VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):拜登公布2万亿美元基础设施支出计划
日期:2021-04-04 08:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Biden Announces $2 Trillion Infrastructure Spending Plan
American President Joe Biden announced on Wednesday a $2 trillion spending plan that is, in his words, "a once-in-a-generation investment in America."
Biden said it is "the largest American jobs investment since World War II." He added it will create millions of jobs, grow the economy and help the country compete against China.
The plan is the first of Biden's two proposals called the American Jobs Plan and the American Families Plan. He promised to release the second plan in a few weeks.
The Biden administration said in a statement that the American Jobs Plan provides money to improve the country's roads and bridges and to build charging stations for electric vehicles. Other projects include housing for the poor, expansion of high-speed internet service, and money for research and manufacturing.
The administration said the plan would be paid for by raising the U.S. corporate tax rate from 21 to 28 percent, establishing a minimum tax rate on corporate earnings, and ending tax breaks for fossil fuel companies and others.
What's in the $2 trillion spending plan?
The Biden administration said the largest amount of money, $621 billion, would go to transportation projects. These include fixing 32,000 kilometers of highways, repairing 10,000 bridges and building 500,000 charging stations. The plan is designed to push the nation's automobile industry to build more electric vehicles.
The plan includes $400 billion to expand home-based care for older people and the disabled. One of the largest investments includes $213 billion to help build housing for the poor. Another $111 billion will go to new water and sewage system for homes. High-speed internet, clean energy for electrical systems and public schools will each receive a $100 billion investment.
The plan will also invest more than $500 billion to help manufacturing in the country, retrain workers and support research and development.
Biden announced the plan in an appearance in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the same city in which he launched his presidential campaign.
The city once famous for its steel factories was central to the rise of American industrial power. As steel manufacturing disappeared over time, Pittsburgh re-invented itself as a center of health care, technology and academic research.

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What's next for the plan?
The new spending proposal came just 20 days after Biden signed into law a $1.9 trillion spending plan to help Americans affected by the coronavirus health crisis. Lawmakers in the president's Democratic Party have expressed support for the plan. Republican Party lawmakers have criticized it.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki said the plan is "about making an investment in America — not just modernizing our roads or railways or bridges but building an infrastructure of the future."
Mitch McConnell, the leader of Senate Republicans, said he is "not likely" to support the spending proposal. He said the plan will result in "more borrowed money, and massive tax increases on all the productive parts of our economy."
McConnell told reporters that Biden spoke to him about the spending plan in a call on Tuesday.
The Business Roundtable is an organization of American business leaders. It supports what it calls "user pay" models for infrastructure building. And the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, a business interest group, called Biden's plan "dangerously misguided" in how it expects to pay for infrastructure improvement.
At the same time, some members of Biden's own Democratic party think the infrastructure spending plan should be bigger.
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York called the plan "not nearly enough" in a Twitter post. She noted that it calls for spending $2.25 trillion over 10 years as compared to the coronavirus spending plan of $1.9 trillion for this year alone.
The plan, Ocasio-Cortez added, "Needs to be way bigger."
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

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重点讲解:
1. be designed to do sth. 计划;打算;意图;
The tests are designed to detect the disease early.
这些检查旨在早期查出疾病d!lOVtEsTl
2. be famous for 著名的;有名的;
New Orleans is famous for its cuisine.
新奥尔良以其美食而著称7FrZIrJ126(drWWE|Sl3
3. result in 导致;引起;造成;
Fifty per cent of road accidents result in head injuries.
50%的道路交通事故都会导致头部损伤3oAYR=7rh3xWtclUWmW
4. at the same time 同时;
At the same time, the press bubbles with stories of the sale of Russian arms to Serbia.
与此同时,报纸上登满了俄罗斯向塞尔维亚出售武器的报道a[0*MN%l)*8_bHQ#DX

