Measles Cases and Deaths Increasing Worldwide
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that measles cases and deaths have increased around the world since 2016. The United Nations agency reports that the disease infected almost 870,000 last year, and killed more than 207,000. That is a 50 percent increase from 2016 levels.
The WHO says the failure to vaccinate children is the main cause of the increase. The organization says an estimated 95 percent of the population must be fully vaccinated to prevent measles from spreading. But, vaccination coverage has been 70 percent to 85 percent around the world, the WHO reports.
Reported cases of measles are lower this year than last. But the WHO says the coronavirus outbreak interfered with vaccination efforts.
Natasha Crowcroft is the WHO's senior technical advisor for measles and rubella. She told VOA that different plans are needed to prevent new measles outbreaks in the time of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.
"The Number One action we need to take is to prevent outbreaks from happening in countries where we have got the highest risks...and there are several where there is not the ability to be able to put the health system in place to be able to rely on," she said.
Crowcroft says countries where usual vaccinations for children were happening will recover quickly from delays during this difficult period. She says weak countries will continue to be at risk of deadly outbreaks unless fast action is taken.
The WHO reports more than 94 million people are at risk of missing vaccines because nationwide campaigns have been stopped in 26 countries. This led to huge outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar.
Eight of the 26 countries have now restarted their campaigns. They include Brazil, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Nepal, Nigeria, the Philippines and Somalia.
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2.vaccine n. 疫苗
At present, no widely approved vaccine exists for malaria.
She wrote him several poems.
No one doubted his ability.
5.The WHO reports more than 94 million people are at risk of missing vaccines because nationwide campaigns have been stopped in 26 countries.
at risk of 冒...的风险
He saved three children alive at risk of his life.
Everybody who goes into this region, whoever they are, is at risk of being taken hostage.
6.There are several where there is not the ability to be able to put the health system in place to be able to rely on.
rely on 依赖
We don't rely on blessings from Heaven.
I know I can rely on you to sort it out.
世界卫生组织报告称，自2016年以来，世界各地的麻疹病例和死亡人数都有所增加。该联合国机构报告称，去年有近87万人感染了这种疾病，死亡人数超过20.7万人 。比2016年的水平增加了50% 。
世卫组织表示，未能给儿童接种疫苗是导致病例增加的主要原因。该组织表示，估计95%的人口必须完全接种疫苗才能防止麻疹传播 。但是，世卫组织报告称，全世界的疫苗接种覆盖率为70%到85% 。
娜塔莎·克劳罗夫特（Natasha Crowcroft）是世卫组织麻疹和风疹高级技术顾问。她对美国之音表示，需要不同的计划来防止新冠病毒引起的新冠疫情期间的新一轮麻疹爆发 。