VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):国际投资者担忧埃塞俄比亚局势
日期:2020-12-16 09:49

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听力文本

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International Investors Concerned About Ethiopia
Ethiopia has invested billions of dollars to build new dams, railways, roads and industrial centers for more than 10 years. The goal has been to change the mainly agricultural nation into a manufacturing power.
In 2017, the African nation had the world's fastest-growing economy. A year later, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office, promising to loosen the state's control on the economy.
But for the past two years, Ethiopia has faced several problems. These include ethnic clashes, floods, swarms of insects and coronavirus restrictions. Recent fighting, which started in early November, has led many international investors to become even more concerned about the country.
Ethiopia's rise
When Bangladeshi textile company DBL came to Ethiopia two years ago, the African nation was the clothing industry's bright new area. It had a lot of workers and a government that wanted to bring in companies with tax breaks and cheap loans.
Last month, as fighting went on in the northern Tigray region, DBL's compound was hit by an explosion that broke the factory's windows. "All we could do was to pray out loud," said Adbul Waseq, an official at the company, which makes clothes mainly for Swedish clothing company H&M.
It is one of at least three foreign clothes makers to have suspended operations in Tigray. "We could have died," Waseq told Reuters.
Uncertain future
Any concern by investors could create problems for Ethiopia. The country's manufacturing export push is not yet bringing in enough foreign money to pay for its imports or keep up with rising debt costs.
Before the coronavirus health crisis, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had warned that Ethiopia was at high risk of debt problems. But Abiy's government said that Ethiopia was pushing ahead with reforms that will help build a modern economy.
Ethiopia is a small textiles producer with exports of just $94 million in 2016. In comparison, Vietnam had $29 billion and China $253 billion in the same year, World Bank trade data showed.
Ethiopia's top exports are agricultural, such as coffee, tea, spices, oil seeds, plants and flowers. But the country's push into the textile industry has been a sign of its hope to increase manufacturing.
As fighting neared Tigray's regional capital, Mekelle, textile companies began closing factories and pulling out workers. "It seemed that the conflict was getting closer to the city, and our worry was that we wouldn't be able to leave," said Cristiano Frati to an Italian newspaper. Frati was evacuated from a factory run by Italian company Calzedonia.
DBL has also flown its foreign workers out of Ethiopia. "Everything has become uncertain," its director M.A. Jabbar said. "When will the war end?"
Even before the recent conflict, insurance companies had stopped giving support beyond Ethiopia's northern Amhara area and the federal capital Addis Ababa.
An adviser who works with foreign companies told Reuters, "Ethiopia is not a pretty picture right now."
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.exports n.出口

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The new tax laws should act as a stimulus to exports.
新税法应该能促进出口3SrHafU*CXjWP%3

2.insurance n.保险

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She gave false information to the insurance company.
她向保险公司提供了不真实的资料g;E|*~Ijf)debVSdu

3.agricultural adj.农业的

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There's a glut of agricultural products in Western Europe.
西欧的农产品供过于求UEgvrS9LuY

4.industry n.工业

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The main purpose of industry is to create wealth.
工业的主要宗旨是创造财富wBMu|JiW9C],P7

5.In comparison, Vietnam had $29 billion and China $253 billion in the same year, World Bank trade data showed.

In comparison 相比之下

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In comparison with metal, plastics have both advantages and disadvantages.
与金属相比较,塑料有优点也有缺点qZnUZ,f|tHO
He is a little dull in comparison with his brother.
他和他弟弟比起来有些迟钝9.hEvT7~PQ.rYBj

6.Ethiopia is not a pretty picture right now.

right now 现在

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I have a client with me right now.
我现在有个客户8p&y600^8o!A&v+-u
I'm short of cash right now.
我眼下正缺钱y~#FHybG~),

