The worst violence in years between Israelis and Palestinians leads off today's show. The roots of their ongoing conflict date back more than 100 years.
The two sides have fought over land, borders and the status of Jerusalem which both sides revere as a holy city. The latest flare up seems to have started with daily fighting between Palestinians and Israeli police in mid- April.
That's when the Muslim holy month of Ramadan began. Palestinians were concerned that Israeli settlers would evict some Palestinian families from their homes in east Jerusalem. There was an Israeli police raid on an Islamic holy site earlier this week after Palestinians reportedly barricaded themselves inside it with stones and homemade weapons.
Since then, the situation has gotten more violent. Militants in the Palestinian controlled territory of Gaza have fired more than 1,000 rockets into Israel this week. Many of them were intercepted by an Israeli missile defense system but dozens have landed in Israel whose military says at least seven Israelis have been killed and hundreds of others injured.
Israel has launched air strikes into Gaza whose Palestinian Health Ministry says at least 56 people have been killed and hundreds more injured there.
Israel says it's eliminated a number of militant commanders and that there's no end date for its operation into Gaza. A leader of the Palestinian territory says if Israel wants to escalate the situation, Palestinians are ready for it.
But both sides say they'll stop when the other one does. Aside from these operations, some Israeli towns have also seen fighting between their Arab and Jewish populations. Leaders from around the world are calling on all sides to stop the violence.
双方一直在争夺土地、边界和耶路撒冷的地位，双方都将耶路撒冷奉为圣城 。最近爆发的冲突似乎始于4月中旬巴勒斯坦人和以色列警察之间的日常打斗 。
那是穆斯林斋月开始的时间 。巴勒斯坦人担心以色列定居者会将一些巴勒斯坦家庭赶出他们在东耶路撒冷的家园 。以色列警方本周早些时候突袭了一个伊斯兰圣地，此前有报道称，巴勒斯坦人用石头和自制武器在该圣地筑起路障 。
那之后，局势变得更加暴力 。本周，巴勒斯坦控制的加沙地区的激进分子向以色列发射了1000多枚火箭弹 。其中多数火箭弹被以色列导弹防御系统拦截，但有数十枚落在以色列境内，以色列军方称，这导致至少7名以色列人死亡，另有数百人受伤 。
以色列表示，其已消灭多名武装分子指挥官，而且会持续对加沙采取行动 。巴勒斯坦领土的一名领导人表示，如果以色列想使局势升级，巴勒斯坦人已做好准备 。
但双方都表示，对方停止时，他们也会停止 。除了这些行动之外，部分以色列城镇还发生了阿拉伯人和犹太人之间的冲突 。世界各国领导人呼吁各方停止暴力 。
1. date back 追溯（到）；开始（于）；始造（或建）（于）；
Simple techniques for concentrating sunlight to generate heat date back thousands of years.
2. evict from （通常因为违法或毁约而）驱逐，赶出；
They had employed heavies to e vict shop squatters fr om neighbouring sites.
3. be ready for 准备好的；胜任的；
More food supplies are ready for immediate dispatch.
4. aside from 除…外（尚有）；此外；
Aside from musical studies, he also studied conducting.