VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国陆军放宽发型等军容规定
日期:2021-02-11 08:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Army Eases Restrictions on Hairstyles and Other Rules

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U.S. Army leaders have eased restrictions on a number of hairstyle and other personal appearance rules for soldiers.

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The changes are set to take effect in late February.

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One of the main differences is that women wearing combat clothing will now be permitted to wear their hair down. The old policy required them to wear their hair on top of their head in a style known as a bun.

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The new rules also will permit women soldiers to color their hair and wear it in styles such as braids and locks. They also will be permitted to wear earrings.

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The changes come after longstanding objections to the former Army rules. Some of the opposition came from women who said they wanted the ability to wear their hair in ways that are naturally an important part of their racial identity.

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Former Defense Secretary Mark Esper ordered an examination of the old rules last summer. The action was part of a wider order to expand diversity within the military and reduce discrimination.

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Army Sergeant Major Brian Sanders told reporters that the officials who approved the new rules examined many considerations in their decision, including cultural, health and safety issues.

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Sanders noted that the new rules – such as permitting women in combat uniforms to wear earrings with gold, silver and diamonds – can also let them "feel like a woman inside and outside of uniform."

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Sanders said the old requirement for women's hair to be in a bun led to hair loss and other issues for some women. In addition, larger buns for thick or long hair can make combat hard hats fit poorly.

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"These aren't about male and female," said Army Sergeant Major Michael Grinston, who presented the latest changes. "This is about an Army standard and how we move forward with the Army, and being a more diverse, inclusive team."

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The Army announcement had been long-planned, but it came just days after the Pentagon's first Black defense secretary — Lloyd Austin — took over. Austin has promised to launch steps aimed at reducing racism and extremism in the military services.

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In many cases, the changes will now let female soldiers wear jewelry or hairstyles that were already permitted in dress uniforms, but not permitted with their daily combat uniforms.

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The new rules will permit women to wear their hair in a long ponytail or braid if it is put underneath their shirt. Army officials say this will give female soldiers in combat situations a greater ability to turn their head more quickly than if they were wearing buns.

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For men, however, the longstanding request by many soldiers to permit beards was not approved. The Army does permit beards for some medical and religious reasons. Also, male soldiers are still not permitted to wear earrings.

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The rules do permit women to wear lipstick and both men and women to wear nail polish. For men, however, the nail polish must be clear. Women can wear colored nail polish, but some colors are not permitted. Among them are purple, blue, black and "fire engine" red.

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Men will also now be able to color their hair, but the colors for both sexes are limited to "natural" versions. Banned hair colors include blue, purple, pink, green and orange.

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I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.lipstick n.口红

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She was wearing red lipstick.

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她涂着红色唇膏cvpd6~QoGXsaq

2.version n.版本

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I only knew the official version of events.

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我对事情的了解仅限于官方的版本SjF~|x~rOh)&YPRe,%

3.medical adj.医学的

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Her medical bills mounted up.

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她的医疗账单越来越多n;P5O+KrlUS5s_K0

4.standard n.标准

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The paper was of non-standard size.

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这种纸的大小不标准;[fL86y&U61T[L|(g2C

5.The Army announcement had been long-planned, but it came just days after the Pentagon's first Black defense secretary — Lloyd Austin — took over.

long-planned 长期计划的

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Tour groups are canceling long-planned trips.

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旅游团队取消了长期计划的旅行L%vlCAOv1Xj

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A few days before the election, I went down to New York for a long-planned fund-raiser.

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选举日前几天,我去纽约参加一个筹划已久的筹款会OzJWE;If4J(+a^!q&kAx

6.The Army announcement had been long-planned, but it came just days after the Pentagon's first Black defense secretary — Lloyd Austin — took over.

take over 接管;接收

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Following his late father's will, he was given the right to take over all businesses.

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遵照已故父亲的遗嘱,他有权接管所有的企业^THmo_m3ck

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The eldest son is being groomed to take over when his father dies.

