巴西军队能控制亚马逊森林砍伐吗?
日期:2021-07-01 15:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Will Brazil's Troops Contain Amazon Deforestation?
Brazil's president is sending troops back to the Amazon to enforce laws against cutting down trees and other land clearance activity. The redeployment comes just two months after troops withdrew from the area.
President Jair Bolsonaro ordered soldiers to go to the states of Pará, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, and Rondonia through the end of August. The order was announced on official Brazilian media Monday. It did not report about the number of troops to be deployed or the cost of the operation.
Vice President Hamilton Mourao told reporters earlier this month that the deployment could be extended beyond two months with the arrival of the dry season. That is the time when people burn the forest to clear land for farming and raising animals.
Amazon deforestation has slowly increased for several years. It rose very fast after the 2018 election of Bolsonaro, who had repeatedly called for the development of the rainforest.
This will mark the third time that Bolsonaro has sent troops to the Amazon. Thousands of soldiers took part each time. But, environmental experts say the military was poorly prepared for such work and had limited effect.

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亚马逊雨林砍伐.jpg
The MapBiomas Project is a group of nonprofits, universities, and technology companies that studies Brazilian land use. The group said 98.9 percent of deforestation activities last year were illegal. But, MapBiomas noted that the government ordered fines in just five percent of the deforestation cases.
Márcio Astrini is with the Climate Observatory, a network of environmental nonprofit groups. He called the latest military deployment a "smokescreen," suggesting that the government deploys troops to create the appearance that it is fighting deforestation.
He noted that a successful program financed by the Norwegian and German governments to fight Amazon deforestation was suspended in 2019. It has not been restarted.
"The government has adopted a series of measures that simply destroys the state's monitoring capacity, like stopping environmental fines,″ Astrini said. He added that Brazilian officials have also ceased destroying machinery used for illegal tree removal.
The Amazon destruction has led to protests around the world. American President Joe Biden's administration recently urged Bolsonaro to take strong action against illegal land clearing as part of efforts to fight climate change.
The Associated Press spoke to several Brazilian government officials on the condition that they not be identified. They told the AP that talks had stopped between the U.S. and Brazil's environment ministry. One of the officials said that the redeployment was ordered in part to show the U.S. that Brazil has good intentions on the issue.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

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重点讲解:
1. cut down 砍倒(树木);
A vandal with a chainsaw cut down a tree.
一个故意破坏公物的人用链锯伐倒了一棵树;ix1+qKtbrZ
2. withdraw from 撤回;(使)撤离;
Staff withdrew from the main part of the prison but secured the perimeter.
工作人员从监狱的主要区域撤出,但外围仍派人守卫*rufEr3@-o8
3. be prepared for 准备好;有所准备;
Police officers must be prepared for the unexpected.
警察必须随时准备应付意外事件scprv|ytf&u9c-Cnlix
4. in part 在某种程度上;部分地;
The levels of blood glucose depend in part on what you eat and when you eat.
血糖水平在某种程度上取决于饮食内容和时间J@o40r^5Q+=

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参考译文

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巴西军队能控制亚马逊森林砍伐吗?
巴西总统将再次向亚马逊地区部署军队,以执行禁止砍伐树木和其他土地清理活动的法律6kpBhY%wKfFX0;2vgyEZ。这是部队撤出该地区两个月之后进行的重新部署##qbOu!IpZNJ
雅伊尔·博索纳罗总统命令士兵进驻帕拉州、亚马逊州、马托格罗索州和朗多尼亚州,并待到8月底5~#)du5S8e。巴西官方媒体周一宣布了这一命令9J&H4MY*v5,1yZIYF。但未报道计划部署的士兵数量以及行动费用oKg5u7iYa]&
巴西副总统汉密尔顿·莫朗本月早些时候对记者表示,随着旱季的到来,部署时间可能会延长两个月以上H=(uC]|hYrmWr。这正是人们焚烧森林以开垦耕地和饲养动物的时间C)z;2XHh@]n1Qy]CX
亚马逊森林砍伐行为数年来一直在缓慢增加yL#]C~9h8v-z7w。砍伐森林现象在2018年博索纳罗当选后迅速增加,因为博索纳罗曾多次呼吁开发雨林Ftqj]I2#^3zk-
这将是博索纳罗第三次向亚马逊地区部署军队;tqIdi2+qi1Vdz@JYn+6。每次部署都有数千名士兵参加^NIOzK5TE;Q(oe2。但是,环保专家表示,军方对这项工作准备不足,效果有限g-*y=JLvrbaP6fc
MapBiomas项目是由研究巴西土地利用的非营利组织、大学和科技公司组成的组织@UFhlK[~HHO&WQs_Lfr。该组织表示,去年98.9%的森林砍伐活动是非法行为Y__753Vai*21HHi。但MapBiomas组织指出,政府只下令对5%的森林砍伐行为进行罚款90JQQdCt%%lv1M_ZF%
马西奥·阿斯特里尼是气候观测站的成员,该观测站是由环保非盈利组织组成的网络K*GU6tW7]joUryj;6xz。他称最新的军事部署是“烟幕弹”,暗示政府部署部队是为了制造对抗森林砍伐的假象hkTNllF1~q&rdt
他指出,由挪威和德国政府资助的打击亚马逊森林砍伐的成功项目已于2019年暂停,尚未重启jXXpO|Opo4
阿斯特里尼表示,“政府采取了一系列措施,这些措施只会破坏该州的监督能力,比如停止环保罚款m9|WGe|f!iBnjiN6。”他还表示,巴西官员也已停止销毁用于非法砍伐树木的机械!yL1boq~l=6K,O&7
亚马逊遭受破坏一事引发了世界各地的抗议活动INZF@HXk%|Dy33fB。近日,美国总统乔·拜登的政府敦促博索纳罗采取强有力的行动,反对非法土地清理,以此作为应对气候变化努力的一部分gN_HteCzYB5KHP0a
几名巴西政府官员在匿名条件下接受了美联社的采访O+_seXoRbrUr@o。他们对美联社表示,美国和巴西环境部门之间的谈判已经停止vh6ZvIfa.kVH[%S。其中一名官员表示,下令重新部署军队的部分原因是向美国表明,巴西在这个问题上有良好的意图yMe!~]6y4x0u
凯蒂·韦弗报道x_LP,r2GHbF!

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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