VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国拟立法拯救新闻行业
日期:2021-03-12 13:32

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Lawmakers Propose Bill to Help News Media

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U.S. lawmakers from both major political parties are supporting legislation that makes it easier for media companies to negotiate deals with internet companies.

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The bill is aimed at making it easier for news organizations to negotiate collectively with companies like Google and Facebook.

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Senator Amy Klobuchar and Representative David Cicilline of the Democratic Party are introducing the legislation. Senator John Kennedy and Representative Ken Buck, both Republicans, are co-sponsors.

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The bill comes after Facebook had a legal fight with Australia over how much money publishers should make from their social media pages. During the dispute, Facebook blocked Australian news pages and only permitted their return after the government compromised. Facebook also promised a $1 billion investment in the news industry.

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The measure would permit print, broadcast or digital news organizations to work together to gain better deals from Facebook and Google during a period of time. During that time, they would not be subject to antitrust laws meant to prevent big companies from unfairly influencing or controlling markets. The bill would require the negotiations to aid news publishers generally rather than a small number of companies.

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Klobuchar said she was hopeful about the possibility of the measure becoming law. She said there is growing concern among lawmakers from both parties about monopolies, companies that control too much of a market or industry.

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Speaking about internet companies commonly called "technology" companies, Klobuchar said: "Tech has no mercy." She said the bill would permit negotiations on "everything from advertising revenue to access to information on subscribers."

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"This bill will give hardworking local reporters and publishers the helping hand they need right now, so they can continue to do their important work," Cicilline said in a statement.

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Klobuchar noted that most people now get their news online through Facebook and Google.

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Social media companies use news to get the attention of users and have been accused by news publishers of not sharing advertising revenue with them. The legislation could mean that struggling news organization would receive more money for their products.

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Employment at U.S. newspapers has dropped by about 50 percent since 2008. One reason is that money from advertising has gone to big internet social media businesses. Those numbers come from Pew Research which also says changing media behaviors are to blame.

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Small publishers using Google's advertising sales technology have said for years that their bigger competitors are getting more money from the search engine.

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Cicilline is a chairman of the Judiciary antitrust panel in the House of Representatives. It will hold a hearing on the matter on Friday.

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I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.

重点解析

1.period n.时期

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The novel is set in the Roman period.

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该小说的背景是罗马时期7euKs-HLWYC[BO.5

2.Representatives n.代表

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The House of Representatives approved a new budget.

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众议院批准了一项新的预算方案!Qf9~Caz@81kbOrq.]S+

3.local adj.当地的

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He dabbles in local politics.

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他开始涉足地方政坛jQdWGOqFTjnpzw

4.revenue n.收入

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If they overestimate, they lose revenue.

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如果他们过高地估算,就会损失收入_GEUNF=Z0m

5.Social media companies use news to get the attention of users and have been accused by news publishers of not sharing advertising revenue with them.

Social media 社交媒体

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Social media is often where people take a stand on an issue.

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社交媒体通常是人们对某一问题表达自己立场的平台9eX3N;S~Tf

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I post a lot on social media anyway.

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我在社交媒体上发过很多内容1U5k,tTvyM]+mF

6.Social media companies use news to get the attention of users and have been accused by news publishers of not sharing advertising revenue with them.

get the attention of 得到...注意

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The speaker finally managed to get the attention of his audience.

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讲话人终于设法吸引住了观众ikIFqQT4Tn2s4V

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Many poets today use "slam" to get the attention of the audience.

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今天,许多诗人用“大满贯”得到了观众的注意yViC|g&PLlhDeE,

参考译文

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美国拟立法拯救新闻行业

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来自美国两党的国会议员都支持一项立法,让媒体公司更容易与互联网公司进行协议谈判XjciJ#_NCfO%iprR

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该议案旨在使新闻机构更容易与谷歌和脸书等公司进行集体谈判Ka;~|Nsh^&

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民主党参议员艾米·克洛布查尔(Amy Klobuchar)和众议员大卫·西西林尼(David Cicilline)提出了该议案q^145clO|ehyt^。共和党参议员约翰·肯尼迪(John Kennedy)和众议员肯·巴克(Ken Buck)是共同议案人MbLjcbua_rXl

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该议案是在脸书与澳大利亚就出版商应该从其社交媒体页面抽走多少利润进行法律诉讼后提出的I8|(_|_;0eL6s@EV。在解决纠纷期间,脸书封锁了澳大利亚新闻页面,在澳大利亚政府让步后才批准恢复这些新闻页面XnZoH_A_3sjZN@oU。脸书还承诺在新闻行业投资10亿美元dNV6K^jb]L+vnI0Lnx

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该举措将允许出版、广播或数字新闻机构在一段时间内合作,从脸书和谷歌那里获得更好的协议f*2hgl;#4mD。在此期间,它们将不受制于旨在防止大公司不公平地影响或控制市场的反垄断法z8EERpY@gpWLNkUeI9。该议案将要求谈判倾向于新闻出版商,而不是为少数公司服务X|p=cK+=NfzwO

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美国拟立法拯救新闻行业.jpg

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克洛布查尔表示,她对这项措施成为法律的可能性充满希望[0dg*|wdT,~+T-B。她说,两党国会议员都越来越关注垄断企业会把控过多的市场或行业ifYHb]85*Vkm8(#,,;

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在谈到通常被称为“科技企业”的互联网公司时,克洛布查尔表示:“科技企业毫无怜悯之心^-K,NJYGiT,。”她说,该议案将会允许就“从广告收入到获取订阅用户信息的所有问题”进行谈判]dZypQFtDg

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西西林尼在一份声明中表示:“这项议案将为那些辛苦工作的当地记者与出版商提供他们现在所需的帮助,这样他们就能够继续从事他们的重要工作了~oCJmAHAlB2k5K,L。”

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克洛布查尔指出,现在大多数人都通过脸书和谷歌在线获取新闻RJ%IXJ|3fCwTT1z;C.

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社交媒体公司利用新闻来吸引用户,并被新闻出版商指控没有与他们分享广告收入+HVe,Wy4nxO7。这项立法可能意味着,苦苦挣扎的新闻机构将从自身的信息中获利更多e]N_AK-Q4r

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自2008年以来,美国报业从业人员减少了大约50%Wr~U#Z-WnP]ms。原因之一是广告收入流向了大型互联网社交媒体企业pPY-W#9Nw25;=。这些数据来自于皮尤研究中心1n1XO~xyGrb%;37pt。该中心还表示,媒体行为的改变是罪魁祸首=8qR[zlnAqkw1k

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使用谷歌广告销售技术的小型出版商多年来一直表示,比他们规模更大的竞争对手通过搜索引擎获取更多利润2;n@vVpW&0T)f.jL-

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西西林尼是众议院司法反垄断委员会的主席]Mgr(D!eYdf.*。该委员会将于周五就此事举行听证会|a1r&p5TzYJO

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小马里奥·里特为您播报@gS99lpz0#goHuEGhV

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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