VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国开启总统权力过渡进程
日期:2020-12-01 09:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Approval for Transition Gives Biden Team Government Resources
The U.S. government on Monday recognized President-elect Joe Biden as the "apparent winner" of the November 3 election. The move officially lets the transition of power begin. It comes after President Donald Trump spent weeks attempting to overturn election results with baseless claims of cheating.
The process began after General Services Administrator Emily Murphy gave permission to Biden to work with federal agencies ahead of his inauguration on January 20.
Trump has not yet admitted defeat and promised to continue his legal fight over the election results. However, he wrote on Twitter Monday that he was directing his team to cooperate with the transition.
Murphy, explaining her decision, noted "recent developments involving legal challenges and certifications of election results."
She acted after Michigan on Monday certified Biden's victory in the state and a federal judge in Pennsylvania dismissed a Trump campaign case that sought to prevent certification in that state.
An increasing number of Republicans have been publicly recognizing Biden's victory, after weeks of supporting Trump in disputing the voting results.
Yohannes Abraham leads the Biden transition team. He said the team can now begin to attack the problems facing the nation, "including getting the pandemic under control and our economy back on track."
Murphy, a Trump appointee, had faced criticism for failing to open the transition process sooner. The delay prevented Biden and his team from working with government officials on plans for his administration. The delay also blocked them from secret national security materials and hurt the team's ability to make plans for dealing with the health crisis.
In her letter to Biden Monday, Murphy said she acted on her own.
"Please know that I came to my decision independently, based on the law and available facts. I was never directly or indirectly pressured by any Executive Branch official — including those who work at the White House or GSA — with regard to the substance or timing of my decision," she wrote.
Trump tweeted shortly after Murphy's decision: "We will keep up the good fight and I believe we will prevail!" But the post also said that he had advised the GSA official and her team, as well as his own, to carry out usual transition duties.
The GSA will now release $6.3 million to Biden's transition team, as well as 16,000 square meters of federal office space. This includes secure areas where Biden and his team can receive sensitive intelligence information.
Most recent presidents-elect have had about 77 days between their election win and their first day in office. Biden's team will have 57 days.
In the year 2000, the GSA delayed offering promised support to a president-elect because of a vote recount that took place in Florida. That recount was finalized on December 13.
That gave the team of incoming President George W. Bush less time and support ahead of Bush's first day in office.
An official report said the shortened transition period made the nation less prepared for the September 11 terror attacks that took place in Bush's first year in office.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

重点解析

1.attacks n.袭击

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The opposition leader has intensified his attacks on the government.
反对派领袖加强了对政府的攻击v*RT*Hjw*6|wo8Iq=

2.intelligence n. 智力;情报

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She first moved into the intelligence services 22 years ago
22年前她初次进入情报部门KI]AF_#_9V!arc,.

3.federal adj.联邦的

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He proposes that businesses should pay taxes to the federal government.
他提议企业应该向联邦政府纳税^G6itbe~zlp~h_rZ%@k

4.transition n.过渡

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Ex-soldiers can be disorientated by the transition to civilian life.
退伍军人开始平民生活可能会感到茫然Ld^m-|O8-N+~0,,D0

5.An official report said the shortened transition period made the nation less prepared for the September 11 terror attacks that took place in Bush's first year in office.

took place 发生

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Their marriage took place in a local church.
他们的婚礼是在当地一所教堂里举行的jJyIpPBQvly
The exchange of prisoners took place this morning.
今天早上交换了俘虏,1#%mY~[^VDZBNYz7

6.An official report said the shortened transition period made the nation less prepared for the September 11 terror attacks that took place in Bush's first year in office.

in office 执政;在位

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How long has he been in office?
他任职多久了?
His last months in office were marred by failing health.
由于健康恶化,他最后几个月的公职工作受到了影响Mqx2(WQpt3L@SJ@Ct6g

参考译文

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美国开启总统权力过渡进程
美国政府周一承认候任总统乔·拜登是11月3日大选“明显的胜者=3^z!n3FW9t。”此举标志着总统权利过渡的正式开启y~qnD;N&1ePTY。在此之前,特朗普总统花费了数周试图以毫无根据的作弊指控来推翻选举结果b8Csiyv4*cq)S4
这一过程是在美国总务管理局局长艾米莉·墨菲(Emily Murphy)允许拜登在1月20日就职前与联邦机构合作后开启的3tx#UVmSp0SDYrhcDpP^
特朗普尚未承认败选,并承诺将继续就选举结果提起法律诉讼5gM]t_!3|~5qe*2。然而,他周一在推特上写道,他正指示团队配合权力过渡aTejsS,U[bdg~.Y^gqX
墨菲在解释这一决定时提到了“法律诉讼和大选结果认证的最新进展jFMglQGAEIqOhF(K。”
在她做出决定前,密歇根州于周一认证了拜登在该州的胜选,宾夕法尼亚州一位联邦法官驳回了特朗普竞选团队试图阻止该州认证大选结果的诉讼&k5;ykYy.KO

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美国开启总统权力过渡进程.jpg
在支持特朗普对大选结果提出异议的几周之后,越来越多共和党人公开承认拜登的胜选neJ@!Z5ymE_%%
约翰内斯·亚伯拉罕(Yohannes Abraham)领导着拜登的过渡团队3pvMDi*Hfl@-T!E。他说,该团队现在可以开始解决美国面临的问题,“包括控制新冠疫情以及让美国经济重回正轨8@CQKkwOSS0KD。”
特朗普任命的墨菲因未能尽早开启过渡进程而受到批评9FjD9WV=k]g4&)%rd_0Q。这一推迟导致拜登及其团队无法与政府官员合作制定他的执政计划U[=oINy07riMLWUo。他们也因此无法获得秘密的国家安全材料,并损害了该团队制定应对健康危机计划的能力PIp&LcWwD[oNG*
墨菲在周一写给拜登的信中表示,她只是按照自身意愿行事x@M|w17Dso6-2
她写道:“请知悉,本人是根据法律和现有事实独立地做出决定izw!Yis]-Zv^5,s]mZ。关于我做出决定,以及决定的时间,本人从未受到任何行政部门官员(包括在白宫或美国总务管理局中工作人员)直接或间接施加的压力)W8)#Ki9Qc0xvI#cn。”
在墨菲的决定发出后不久,特朗普在推特上表示:“我们会继续努力Fe|kK!pJag。相信我们会胜利!”但是特朗普在推文中也表示,他已经建议墨菲及其团队,以及他自己的团队履行常规的过渡时期的职责)]UM,KvJ#Eg|NNrbwEz
美国总务管理局将向拜登的过渡团队发放630万美元资金,以及提供1.6万平方米的联邦办公场地.OvkedJXn~JdSj。其中包括拜登及其团队可接收敏感情报信息的安全区域R%cgOQwKj._vwx^%wz
最近几届候任总统在大选获胜到第一天上任大约有77天时间RNugrR;[^PaL。拜登的团队将会有57天时间-XDJu)aO)41lA
在2000年,美国总务管理局推迟了向候任总统提供承诺的支持,因为佛罗里达州重新进行了计票7*knE(RVfpT6aogWLbA。那次重新计票于12月13日完成U%-%y#*y6o
此举导致即将上任的小布什总统团队在上任前只获得了很少的时间和支持bbEzQs7sIv2O
一份官方报告称,过渡期缩短导致美国对小布什执政第一年发生的911恐怖袭击准备不充分p%i]=S=PC[A[Top
阿什利·汤普森为您播报MI[X3puvwW+!XHo4sG

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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