VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):特朗普签署新冠纾困法案
日期:2020-12-30 11:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Trump Signs Coronavirus Aid Bill

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American President Donald Trump signed a $2.3 trillion spending plan measure Sunday night that he had suggested he would veto. The bill includes $900 billion for coronavirus aid and $1.4 trillion for government operations through next September.

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The president had called the bill "a disgrace" after the Senate passed it last week. His objections surprised many in Congress. Republican and Democratic leaders called on Trump throughout the week, urging him to sign it.

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Without Trump's signature or passage of a temporary measure, a partial government shutdown would have begun Tuesday.

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Increased unemployment benefits and housing protections had ended earlier on Sunday.

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House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, called the signing "welcomed news for the 14 million Americans who just lost the lifeline of unemployment benefits on Christmas Weekend, and for the millions more struggling to stay afloat during this historic pandemic and economic crisis."

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Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Republican, praised Trump for preventing "a government shutdown at a time when our nation could not have afforded one." He said the bill was not perfect but would do a huge amount of good for struggling Americans "who need help now."

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Trump said in announcing the signing that he was also demanding changes to the legislation to remove what he called "wasteful items." Those demands amount to suggestions to Congress and will not necessarily result in any changes to the bill.

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His main objection to the bill was the amount of individual coronavirus aid payments to Americans.

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"As President, I have told Congress that I want far less wasteful spending and more money going to the American people in the form of $2,000 checks per adult and $600 per child," Trump said in a statement.

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Trump's support for the larger payments was seen as criticism of members of his Republican Party who resisted Democratic efforts to negotiate larger payments.

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Democrats have described the aid bill as just a first step in their push for a more expansive aid program.

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"We need to ensure robust support for state and local government to distribute and administer a vaccine, keep workers employed and prevent devastating service cuts – and we must do so as soon as possible," Pelosi said.

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Trump did veto a separate spending bill last week. The $740 billion measure would support the country's defense programs.

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Congress has suspended its usual Christmas break to return to work to consider an override, or rejection, of Trump's veto. A two-thirds majority vote in both legislative bodies is required to override a presidential veto.

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I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.veto n.否决权

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The British government used its veto to block the proposal.

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英国政府行使其否决权阻止了这项提案nC^Kw=J)(u5OIhR_uOB

2.defense n.防卫

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The defense wants the district Judge to throw out the case.

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辩护律师希望区法官不受理那个案子z8ZQ]r2p,Yfmg

3.presidential adj.总统的

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The presidential mandate is limited to two terms of four years each.

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总统的任期不得超过两届,每届四年&N|vC^~Gzo

4.program n.程序

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There are still a few residual problems with the computer program.

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电脑程序还有一些残留问题7g9VRybZe@RF#;DIcZ

5.We need to ensure robust support for state and local government to distribute and administer a vaccine, keep workers employed and prevent devastating service cuts – and we must do so as soon as possible.

as soon as possible 尽快的

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We will get your order to you as soon as possible.

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我们将会把您的订货尽早送达dMr0,%-Yru36Ajdc]M

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I now look forward to going back to work as soon as possible.

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我现在渴望尽早回到工作岗位R~7ol)lZxyEcL

6.He said the bill was not perfect but would do a huge amount of good for struggling Americans "who need help now."

a huge amount of 大量的

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The new tax caused a huge amount of public anger.

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这种新的税引起了公众极大的怨愤EV6oQ#P1&V

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She spent a huge amount of money on that diamond.

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她花巨款买了那颗钻石6)O|B_Oi,_E*ejl

参考译文

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特朗普签署新冠纾困法案

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美国总统特朗普周日晚签署了一项2.3万亿美元的开支计划法案,他曾表示将否决这项法案Yxe&][]gGV&HHH,N。该法案包括9000亿美元的冠状病毒援助和1.4万亿美元的政府运作资金,直到明年9月NK)Fe8D8Mqm&L)

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上周,参议院通过该法案后,总统称该法案为“耻辱”.5w[-o8B.+.HB,a(。他的反对令国会的多数议员感到惊讶VX7)^J;x[jjC0%Bd。本周,共和党和民主党领袖都在呼吁特朗普签署该法案s9FzKFsJ3#Hd

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如果特朗普不签署该法案或通过一项临时措施,周二联邦政府将会部分停摆9(vfYhZVOP=(85SJh

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增加的失业救济金和住房保障已经在周日早些时候结束]qvq[[Tz+C;8b7|GlUY

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众议院议长、民主党人佩洛西(Nancy Pelosi)称,这一签署“对刚刚在圣诞节周末失去失业救济的1400万美国人,以及在这场历史性的大流行和经济危机中苦苦挣扎的数百万人来说,这是一个欣慰的消息wsQsgYw)nO。”

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特朗普签署新冠纾困法案.png

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参议院多数党领袖、共和党人麦康奈尔(Mitch McConnell)称赞特朗普阻止了“在我们国家无法承受的情况下政府关门”e-aE%2ek-Ri3@o,pJT。他说,这项法案并不完美,但将为“现在需要帮助”的苦苦挣扎的美国人带来巨大好处K7vgyM=%Ci

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特朗普在宣布签署协议时表示,他还要求修改立法,移除他所谓的“浪费性项目”hwtr]es6znWRpE。这些要求等于向国会提出建议,不一定会导致法案发生任何变化n#F;*74inB^imnAVE*5&

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他对该法案的主要反对意见是向美国人支付的个人新冠病毒援助金额jf%SCHq@3l7&!4T*7]

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特朗普在一份声明中说:“作为总统,我已经告诉国会,我希望减少浪费性开支,让更多的资金以成人每人2000美元和儿童每人600美元的方式流向美国人民”HXt%1%FFRJr

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特朗普支持增加失业救济金额被视为对其共和党成员的批评,后者抵制民主党就更高失业救济金额进行谈判的努力#GgB.Y@!~4*M^[

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民主党人称,援助法案是他们推动更广泛援助计划的第一步T;d%F]ep_,%x

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佩洛西说:“我们需要确保州政府和地方政府得到强有力的支持,以分发和管理疫苗,保持工人就业,防止灾难性的服务削减,我们必须尽快这样做uZ2dmiPl|x4XB[qm。”L|YZ~jR-JJ_t|IYVK]

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特朗普上周确实否决了一项单独的开支法案@HjZ=mDxd#U-vQSaw_@r。这项7400亿美元的法案将支持美国的国防计划rk^n@J.sB;b.h]-

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国会暂停了圣诞假期,复会并考虑推翻或否决特朗普的否决权urQd2LISkT5cBwO。想要推翻总统的否决,两个立法机构都需要三分之二的多数票QA7z.7!B5+Al%vYeWv

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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