NPR讲解附字幕:伊朗顶级科学家遭暗杀 以色列被指是幕后黑手
日期:2020-12-02 17:30

(单词翻译:单击)

UpRvj)dnB8@Q!@CTpkUc2lNo1

听力文本

6ki=r1]T=|#!OAhZ=AI

The killing of Iran's top nuclear scientist involved a group of highly trained assassins in what was a coordinated, brazen attack on Iranian soil. That scientist is being buried today. Iran is blaming Israel, and it says it will retaliate. But why did this happen now? And what does this mean for the incoming administration of President-elect Joe Biden? NPR's national security correspondent Greg Myre is following this story, and he joins us now. Good morning.
GREG MYRE, BYLINE: Hi, Lulu.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: Hi. Let's start with what this means for Iran.
MYRE: Well, it's a very big deal. The Iranian scientist we're talking about is Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. He was killed in an attack on his car outside the capital, Tehran. Now, Israel describes him as the head of Iran's secret efforts to develop a nuclear weapon. Many believe this program has been restricted or suspended for many years. But he's still a very important figure. And Iran has always denied wanting a bomb, and they downplayed his role. But Iran's defense minister said today that the country would continue his work with, quote, "more speed and power."
GARCIA-NAVARRO: I mean, it is embarrassing and I imagine infuriating for this to have happened on Iran's soil. How are Iran's leaders reacting to the killing?
MYRE: Well, angrily. The supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei and others are calling for retaliation, and they're pointing to Israel. Iranian hard-liners say the country has suffered a number of attacks recently, and it hasn't really hit back very hard. But Iran is in a really tough position here. The economy is in very bad shape. It's suffering from the COVID pandemic. Prices for its oil exports are very low. It's burdened with very tough sanctions. If Iran lashes out, the sanctions are likely to remain in place, and the economy could get even worse.

0(S%1U6O,6A4qT

伊朗顶级科学家遭暗杀.jpg

ST]rO*bwCLOhH5~=eOO,

GARCIA-NAVARRO: Greg, what do we know? I mean, is it clear that Israel was responsible? And is it possible that the United States, its ally, might have been involved, too?
MYRE: Well, there are media reports coming out of Iran today with Iranian officials saying that the weapons used were linked to Israel and may have actually been fired remotely, not by — necessarily by people at the scene. Israel is not commenting. However, the prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, called out this scientist, Fakhrizadeh, in a 2018 speech and said, remember this name. And Israel is universally believed to be behind these kinds of ambush killings of nuclear scientists in a period from 2010 to 2012. So did the U.S. play a role? Well, Iran is not blaming the U.S. at this point, and there's no information suggesting a U.S. role. But we should note that President Trump ordered an airstrike on an even more prominent Iranian figure, General Qassem Soleimani, back in January. He was killed on a trip to Iraq.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: All right. President Trump, as we know, pulled out of a nuclear deal with Iran two years ago. And President-elect Joe Biden says he will be willing to reenter that deal. So whether or not the U.S. was involved, is the killing going to make diplomacy harder? Is it going to tie Biden's hands?
MYRE: Yes, it will absolutely make it more difficult. And there's speculation this was the point of the attack. Trump and Netanyahu both opposed the nuclear deal. They don't want to see it revived. Now, Biden is likely to maintain his same position when he enters office in January. We'll have to wait and see with Iran. They've been stockpiling low enriched uranium. They would have to give that up to go back to the deal. And a lot of hard-liners in Iran will oppose that.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: That's NPR's Greg Myre. Thank you so much.
MYRE: My pleasure.

