VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):感恩节的由来
日期:2020-12-01 08:51

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Next, an editorial reflecting American ideals and institutions.

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Sometime between September 21 and November 11, 1621, 53 English men, women and children were joined by some 90 native American tribesmen in a feast to give thanks for their first harvest in their new home, the Plymouth Colony in today’s Massachusetts. They had much to be thankful for. Just one year earlier, in mid-November 1620, they were part of a group of 102 colonists and 30 crew who reached the shores of North America aboard a ship named Mayflower. They were Puritans, religious separatists who were considered to be radicals, and therefore illegal by the government of England, their home country. Tired of persecution in Europe, they were headed for the Colony of Virginia. But the winter weather forced them to drop anchor on Cape Cod, over 350 kilometers (220 miles) north east of their chosen destination. Nonetheless, the hopeful colonists decided to settle on the mainland just across bay from their original anchorage on Cape Cod and began to set up a community wherein they could live according to their own religious beliefs.

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That first year was hard and came close to ending the colony before it took root. Within a year, nearly half of the 102 colonists were dead due to starvation, disease and the harsh weather conditions. But the summer brought a good harvest, and in autumn, 22 men, 4 women, 9 adolescent boys, 5 adolescent girls and 13 young children sat down to celebrate with their native Wampanoag neighbors. Massachusetts was not the first to claim that their state was the first to celebrate Thanksgiving. Numerous historical documents indicate that Spanish explorers and other English Colonists celebrated religious services of thanksgiving in Florida, Texas, Maine, and Virginia long before 1620. However, these were isolated local celebrations that did not survive the test of time. So, thanks to vigorous lobbying by the State of Massachusetts, modern Thanksgiving was first officially established in all states in 1863, by a presidential proclamation of Abraham Lincoln. The observance was moved to the fourth week in November by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Thanksgiving began as a prayer of gratitude by emigrants who, if not for the support of their native neighbors, would most likely have not survived their first year in North America. Today, although Thanksgiving is traditionally a gatherings of family and friends, the threat to life and health by the Covid-19 pandemic will see many celebrate home alone, once again offering their gratitude for a chance at a bright future.

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That was an editorial reflecting American ideals and institutions.

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VOA译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载~a(#D3_)Q&Ev]zD3o0~

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重点解析

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1. be thankful for 对…感激

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With time, you will come to be thankful for everything about your experience.

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随着时间的推移,你会对你经历的一切心存感激]k]uxSE;Uf)BqYk

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2. settle on 选择,选定

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I finally settled on a Mercedes estate.

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我最后决定买一辆梅塞德斯客货两用车!dSx1c@]Mm+[vUsn-j

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参考翻译

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以下是一篇反映美国理想与制度的社论s_bpMre4R+oBUBa8B

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1621年9月21日至11月11日之间的某个时候,53名英国男性、女性和儿童与大约90名美洲土著部落成员一起参加了一场盛宴,以感谢他们在新家园,也就是今天的马萨诸塞州的普利茅斯殖民地,所获得的第一个丰收[t)dm~J;9&_sE。他们有很多值得感激的事kPJ&;Y[ORe6r。就在一年前,也就是1620年11月中旬,102名殖民者以及30名船员一起乘坐”五月花号”,抵达北美海岸,他们也是其中成员gz8DpAsCX93Uh(MK。他们是清教徒,是宗教分裂主义者,被认为是激进分子,因此被他们的祖国英格兰的政府视为非法之徒&%,wR=aIK!WQ0。他们厌倦了欧洲的迫害生活,于是前往弗吉尼亚殖民地&Jzp([RrN~to;。但寒冬迫使他们在科德角抛锚,这里位于他们选择的目的地东北方,距离更是超过350公里(220英里)[HKXsJ01EjI5。尽管如此,满怀希望的殖民者还是决定在与科德角最初的锚地隔着一个海湾的大陆定居,并开始建立一个可根据自己的宗教信仰生活的社区lUbNHU4&J-

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第一年很艰难,殖民地在扎根之前几乎就要面临崩溃]Hkl&iDW~5A0NJ0。在一年之内,102个殖民者中有将近一半死于饥饿、疾病和恶劣的气候#Sc^+*|HuRL。但是夏季有了好收成,到了秋天,22个男人、4个女人、9个青春期的男孩、5个青春期的女孩和13名儿童坐下来和他们的邻居,当地的万帕诺亚格人一起庆祝gFU84=s)d&L-。马萨诸塞州并不是第一个宣称他们是第一个庆祝感恩节的州24DLdLu^YgZLcm|#*d1。大量的历史文献表明,早在1620年以前,西班牙探险家和其他英国殖民者就在佛罗里达、德克萨斯、缅因州和弗吉尼亚举行过感恩节的宗教仪式*9v#Bk;n&]d(-。然而,这些都是孤立的当地庆祝活动,没有经受住时间的考验A9j^+;2SJd=F;@S,b。因此,在马萨诸塞州的大力游说下,1863年,亚伯拉罕·林肯的总统宣言首次在所有州正式确立了现代感恩节7HpH@n^Oe.D0Q-h。罗斯福总统将庆祝活动订在11月的第四个星期Zb*~#x-Z__HL[T8;gxF。感恩节开始于移民们的感恩祈祷,如果没有他们的土著邻居的支持,他们很可能活不过在北美的第一年UqN)q8,;2g*~rVHb9B[1。今天,虽然感恩节传统上是家人和朋友的聚会,但由于新冠疫情对生命和健康的威胁,许多人将独自在家庆祝,再次表达他们对拥有光明未来的机会的感激之情yLk8Thn8Xl!5)

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这是一篇反映美国理想与制度的社论u|Qr;&eYe)lp;Wg,7

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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