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参考译文

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拜登公布2万亿美元基础设施支出计划
周三,美国总统乔·拜登宣布了一项2万亿美元的支出计划,他称这是“美国一代人只有一次的投资”U~Iw0VS%x-H
拜登表示,这是“二战以来美国最大的就业投资”6xq_1-Wl%JsW。他补充表示,这将创造数百万个就业机会,发展经济,并帮助美国与中国竞争[tDt8O5*cB;*0@l4p
这项计划是拜登提出的两项提案中的第一项,这两份提案分别是美国就业计划和美国家庭计划9X#2XXX.Hnsk,iN。他承诺在几周后公布第二份计划MV7QIj8F8gotkN^
拜登政府在声明中表示,美国就业计划提供资金,改善国家的道路和桥梁,并建设电动汽车充电站rOv5s04[wvbvO。其他项目包括为穷人提供住房、扩展高速互联网服务以及为研究和制造提供资金*hA+*.d=Fkc#Nxwz!Y
美国政府表示,该计划的实现方式包括,将美国企业税率从21%提高至28%,设定企业收益最低税率,以及结束化石燃料公司和其他公司的税收减免c@xl&oRiz3
2万亿美元支出计划包含哪些内容?
拜登政府表示,6210亿美元的最大一笔投资将用于交通项目e[5P%_O;*0i1+&xple4。其中包括修缮3.2万公里高速公路,修复1万座桥梁,建设50万个充电站q&XMT3k]BnZQd。该计划旨在推动全美汽车产业生产更多的电动汽车m;W[=J1dK+.;jlcnLD
该计划包括拨款4000亿美元用于扩大老年人和残疾人的家庭护理p6#rpV#MAA~。其中最大的一笔投资包括提供2130亿美元用于帮助穷人建造住房WX=NSFN^7H^5。另外1110亿美元将用于新建家庭用水和污水处理系统7g5SUe;Z,o6T9S0Iyt。高速互联网、电力系统清洁能源和公立学校将分别获得1000亿美元的投资bp*%^BQ],B=Z
该计划还将投入5000多亿美元,为美国制造业提供帮助,对工人进行再培训,并支持研发c%g&.dM;CRQLq~0
拜登在宾夕法尼亚州匹兹堡市宣布了这项计划,匹兹堡也是他启动总统竞选活动的城市0u[zhVkTrbS#8yrjiH
这座曾经以钢铁厂闻名的城市是美国工业力量崛起的中心iVSfeq&ZQM。随着钢铁制造业的没落,匹兹堡市改变形象,成为医疗保健、技术和学术研究的中心vWjlbB;waoI#8Phz(A;
计划的下一步是什么?
在这份最新支出计划出台之前的20天,拜登刚刚了签署一项1.9万亿美元支出计划,该计划旨在帮助受冠状病毒健康危机影响的美国人STN(*+UNKnC=.WhbdeHo。总统所在的民主党议员表示支持这一计划68LVo1KZ;FxQ9mE。共和党议员则对此提出批评|9MjKIjmZu
白宫新闻秘书珍·普萨基表示,这项计划“关乎投资美国——不仅仅是使我们的公路、铁路或桥梁现代化,而是建设未来的基础设施-_Yy;^.Ta.j);Y。”
参议院共和党领袖米奇·麦康奈尔表示,他“不太可能”支持这一支出方案O&J0)GhBZ@..5。他表示,这项计划将导致“更多的借款,并大幅增加我们经济所有生产部门的税收tFUlj9j58_e8c46[rT。”
麦康奈尔对记者表示,拜登在周二举行的电话会议上和他谈论了这项支出计划[#Mw15c@4b*#FsD!L
商业圆桌会议是美国商业领袖组织2QU+%!7(*|fGU7qm。该组织支持基础设施建设“用户付费”模式qqQ0u!|dnpR5]k7。而商业利益组织美国商会则称拜登的计划在如何为基础设施改善支付费用方面“存在危险的误导”-.rW6gJ3v7WBw.=
与此同时,拜登所在民主党的一些成员认为,基础设施支出计划的规模应该更大pL&Ut#(Q9GV.~!GV!
纽约州众议员亚历山德里亚·奥卡西奥-科尔特斯在推特上表示,这一计划“远远不够”y*5,[A6M_CL*f]y3L!^。她指出,该计划要求在10年内支出2.25万亿美元,而仅今年一年的冠状病毒支出计划就为1.9万亿美元y-|a-X_ByUp*Hu
奥卡西奥-科尔特斯还表示,这项计划“需要扩大规模x%]1WtMKJD,L6~xFfrC。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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