞扬了美国政府在处理气候变化和移民问题上所做的努力9|qqan(nsVLUv|P|W。该组织表示,拜登的支出提议值得注意,但仍低于专家的期望9XPKUrKw_SR1v~|W881=
该组织的报告表示,全球需要2.5万亿美元的支出tR|44+T1PP9tkT
史蒂夫·赫尔曼报道LkAE_9Eo)B

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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