VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2020年印度经济陷入严重衰退
日期:2021-01-05 17:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

2020 Brought India Recession

The year 2020 brought India its most serious economic and security issues in many years. The COVID-19 pandemic pushed the country into a recession.

India ordered one of the world's most severe lockdowns in March, when it had just a few hundred coronavirus cases. But when the country started opening up, the virus began to spread quickly. By the end of the year, India was the second-worst hit nation, with nearly 10 million COVID-19 cases.

Millions of people lost jobs and hundreds of small businesses closed. But experts warned that the economic problems went deeper than the health crisis.

The first evidence of this came in April when India witnessed a never-before-seen exodus of migrant laborers. Having lost jobs in cities, millions walked hundreds of kilometers to their villages when all transport was halted.

India has been the worst hit among large economies because nearly 90 percent of its workers survive on its informal sector. The economy is expected to fall by nine percent this year, its worst recession in 40 years.

The Center for Monitoring Indian Economy estimated that about 120 million jobs were lost from April to June. Many jobs came back as the government began easing lockdowns to help. But millions of people are still struggling to find work.

Among the jobless are tens of thousands of street sellers whose businesses were destroyed by the pandemic.

Ranga Shalivan restarted his two small roadside food stands in July in the city of Hyderabad. For months, few people bought his food. But he has seen some improvement in recent weeks.

It's a little better now, "but I am still making only about half the money that I used to. It has been very hard," he said.

The government has announced two stimulus bills. But Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman told industry leaders it would not be enough to deal with the crisis caused by the pandemic.

Now at the end of the year, there is hope that the worst may be over as India gets control of the health crisis. Numbers of new COVID-19 infections are lessening. And a new vaccine is expected to come within weeks.

Economist Arun Kumar, however, has warned that real progress will be a long-term process for the world's second most populous country.

During the past year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi also faced some of his biggest challenges since taking power six years ago. There was widespread protest over a new citizenship law that critics say discriminates against Muslims. In the Indian capital in February, communal riots killed more than 50 people. Then in December, tens of thousands of farmers camped on the edges of New Delhi, angered by new farming laws. They worry the laws will open them to corporate abuse.

Experts say while the pandemic tested nations worldwide, India's challenges could make the road to recovery longer and harder.

I'm Alice Bryant.

重点解析

1.progress n.进步;进度

They asked for a progress report on the project.

他们索要工程进度报告=!PpE*)a^e;!dRq,1*=d

2.pandemic n.流行病

One pandemic of Spanish flu took nearly 22 million lives worldwide.

西班牙流感的大爆发夺去了全球近2,200万人的生命4^J9GO,e=[0WG

3.populous adj.人口密集的

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world.

印度尼西亚是世界上第四大人口大国huorgDp;R|nQ|b

4.infection n.感染

The infection did not respond to the drugs.

这些药物对感染没有起作用azO=.XCNVQIM~l9g

5.Then in December, tens of thousands of farmers camped on the edges of New Delhi.

tens of thousands of 成千上万的

Insects are made up of tens of thousands of proteins.

昆虫由数万种蛋白质构成CE%S;0QO7-k46&d

They somehow contrived to lose tens of thousands of applications.

他们精心策划故意遗失了数万份申请书B9EeK8[hQC,_Leu

6.Then in December, tens of thousands of farmers camped on the edges of New Delhi.

on the edges of 在...边缘

However, on the edges of the salt flat, you will find the 12 llamas are everywhere.

不过,在盐沼的边缘,你会发现美洲驼随处可见TfXQotlunG

The ice around on the edges of Antarctica is melting at a quick pace.

南极洲边缘地区的冰山,正在快速的融化stL*%Ts.kA)B7s

参考译文

2020年印度经济陷入严重衰退

2020年让印度面临了多年来最严重的经济和安全问题.-Ou,nJV-*6gis。新冠肺炎疫情导致该国进入衰退QV7hJ[]][br~Ny04x

3月份,印度成为全球实施最严厉封锁措施的国家之一,当时该国只有数百例冠状病毒病例R!2-qW)e!6。但是当该国重新开放时,新冠病毒迅速传播a@4&(lwYcoPoPv。到今年年底,印度新冠肺炎病例达近1000万,成为新冠病毒疫情第二严重的国家5E=CHMjJHKmwZ5Bcejg

印度有数百万人失业,数百家小企业倒闭9Bx&OVC_r(。但是专家警告称,印度的经济问题比健康危机更严重wsZ([r9z)SVlxZXK-;

最早出现的证据是在4月份,当时印度见证了历史性的外来务工人员回流现象|6ht_^6uYxiI#LnSBO。由于在城市失业,成千上万人在所有交通系统中断后徒步数百公里返乡]DzNZ*tCxnAejFvNxh

2020年印度经济陷入严重衰退.jpg

印度是大型经济体中受疫情影响最严重的国家,因为该国近90%的务工人员依靠非正式工作生存@=72E[M!J5wp|[ZJP。预计今年该国经济将会萎缩近9%,为40年来最严重的经济衰退_91gIeA5K4C@WkY#

印度经济监测中心估计,从4月到6月,印度大约损失1.2亿个工作岗位iU(.j+vJ)loz。随着政府开始放宽封锁以提供帮助,许多工作岗位回流]r1]II7,NQ36yYqcIMu。但是还有数百万人在努力找工作BuCu~3j3qT+i

失业者中有数万名街头小贩,他们的生意因疫情毁于一旦+aJCgH6*Jb

兰加·沙利文(Ranga Shalivan)7月份在海得拉巴市重新经营他的两处路边小吃摊生意oBy*5#7FeJ)-。几个月来,很少有人光顾0|]@[a#%ksmA)soz。不过,最近几周,这种状况有所改善JX=,L.@RE|gu[!E

他说:“现在情况略有好转,但是我的收入仍然只有以前的一半左右TmY#7I5y%Fod#XRtBMr。做生意太难LaU77[A;S-。”

政府宣布了两项刺激法案rhIbn8fW]U16EYW*go。但是财政部长尼尔玛拉·西塔拉曼(Nirmala Sitharaman)对行业领袖表示,这可能不足以应对疫情引发的危机j[p+;v%ytCtd

临近年底,随着印度控制这场健康危机,人们希望最坏的情况早点过去KW|(%bKV&L!rqDeG@t。新冠肺炎感染人数开始下降STTQ5D5x|xL~,oW&9(。预计一款新疫苗将在数周内上市%V,M3o6h^(LKGk

然而经济学家阿伦·库马尔(Arun Kumar)警告说,对于印度这个世界第二大人口的国家来说,取得实质性进展将是一个漫长的过程dpXhXTOoAMNc

在过去一年里,印度总理莫迪也面临上台6年来一些最严峻的挑战W2&HX^0~0f;=4I。新的公民法引发民众大规模抗议,批评者称其歧视穆斯林K#~X9D-^dJaNbX~。2月份在印度首都,社区暴动导致50多人丧命A@x,Gi8msnjnr@#]。然后在12月,数万名农民被新农业法激怒,在新德里郊外扎营抗议JPT4JEh0O^ksM^#v。他们担心,该法将会让他们成为公司任意欺凌的对象!]A)d@cx6Df)

专家表示,尽管全球都在经历新冠肺炎疫情的考验,印度所面临的挑战可能会使得复苏之路变得更漫长、更艰难!z1ADK=UTKF-_9

爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报WD,DuztHiF-n.adv]M

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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