VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):澳大利亚呼吁进行气候风险评估
日期:2020-11-03 16:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Australia Wildfires Investigation Calls for Climate Risk Assessment
Wildfires destroyed large parts of southeast Australia during the second half of 2019 and early in 2020. Late last week, Australian investigators released an official report on the fires. The investigators for greater efforts to predict the effects of climate change on the country. The report noted that fire behavior was becoming more extreme.
The Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements began studying the fires in February.
The fire season was so destructive that it is now known as Black Summer. The fires killed at least 33 people, destroyed more than 3,000 homes and burned 19 million hectares. Thousands of people were forced to leave affected areas.
The Royal Commission said the smoke that covered much of the country, including major Australian cities, was partly to blame for hundreds of deaths.
The commission's 578-page report made 80 suggestions. They include greater sharing of information across Australia on climate and disaster risks.
The report said federal and state governments should make climate projections and agree on trajectories and timelines for likely climate change. It called on states to create fire maps that are shared nationally. Without this cooperation, the report said, it is "difficult to measure risk at a national scale."
These measures will "improve the ability to predict or estimate the likelihood of extreme" wildfires, the report said.
Mark Howden is a professor at the Australian National University's Climate Change Institute. He said the fire risk in some areas was a result of both fuel loads and climate. A fuel load is the amount of dead wood that can easily burn.
Climate models were "a guide to future change and risk, but it's very clear across Australia that that change in risk is upward," Howden said. "So, it's a question...how quickly and how much that fire danger increases."
Lawmakers in Australia's government have argued against the effect of climate change on the fire emergency. Some said the fires were set by arsonists.
The report also said there was no question that more climate change is likely over the next 20 years. It also said the number of floods and fires will increase.
Former New South Wales state Fire and Rescue Commissioner Greg Mullins agreed with the report's look at climate change.
"The main point made in this report is that the Black Summer bushfires would not have happened if not for the effects of climate change and a warming planet," he said.
The report also recommended that Australia develop its own aerial firefighting abilities and send water bombers to where they are needed most. The country now brings in firefighting airplanes from the Northern Hemisphere during its fire season. But, as a result of climate change, fire seasons in the two hemispheres often happen at the same time now.
The report said that the prime minister should be given new legal power to declare a state of emergency. This, it said, would make it easier for the federal government to act during the wildfire season.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.arsonist n.纵火者

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People will criticize you for rescuing the arsonist.
人们会批评你救了纵火犯,kYGmiQY8pDyRlq2o30y

2.Commissioner n. 委员

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He lauded the work of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
他高度赞扬了联合国难民事务高级专员的工作W~BUO[;#j[@DPpZ*=

3.extreme adj.极端的

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This extreme view hasn't captured popular opinion.
这种偏激的观点未被大众接受=l;u+jV-HX5=B~W

4.hemisphere n.半球

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They say God spoke to them and told them to go on a mission to the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.
他们说上帝让他们去西半球最贫困的国家传播教义Br@ya2p_F=hk#dYZyW0

5.But, as a result of climate change, fire seasons in the two hemispheres often happen at the same time now.

at the same time 同时

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I was afraid of her, but at the same time I really liked her.
我害怕她,但同时也确实喜欢她=%mCHqy,8b]IC
It's impossible to get everybody together at the same time.
让所有人同时聚在一起是不可能的;NVnFgjXB4]f@q]]S

6.But, as a result of climate change, fire seasons in the two hemispheres often happen at the same time now.

as a result of 由于

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Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
几百万人因干旱和歉收而受到饥饿的威胁W=pklYjt)a_r#[-EeAV
None of the banks changed their posture on the deal as a result of the inquiry.
没有一家银行因为这次调查而对该交易改变立场ecA7riwja67&1w

参考译文

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澳大利亚呼吁进行气候风险评估
在2019年下半年和2020年初,野火烧毁了澳大利亚东南部的大部分地区mbqP2AItky。上周晚些时候,澳大利亚调查人员发布了一份关于火灾的官方报告ZMYA1+MA.-Twe。研究人员希望投入更多努力来预测气候变化对这个国家的影响BlQBRXX#4t%E]dYqBD。报告指出,火灾行为变得愈发极端f-+0Ht0B3FQ&|]DyJgbs
负责调查国家自然灾害的皇家委员会在二月份开始研究火灾EcZwqDW!;P;_
这场火灾季造成的破坏规模之大,以至于被人们称为“黑色夏天”8z_g]=VH@Szl7,Ch。大火造成至少33人死亡,摧毁了3000多座房屋,烧毁了1900万公顷的土地XWEC0%|&M-BJ&。数千人被迫迁离受灾地区Ql+&d(IUQg
皇家委员会表示,包括澳大利亚各大城市在内的澳洲大部分地区漂浮的烟尘是造成数百人死亡的部分原因_m9uEz8h-Kq
该委员会长达578页的报告提出了80条建议GdqAO[nPHJItWx_x49。其中包括在澳大利亚各地加强气候和灾害风险信息的共享=vQq[7y81,yZFL6

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澳大利亚呼吁进行气候风险评估.jpg
报告指出,联邦政府和州政府应该进行气候预测,并就可能发生的气候变化的轨迹和时间线达成一致g=j&D@u&F!Z+^(B!j890。报告呼吁各州创建全国共享的火灾地图GheEQ+.h.=y。报告还称,如果不这样合作,“很难在全国范围内评估风险”fky,PlDx1xi((19|9iaO
报告还指出,这些措施将“提高预测或评估发生极端火灾可能性的能力”p07j9oj5Wej|Nh
马克·豪登(Mark Howden)是澳大利亚国立大学气候变化研究所的教授(V,)9hY|h*_q64-G。他说,一些地区的火灾风险是由可燃物载量和气候双重因素造成的4MMc[^hM1BJNT。“可燃物载量”是指易燃的枯木量Cu0sDr8AI-t
气候模型是“未来变化和风险的指南,但很明显,整个澳大利亚的风险变化在上升,”豪登说道1w#GZ*0s1.eiMeTc@tn。“所以,这是一个问题……火灾危险增加的速度和程度XxNgYUQnO.cP。”
澳大利亚政府的立法者反对气候变化对火灾紧急情况的影响|bc%kE%kS4&*W.。一些人说,火灾是由纵火者所致7m[#TD1xdRU@R&x5
报告还指出,毫无疑问,未来20年气候变化可能会更频繁JgN%Vx5tB]ge[^kdV4。报告还表示,洪水和火灾的数量将会增加f5jsW-bt!JxK9Od+pL;
前新南威尔士州消防和救援专员格雷格·马林斯(Greg Mullins)同意这份报告对气候变化的见解3))g~VA+xEZMJ.=l-
他说:“这份报告的主要观点是,如果没有气候变化和全球变暖的影响,“黑色夏季”这场森林大火就不会发生PVQ3lZRzS|。”
报告还建议澳大利亚发展自身的空中灭火能力,并向最需要的地方派遣灭火飞机QP3GEjmgUg。该国现在在火灾季节从北半球引进灭火飞机f|gY|c.[jOL)R*Po。但是,由于气候变化,南、北半球的火灾季节经常同时发生nlm+[pAvIXLj
报告说,应该赋予总理宣布紧急状态的法律权力fy)vc^IcW!!nRyamXxJ,。报告称,这将使联邦政府更容易在火灾季节采取行动D).+kIQ&!K2fzxsl=
苏珊·尚德为您播报;WlltUwPx#fwDSl

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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