参考译文

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国际投资者担忧埃塞俄比亚局势
埃塞俄比亚十多年来已经投资了数十亿美元用于建造新的大坝、铁路、公路和工业中心M7qyFvHOgP。目标是将这个以农业为主的国家转变为制造业强国;7Zt.UX00E+O2s~I9QH0
2017年,这个非洲国家的全球经济增速最快的国家OzR0^fY2%R.[。一年之后,该国总理阿比·艾哈迈德走马上任,他承诺要放松国家对经济的控制s)97.hK_&MkMbt
但是在过去两年里,埃塞俄比亚遇到了一些问题TCBn_9wXnaZ9。其中包括种族冲突、洪水、虫灾以及新冠病毒封锁措施Y,g8(od*FY~sr2-Dud。11月初爆发的最新冲突使得许多国际投资者对该国的局势十分担忧*Oz~W&E1;j9
埃塞俄比亚的崛起

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国际投资者担忧埃塞俄比亚局势.jpg
当孟加拉国DBL纺织公司两年前来到埃塞俄比亚时,这个非洲国家的服装业领域充满前景,7|7=lj#!,J0qK4#=g。该国拥有大量劳动力,并且政府希望以税收减免和低息贷款引进企业#^vJHh5IfoQ=mX_tSeMC
上个月,随着该国北部提格雷地区的冲突不断,DBL公司的厂房遭遇爆炸,工厂窗户被震碎L25]M9UIpPra2]Si=gyj。该公司主要为瑞典H&M服装公司代加工服装,公司领导阿德布·瓦塞克表示:“我们能做的只有大声祈祷uGKn)jBCVw5XB=qJQ((。”
这是提格雷地区至少3家暂停运营的外国服装生产商之一f.n8RG3(-mVo。瓦塞克对路透社表示:“我们差点丧命mMTG4cizg=[clA@0o5。”
未知的未来
投资者的担忧可能会给埃塞俄比亚带来麻烦nsw=(z##WF9F!。该国的制造业出口动力尚未带来足够的外资用于支撑其进口,或应付不断上升的债务成本foXrGdHC4UYDC(@Hd
在新冠病毒健康危机之前,国际货币基金组织曾警告称,埃塞俄比亚面临债务问题的高风险[K2Y1%HWpQ。但是阿比政府表示,埃塞俄比亚正在推进有助于建立现代经济的改革8qxv4Y_gmuk|
埃塞俄比亚是一个小型纺织品生产国,2016年的出口额仅为9400万美元Yz|H|aN&VPL。相比之下,世界银行的贸易数据显示,越南同期出口额为290亿美元,中国为2530亿美元z0xZZP*63j0!bq4GL
埃塞俄比亚主要出口的是农产品,例如咖啡、茶、香料、油籽、植物以及花卉PqyM*vWBiy7%0F+GlSc0。但是进军纺织业表明该国希望提升制造业fs*|De.1Z.P6xh+#+u
随着冲突邻近提格雷州首府迈凯尔市附近,纺织厂开始关厂并撤离工人rA&B|Z,iya。克里斯蒂亚诺·芙拉蒂对一家意大利报社表示:“冲突似乎离这座城市越来越近,我们担心没法离开这里cqT1mdfld-l@1。”芙拉蒂要从意大利Calzedonia公司经营的工厂撤离.+C+nElYrWV7U+F^k
DBL公司已经安排其外籍员工乘飞机撤离埃塞俄比亚b-Ty8(Tk#=4#O3W8|。该公司董事长贾巴尔表示:“一切都充满了未知LhZ+-A1PtF。战争何时能结束?”
甚至在最新的冲突爆发前,保险公司已经停止在埃塞俄比亚北部的阿姆哈拉地区以及联邦首都亚的斯亚贝巴以外的地方提供支持OeMI*2PVU[EQ-o
一位与外资公司合作的顾问对路透社表示:“埃塞俄比亚当前的局势不容乐观;2r+2+b!&6h&。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报KsbfGYXtZt6AjK7d(

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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