p4jn0Urztq84hzS6

中文翻译

5IbSZTWGO]bj)~I_

参考译文:
伊朗顶级核科学家遇害事件与一批训练有素的暗杀者有关,他们在伊朗本土发动了一起厚颜无耻的协同袭击1JIvTM|Gmf^mlUk,e@H。遇害科学家今天下葬sRyY*NRiYy9Z,QaR。伊朗指责以色列是幕后黑手,并称将进行报复7dEm,~IT2G(#。但为何现在发动暗杀?这对即将上任的当选总统乔·拜登的政府意味着什么?NPR新闻国家安全事务记者格雷格·迈尔正在关注这起事件,他现在将和我们连线BcV[]JDI@i。早上好[;=G9MYf~jBZ1.y2Gm^L
格雷格·迈尔连线:你好,露露;mO(&9wOrtEoo2x[~M
加西亚-纳瓦罗:你好.4w.4^1K9^b*@yCRk。我们先来说一下这对伊朗意味着什么4)]wtgVvNMbgjakP
迈尔:这是件大事nBb*J;.w~x(。我们所谈论的伊朗科学家是莫森·法赫里扎德RzAGr&[IIlcaxs。他在伊朗首都德黑兰郊外的一起汽车袭击中丧生IM.S[A#Y1~XxG。现在,以色列称他是伊朗秘密研发核武器项目的负责人m+@Wup4hgLZ。许多人认为这个项目已被限制或暂停很多年X))7iyTi7KT[oTR。但他依然是一个非常重要的人物7ddt8|6Cm0。而伊朗一直否认其想制造核弹,同时淡化了他的作用CVy=yo^FHjeZqYyg4。但伊朗国防部长今天表示,伊朗将“以更快的速度和更大的动力”继续他的工作*7f2jI0gNLC
加西亚-纳瓦罗:我认为这种事情发生在伊朗土地上令人尴尬且愤怒l=yU]*,WsG|HlmmUD。伊朗领导人对这起暗杀事件有何反应?
迈尔:非常愤怒@qv;sPGC^04o&。伊朗最高领导人阿亚图拉·哈梅内伊和其他人呼吁进行报复,他们将矛头指向以色列kl.b9,(AE%;~8。伊朗强硬派表示,该国最近一段时间遭受了多次袭击,但并没有进行非常严厉的反击AKJj]=hjKXVw。不过伊朗目前的处境非常艰难ZUU5==5744-DHYBo&VZ。其经济状况非常糟糕l,ngfG!_ie~;)A。而且正在遭受新冠肺炎大流行的折磨%v8[ya^_RK。该国石油出口的价格很低|w7V@rU6I[Mq@^。而且背负着非常严厉的制裁J@u.^eu_6#3[VUA。如果伊朗出击,制裁很可能继续存在,经济也可能会变得更糟Q*csPE3V4_
加西亚-纳瓦罗:格雷格,目前我们了解到了哪些信息?现在已经确定以色列要对此负责吗?以色列盟友美国有是否也参与其中?
迈尔:今天伊朗媒体报道称,伊朗官员表示,暗杀所使用的武器与以色列有关,可能是远程发射,不一定是由现场人员发射的uV0)k_jjXyOQD。以色列对此不予置评Su9t^f1Srso^u1。然而,以色列总理本雅明·内塔尼亚胡曾在2018年的一场演讲中提到科学家法赫里扎德,他说,记住这个名字noj,y9iqsC5~7VkDuPM。人们普遍认为,以色列是2010年至2012年期间伏击杀害核科学家的幕后黑手A!X006y=Ay%XX5Vbc。那美国扮演了什么角色?伊朗目前并没有指责美国,也没有任何信息表明美国牵涉其中CExHlDiF;MaKqLr4VB00。但我们应该注意到,特朗普总统曾在今年1月下令空袭一位更有名的伊朗人物——卡西姆·苏莱曼尼将军KIgnll.xx-[_ry。他在前往伊拉克的途中被杀害%QT@j%sJwUN
加西亚-纳瓦罗:bXhHn~YL3.K。我们知道,特朗普总统两年前退出了伊朗核协议xEqq^YEQvdzP,!。当选总统乔·拜登表示,他愿意重新签署这项协议vB#DNGUb%A)v。无论美国是否参与其中,这起暗杀会否令外交更加艰难?这会束缚住拜登吗?
迈尔:没错,这绝对会令外交变得更艰难)|_nAjNm,8+uls1。有人猜测这就是袭击的目的0fPL,9fF#qqk。特朗普和内塔尼亚胡都反对核协议VX6RQt9)|v(5。他们不希望该协议复活jpQjJ~yesxnH+。现在,拜登很可能在明年1月上任时保持同样的立场(jr5=5aNUD。我们只能对伊朗持观望态度KA8zEvS#3]t#qIcX&。伊朗一直在储存低浓度浓缩铀R+I[kM&oWz.gbKQi1。他们必须放弃这一行为才能重返协议OS=QKoA[*MO。而伊朗的很多强硬派都会反对这件事mlM^c*x,caxbrIW,!
加西亚-纳瓦罗:以上是NPR新闻的格雷格·迈尔带来的报道0vw63|uC*h6B]sXEd。非常谢谢你rL*DWkP4#s3K6c|Bh,y
迈尔:不客气Al#GWU(ze3oGNc.p

&3UdB5EI8W

译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

~@I%qUD7tgM,8Xh|EZ)E

]fZsjk]r;)8Zy_79

重点讲解

cCLZATDRQ;xFC.

RYZ[.Qh|GpV-h!

重点讲解:
1. hit back 还击;(向…)还手;
British Rail immediately hit back with their own cheap fares scheme.
英国铁路公司马上推出自己的低票价方案予以反击Otg|v!3IYDZW]q
2. suffer from (因疾病或处于其他不利境地而)受苦,受难,受折磨;
Many immigrants suffer from a sense of alienation.
许多移民因感到不容于社会而苦恼d0T)%Ip.KOF
3. lash out (用武器或手脚)迅猛攻击,殴打;
Riot police fired in the air and lashed out with clubs to disperse hundreds of demonstrators.
防暴警察朝天开枪并挥舞警棍驱散数百名示威者~EEe0(v7kd9
4. pull out of 退出,撤出(协议、比赛或组织);
The World Bank should pull out of the project.
世界银行应从该项目中撤出]MHOE*!R;BH@1&!LBm

M-FeT=(dNE

i~jw[8!|r-60&RRAbF2.M1wkYbaX@E-s.6t,Rtu_9F3&ovG
分享到