French Wines Return from Year in Space
SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft landed off the coast of Florida Wednesday night carrying research materials, equipment and 12 bottles of French wine.
But not just any wine!
These bottles of wine and some grapevines had spent about a year in the International Space Station, orbiting the world in the name of science.
The wine will not be opened until the end of February. That is when Space Cargo Unlimited plans to open a bottle or two for an out-of-this-world wine tasting in Bordeaux, France.
Agricultural science is the main goal of the research, says Nicolas Gaume, the company's chief and co-founder. But he admits it will be fun to try the wine. He will be among the lucky few taking a taste, along with some French wine experts.
Months of chemical testing will follow. Researchers want to see how space changed the wine's sedimentation and bubbles. Sedimentation is the process in which material is carried to the bottom of a liquid.
Gaume told the Associated Press that his company's goal is to try to understand "how we're going to have an agriculture tomorrow that is both organic and healthy and able to feed humanity." Gaume added, "we think space has the key."
With climate change, Gaume added agricultural products like grapes will need to be able to live in more difficult conditions. Through a series of space experiments, Space Cargo Unlimited hopes to take what is learned to make plants stronger on Earth.
There is another reason for doing such space research. Gaume expects future explorers to the moon and Mars will want to enjoy some of Earth's nice things. "Being French, it's part of life to have some good food and good wine," he said.
The wine bottles were kept in steel containers for safety when they went to the space station on a Northrop Grumman ship in November 2019. The 320 pieces of Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon vines, called canes in the grape-growing business, left on the SpaceX spacecraft last March.
At this time, SpaceX's Dragon is the only spacecraft capable of returning space station experiments and other items to Earth. Others burn up in the atmosphere on their return.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
The metal container began to emit a clicking sound.
The Explorer kept a journal of his adventures.
Chemical weapons are banned internationally.
The atmosphere at the house soured.
5.Others burn up in the atmosphere on their return.
burn up 燃烧
Let's burn up all this waste paper.
If you put on more coal the fire will burn up.
6.He will be among the lucky few taking a taste, along with some French wine experts.
along with 伴随
I decided to play along with her idea.
She walked along with a spring in her step.
该公司首席执行官兼联合创始人尼古拉斯·高梅(Nicolas Gaume)表示，农业科学是这项研究的主要目标。但他承认品尝一下这种酒会很有趣 。他将和法国葡萄酒鉴赏师一起，成为少数几位有幸品尝这些葡萄酒的一员 。
接下来将进行几个月的化学测试。研究人员好奇太空是如何改变葡萄酒的沉降和气泡的 。沉降是指物质被带到液体底部的过程 。
做这样的太空研究还有另一层原因。高梅预计，未来的月球和火星探险者也能一享地球上的美味 。“作为法国人，享受美食和美酒是生活的一部分，”他说道 。
一2019年11月，为安全起见，这些酒瓶被保存在钢瓶中，由诺斯罗普·格鲁曼公司的一艘飞船前往空间站。3月，320株墨洛以及卡贝内-苏维农葡萄藤被送上太空探索技术公司(SpaceX)的飞船 。在葡萄种植行业，这320株葡萄被称为”藤条（cane）” 。