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长子正在接受培养,以在父亲过世后接手父业L#s7!]l^A0ZK-H]!!

参考译文

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美国陆军放宽发型等军容规定

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美国陆军领导人放宽了对士兵发型和其他个人仪容规定的限制f&d(uzcnVez|^

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这些改革措施将于2月底生效Zd9H5tsFD8

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其中一项重大改变是,现在穿作战服的女兵可以把头发放下来yO;fwoujCj。先前的规定要求她们把头发梳在头顶,梳成发髻]v]NKqJvspJA*O%g

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新规定还将允许女兵染发,扎马尾、梳辫子nogW+d]pCmI。她们还可以戴耳环Fc&[4ABu1*Xqxed3,tcm

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这些新规是在长期反对前军队统治规定后出台的s,LF[[;cz_RMZIQf1。一些持反对意见的女兵表示,她们希望自己的发型能够自然成为她们种族身份的重要组成部分f*YGl_Tn]4

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去年夏天,前国防部长埃斯珀(Mark Esper)下令对旧军规进行审查dW@cno3emfNe&g。这一行动是扩大军队内部多样性和减少歧视的更广泛命令的一部分v&0v*pjL^FDF#uJjIl2V

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陆军中士布莱恩·桑德斯(Brian Sanders)少校告诉记者,批准新规定的官员在做决定时考虑到许多因素,包括文化、健康和安全问题pYWL+q~~HUct#Hh

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美国陆军放宽发型等军容规定.jpg

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桑德斯指出,新规定——比如允许穿着作战服的女兵佩戴金、银和钻石耳环——也能让她们感觉到“从内到外都像女性”!@-nmz7R.pg

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桑德斯表示,此前要求女兵把头发梳成发髻的要求导致了一些人面临脱发和其他问题q]#QPGhI&;pt。此外,如果头发较厚或较长,较大的发髻不便佩戴作战安全帽BXB.-J!XE51+aR_z*

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“这不是关于男兵和女兵的问题,”提出这一最新变革的陆军中士迈克尔·格林斯顿(Michael Grinston)说道~Z;wuDN+pLj。“这个问题关乎陆军的标准,以及我们如何与陆军一起前进,成为一个更多样化、更具包容性的团队jUxUUskB7YF7SPYL6。”

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虽然这份陆军声明筹划已久,但却在五角大楼首位黑人国防部长劳埃德·奥斯汀(Lloyd Austin)上任几天后才得以落实Z^rWhWf^QFx)fQKN。奥斯丁承诺将采取措施减少军队中的种族主义和极端主义k|MW3rh01**M+

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新规定将允许女兵在很多情况下佩戴珠宝或更换发型,这些条例原本只适用于制服规定,但不允许在穿日常作战服时这么做rY!5|Ej!aZf1-&

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如果需要将头发散下来,新规定将允许女兵扎长马尾或辫子Ie^E~IG9ZP0NDVG_。军方官员称,比起梳圆发髻,这方便女兵在战斗时更快速地转头lU7heq.p6e

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然而,对于男兵来说,许多人一直要求留胡子的诉求没有得到批准12[IfW4=kJ51f。军队只允许因医疗需求和宗教原因的情况下留胡子NS(aL]wm,NA。此外,不允许男兵戴耳环NZu@5v#=-,S;-

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新规允许女兵涂口红,男兵和女兵都可以涂指甲油H.+XcHw2R;+4j_RUhlzM。然而,男兵的指甲油必须是透明色E;*A_&9[!2。女兵可以涂彩色指甲油,但有些颜色例外~-a+BG=0E(dY~^。例如紫色、蓝色、黑色和“消防红”,7(KasI,#A%]qL

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现在,男兵也可以染发,但仅限于“自然”色Ys&(lovgx[6KO&w4%C]。不允许染蓝色、紫色、粉色、绿色和橙色等发色Nk_L4tw=T,*xqU

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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