Dig of Pompeii Fast-Food Place Reveals Ancient Tastes
Scientists in Italy have uncovered a fast-food eatery in the ancient Roman town of Pompeii. The remains help in the understanding of foods that were popular among Pompeii's citizens.
Pompeii Archaeological Park's chief Massimo Osanna said Saturday that about 80 such fast-food eateries have been found at Pompeii. But the latest find is the first time such a hot-food-drink eatery — known as a thermopolium — was completely uncovered.
Plant and animal specialists are still examining remains from the site.
Some of the thermopolium's counter area was partly dug up in 2019 during work to repair Pompeii's ruins. Since then, archaeologists have kept digging. They uncovered a large counter area with wide holes on its top. The counter held deep containers for hot food.
The front of the counter included works of art showing ducks and chickens. The images brightened the eatery and also likely served as food advertisements. Another painting shows a dog on a leash.
Valeria Amoretti is an anthropologist at Pompeii. She said early studies confirm "how the painted images represent, at least in part, the foods and beverages effectively sold inside."
She noted that small pieces of duck bones were found in one of the food containers. Remains from goats, pigs, fish and snails also were found. At the bottom of a wine container were remains of ground fava beans. In ancient times, the beans were added to wine for taste and to lighten its color, Amoretti said.
Massimo Osanna added, "We know what they were eating that day." He was talking about the day of Pompeii's destruction in 79 A.D. The food remains are examples of "what's popular with the common folk," Osanna told Italy's Rai state TV. He added that wealthy Romans did not eat at such street-food businesses.
One surprise find at the dig was the complete skeleton of a dog. The scientists involved in the dig noted it was not a "large muscular dog like that painted on the counter. Instead it was a very small adult dog, whose height at shoulder level was 20 to 25 centimeters, Amoretti said. She added it is rare to find remains from ancient times of such small dogs. The find may show that Romans at the time were carrying out "selective breeding" of dogs.
The scientists also found a bronze serving device, nine food containers, a couple of drink containers and a container for oil at the site.
Successful restaurant owners know that a good location is important for business. The operator of this ancient fast-food eatery seemed to have found a good place for doing business. Osanna noted that right outside the eatery was a small square with a fountain. Another thermopolium was nearby.
Pompeii was destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which is near present-day Naples. Much of the ancient city still lies uncovered. The site is one of Italy's most popular areas for visitors.
I'm Ashley Thompson.
They haven't yet put a price on the business.
They often order their food quickly at fast-food restaurants.
The guide conducted us around the ruins of the ancient city.
The clerk at the counter gave me too little change.
5.Since then, archaeologists have kept digging.
Since then 从那时以来
Europe has moved a long way since then at a very quick pace.
Since then I've been waiting on events.
6.The scientists also found a bronze serving device, nine food containers, a couple of drink containers and a container for oil at the site.
a couple of 一对；几个
I've seen her a couple of times before.
I saw a couple of men get out.
庞贝考古公园负责人马西莫·奥萨纳（Massimo Osanna）周六表示，在庞贝已经发现了大约80处类似的快餐店遗址。但这一最新发现是首次出土完整的被称为thermopolium的热食类餐馆 。
在2019年修复庞贝遗址的工作中，thermopolium的部分柜台区域被挖掘出来。从那时起，考古学家一直在继续挖掘 。他们发现了一处台面上有宽洞的大柜台 。柜台上的较深凹陷用来放盛热食物的容器 。
柜台前面有展示鸭子和鸡的艺术作品。这些作品让餐厅变得更加鲜活，也可能是用于食品宣传 。另一幅作品是一只拴着绳的狗 。
瓦莱里娅·爱莫雷蒂（Valeria Amoretti）是研究庞贝遗址的人类学家。她说，早期研究证实了“画作至少部分生动地代表了店内出售的食品和饮品 。”
她指出，在其中一个食物容器中发现了小块鸭骨。还发现了山羊、猪、鱼和蜗牛的遗骸 。在一个葡萄酒容器的底部出土了碎蚕豆的痕迹 。爱莫雷蒂表示，古人会把蚕豆加到酒里提高口感，并稀释酒的颜色 。
马西莫·奥萨纳补充说，“我们知道（火山爆发）那天他们吃了什么。”他说的是公元79年庞贝古城被摧毁的那一天 。他告诉意大利广播电视台，食物残渣能够显示“平民们喜欢的饮食” 。因为古罗马富人不常光顾这些街边快餐店 。
在挖掘过程中有令人惊奇的发现——一具完整的狗的骨架。参与挖掘工作的科学家们指出，这不是“画在柜台上的那种肌肉发达的巨型犬” 。相反，它是一只体型较小的成年狗，肩部高度只有20到25厘米，阿莫雷蒂说道 。她补充说，这种古代小型狗的遗骸非常罕见 。这一发现可能表明当时罗马人让狗进行了“选择性繁殖” 。
成功的餐厅老板都深谙好地段对于生意的重要性。这家古老的快餐店的经营者似乎找到了一处做生意的好地段 。奥萨纳注意到，在餐馆外有一个带喷泉的小广场 。另一个thermopolium 就位于附近 。
庞贝古城因维苏威火山爆发被摧毁，维苏威火山位于今天的那不勒斯附近。这座古城的大部分遗址尚未出土 。该景点是意大利最受游客欢迎的地区之一 。