VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新冠追踪APP在美国使用率不高
日期:2020-12-16 11:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Contact Tracing Apps Not Used Much in United States
Six months ago, Apple and Google released a new tool for smartphone users. The program, or app, informs users of their possible exposure to someone infected with COVID-19.
However, an Associated Press examination shows that few people in the United States are using the app. The smartphone program is not widely available in most U.S. states and territories.
Information from 16 states, Guam and the District of Columbia shows that 8.1 million people had used the technology as of late November. Around 110 million people live in those areas.
Apps and the pandemic
Computer apps could help public health workers with contact tracing, a difficult job in pandemic control. Contact tracers search for individuals who may have come in contact with an infected person.
The contact tracing tool is free and can be found in Apple's app store and the Google Play store for Android devices. Some state health-department websites also offer the program for downloading.
Experts and users say there are several reasons behind the low level of use in the U.S.
"There's a lot of things working against it," said Jessica Vitak, a professor at the University of Maryland's College of Information Studies.
"Unfortunately, in the U.S., COVID has been politicized far more than in any other country. I think that's affecting people's willingness to use tools to track it," she said.
Politicize is a term that means to make something a political issue.
Apple and Google created the main technology behind such contact tracing apps. These apps use Bluetooth wireless signals to anonymously detect when two phones have spent time in a close area. If an app user tests positive for the virus, that person's phone can alert other people that they have spent time near. The apps do not give names, locations, or any other identifying information.
In states such as Colorado, Connecticut, Maryland and Washington, iPhone users do not have to download an app. Apple asks users to start the system by changing their phone settings. In these states, app usage levels are higher. But even in the most successful state, Connecticut, only about a fifth of people have agreed to this tracking.
International views on tracing apps
Tracing apps are more commonly used in some other countries.
Irish app developer NearForm says more than 25 percent of Ireland's population uses its COVID-19 app.
In Ireland, "all sides of the political divide came together with a consistent message on this is what we need to do," said Larry Breen, NearForm's chief commercial officer.
In other places in Europe, app use has been mixed. Germany and Britain have usage levels close to Ireland's. In Finland, the number is about 45 percent, according to data from the MIT Technology Review.
In France, however, less than four percent of the population is using the official COVID app. That program runs a data collection system that is less sensitive to privacy concerns than the Apple-Google system.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.privacy n.隐私

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They promised to legislate to protect people's right to privacy.
他们承诺立法保护公民的隐私权-L!wEzI,Nx&

2.program n.项目

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Main Street won't be happy with this new program.
中产阶级不会对这个新项目感到高兴的CSZM#DC_HxY^dtAH7*

3.political adj.政治的

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He claimed political asylum.
他要求政治避难2zBx+]=_EtYj^x,yg

4.system n.系统

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The system is open to abuseabuseabuse.
这项制度容易被滥用[91o&^Bgl.n9ToH

5.Contact tracers search for individuals who may have come in contact with an infected person.

in contact with 与...接触

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His fingers were brieflybrieflybriefly in contact with the ball.
他的手指稍稍地接触了一下球VB2RtG18Z&F
Farm workers frequently come in contact with these insecticides.
农场工人常常接触这些杀虫剂kVhb%izR4[(p)bxJz=

6.In France, however, less than four percent of the population is using the official COVID app.

less than 少于

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It was nothing less than a disaster.
这简直就是一场灾难bxV#~h%(;QtW[6+2[
My flight leaves in less than an hour.
我的航班一小时内起飞AHfrvEhH_~|

参考译文

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新冠追踪APP在美国使用率不高
6个月前,苹果和谷歌为智能手机用户发布了一个新工具z9lb]2tW[qsj4ip|kf9。这是一款应用程序,该应用程序会通知用户他们可能会接触到感染新冠的人Xo30@jQV.NJzW%LN&
不过,美联社的一项检查表明,美国很少有人使用这款应用程序qWkS|n]lkbBt&eR(nA8-。该智能手机程序在美国的大多数州和地方并没有广泛使用8HUHjF9*r4d
来美国16个州、关岛、哥伦比亚特区的信息显示,截至11月底为止,有810万人使用了该应用程序n&1LXl&(Wg。那些区域生活的人口近1.1亿](IfoQ0AYRbm]QuZ,
应用和疫情
电脑的一些应用程序可以帮助公共卫生领域的工作人员追踪接触者,而追踪接触者是疫情防控的艰难环节+3VZ3nCoar2q2_。负责追踪接触者的工作人员要寻找可能与感染者接触过的人员K8Dhh-=(6h~V
这款追踪应用是免费的,苹果和安卓手机可以在苹果商店和谷歌商店下载FU1yWWdY.Q3a;4B.。一些州的卫生部网站上也提供了下载程序QJ5a~l5Wa0+[^GvFG%ii
一些专家和用户称,这款应用程序在美国使用率低有几个原因|iN.tL4%K1Aa5K[pPNAY

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新冠追踪APP在美国使用率不高.png
杰西卡·维塔克(Jessica Vitak)是马里兰大学信息学院的教授,她表示,这其中存在很多阻力rK4X7KHo#El39lv
不幸的是,在美国,新冠肺炎的政治化比其他国家都严重ofkpQutglT^(0KvBb。我认为这影响了人们通过工具进行追踪的意愿,杰西卡说道ei.VH#f@^o5g,t
“政治化”是指让某一事件成为政治问题iS2M2i*U5W%P8l
这类接触追踪类应用程序的主要技术是由苹果和谷歌研发的Gz,GaFpqoaPsqNVW&u。这类应用程序通过蓝牙无线信号来匿名检测2部手机是否曾在相距较近的区域待过zv|m71.[P7cwNMvaW]。如果一款应用程序的用户检测为阳性,那么其手机会警示其他可能曾与该用户距离较近的人4gKTJ]mlO0PsI1。这些应用程序不会提供姓名、位置或其他具有识别性的信息^7p%;=]0sEWYP
在科罗拉多、康涅狄格、马里兰、华盛顿等州,苹果手机用户不必下载应用程序P6C&QbvIyQcHlE。苹果方面会询问用户是否开启可以改变其手机设置的系统l#]s0Wq6NA。在这些州,应用程序的使用程度相对更高9ccXL@@4Ozf.;O。但即便是在最成功的的康涅狄格州,也只有近20%的人同意使用这种追踪0c]OidyaGI&&Nzm3I
国际对追踪应用的观点
追踪应用程序在其他一些国家更常用el.|54LDjLA*hK
爱尔兰应用开发商NearForm表示,超过25%的爱尔兰人使用该公司的新冠追踪应用程序0eimMt@agP
在爱尔兰,存在政治分歧的各方凝聚起来、观点一致,这是我们需要做的事情,该公司的首席商务官拉里·布林说道Q]~ep=zp_EsD;L6yzm
在欧洲的其他一些地方,应用程序的使用情况各异zwdST~3C]i8P(,w3orCN。德国和英国的使用程度与爱尔兰相近||X-I@s,6qxC。据麻省理工科技评论的数据显示,芬兰的使用率在45%左右7bk0NbrV~fUdi,E
不过,在法国,只有不到4%的人会使用官方的新冠追踪应用程序MYRICL8l+6qkD#YK-。而该应用程序的数据收集系统对隐私问题的敏感度不及苹果和谷歌的系统TIa1j]g-5z_JaFo!4~sb
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报mgsGTblj7k

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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