First subject of the week, the State of the Union Address or is it the annual message or is it a speech to a Joint Session of Congress. Some of the above?
This week, US President Joe Biden is scheduled to speak before the US Senate and the House of Representatives, hence at a Joint Session of Congress.
Article II, section 3 of the US Constitution states that the president shall do this, quote, "from time to time." It doesn't say it has to be done on TV. It doesn't say it has to be done in person. It doesn't say when the information has to be given.
Tradition plays a dominant role in the president's annual message--everything we're used to seeing, even when we're used to seeing it. The previous six presidents gave their first speeches to the entire Congress in February.
But that's been a recent tradition, not a constitutional requirement. In fact, it's tradition that a president's first speech to the entire Congress isn't called a State of the Union Address. The idea behind that is that the newly inaugurated leader hasn't been in office long enough to be an authority on the State of the Union.
"CNN 10" contributor, Rachel Janfanza, explores what exactly is happening Wednesday night.
RACHEL JANFANZA: President Biden will soon deliver his first address to a Joint Session of Congress. But Carl, it technically won't be his first State of the Union Address, which is what the president's Annual Message to a Joint Session of Congress, the Justices of the Supreme Court, the President's Cabinet, and other special guests is usually called.
Traditionally, a president is in office for a year before they get their first State of the Union Address. But presidents are usually invited to speak before a Joint Session of Congress during their first few months in office.
This speech, before both the House of Representatives and the Senate Chambers, can be referred to as an annual message or a message on a particular topic, such as an economic message.
The tradition is rooted in the Constitution. The Constitution states that the president shall, from time to time, give the Congress information of the State of the Union and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.
While the concept of the yearly check-in is the same, the linguistics are different, and the guest list may be smaller, especially this year, given the COVID-19 pandemic.
The history of a presidential address to Congress dates back to President George Washington, who was the first to deliver a regular address before a joint session in New York in 1790. The message used to be known as the President's Annual Message to Congress until 1934 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt referred to it as the Annual Message to Congress on the State of the Union. From 1942 to 1946, it began to be informally called the State of the Union Message or Address. And since 1947, it has officially been known as the State of the Union Address.
During the State of the Union, the president reflects on the past year how the country is doing and uses the opportunity to highlight their administration's legislative agenda, which needs congressional support.
In modern history, presidents have used their first address to a joint session to outline their goals and lay out hopes for their administration.
So, Carl, while a Presidential Address to a Joint Session of Congress during their first year in office may not have all the formal fanfare of a State of the Union, it can be used to highlight the president's agenda and set a forward-thinking tone.
美国宪法第二条第三款规定，总统应“不时”这样做，但并没有规定必须发表电话讲话 。宪法没要求总统亲自完成 。也没有要求总统何时必须提供信息 。
传统在总统的年度讲话中起着主导作用——即我们习惯看到的一切，即使我们已习惯于看到这一切 。前六任总统在2月份首次向整个国会发表演讲 。
但这是最近的传统，并不是宪法的规定 。事实上，按照传统，总统面向整个国会发表的首次演讲不会被称为国情咨文 。因为新上任的领导人任职时间还不足以成为国情咨文方面的权威 。
雷切尔·詹凡扎：拜登总统很快就将在国会联席会议上发表他的首次讲话 。但卡尔，严格来说这并不是他第一次发表国情咨文，国情咨文是总统每年向国会联席会议、最高法院大法官、总统内阁和其他特别来宾发表的年度讲话 。
传统上，总统上任一年后才能发表第一次国情咨文 。但是，总统通常会在任期的头几个月应邀在国会联席会议上发表讲话 。
这一传统植根于宪法 。宪法规定，总统应不时向国会提供国情咨文，并建议国会考虑他认为必要和适宜的措施 。
总统向国会发表演讲的历史可以追溯到乔治·华盛顿总统，1970年，他成为首个在纽约联席会议上发表定期演讲的人 。这些演讲此前被称为总统年度国情咨文，直到1934年，富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福总统将其称为年度国会国情咨文 。1942年到1946年，国情咨文开始被非正式地称为国情演讲 。从1947年开始被正式称为国情咨文 。
1. from time to time 不时地；间或；偶尔；
Keep your head up, and look around you from time to time.
2. in person 亲自；本人；
She went to New York to receive the award in person.
3. date back to 追溯（到）；开始（于）；始造（或建）（于）；
The brooch dates back to the fourth century BC.
4. lay out 阐述；讲解；说明；
Let me lay out the relevant economic theory and evidence.