Longhorn, Olympic and Pony Express are all the names of what? National Historic Trails, Oil Pipelines, Railroad Companies or Cryptocurrency. These are all the names of oil pipelines like the Colonial Pipeline we've been reporting on.
Less than a week after it was hit by a cyberattack on its computer systems, the Colonial Pipeline is up and running again. The company's main supply lines were restarted on Wednesday night but fuel flows through these pipes slowly at five miles per hour. So it could still be days before southeastern gas stations have fuel to sell. As of Thursday morning, most gas stations in North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia were dry. The fuel tracking app GasBuddy also reported significant outages from Tennessee to Maryland. Besides the slow flow of fuel, there's a shortage of qualified truck drivers for gas deliveries so that's not helping things. The computer hack on Colonial Pipeline was carried out using ransom ware.
It typically steals or locks out the businesses important information until the ransom is paid to get it back. We had conflicting reports on whether Colonial paid the ransom. By Thursday morning, a source had told CNN that the company and U.S. government officials were able to get back the most important info that was stolen without paying the hackers. But Thursday afternoon, sources told the Bloomberg Media Company that Colonial paid the hackers nearly $5 million to get its files back. On Wednesday, President Joe Biden had signed an Executive Order that requires better cyber security on software sold to the government, but his administration says a lot more work is needed to prevent hacks like this one on Colonial Pipeline.
在其计算机系统遭到网络攻击不到一周后，科洛尼尔管道再次开通运动 。该公司的主要供应链在周三晚上重新启动，但燃料在管道内以每小时5英里的速度缓慢输送 。因此，美国东南部地区的加油站可能仍需数天才有燃油可供销售 。截至周四上午，北卡罗来纳州、南卡罗来纳州和弗吉尼亚州的大多数加油站的燃油都已耗光 。燃油追踪应用程序GasBuddy也报告了从田纳西州到马里兰州的严重断供 。除了燃油输送缓慢之外，目前运送汽油的合格瞳车司机也处于紧缺状态，因此事态并未得到改善 。科洛尼尔管道公司遭遇的黑客攻击通过勒索软件进行 。
它通常会窃取或锁定企业的重要信息，直到企业支付赎金才能取回 。但科洛尼尔公司是否支付了赎金，目前存在相互矛盾的报道 。周四上午，知情人士告诉CNN，该公司和美国政府官员能够在不付钱给黑客的情况下找回被窃取的最重要信息 。但周四下午，有消息人士告诉彭博媒体公司，科洛尼尔公司向黑客支付了近500万美元以取回其文件 。周三，美国总统乔·拜登签署了一项行政命令，要求对出售给政府的软件强化网络安全，但他的政府表示，要防止像科洛尼尔管道遭遇的这种黑客攻击，目前还有大量工作要做 。
1. less than （用在数字或数量前）少于，低于，比…少；
He ran the mile in less than four minutes.
2. carry out 实施；执行；实行；
Production has been suspended while safety checks are ca rried out.
3. lock out 锁定；
If they are still playing during the time, the game companies will lock them out.
4. get back 取回；找回；收回；
You have 14 days in which you can cancel the contract and get your money back.