Attack on Afghan University Leaves at Least 22 Dead
Islamic State militants attacked Kabul University on Monday as it held a book fair attended by the Iranian ambassador. The attack led to an hours-long gun battle at the largest school in Afghanistan. When the fighting stopped, at least 22 people were dead, and 22 others wounded. Most of those who died were students.
The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attack. That information comes from the SITE Intelligence Group, which studies online messaging from groups suspected of terrorist acts.
During the attack, students and teachers were seen fleeing the area around Kabul University's law and journalism schools. Afghan special forces surrounded the grounds of the school, leading teachers and students to safety.
Things quieted as the sun set over the Afghan capital. An Interior Ministry spokesman said three attackers were involved in the raid, and that all three were killed.
The Islamic State, or IS, said it targeted newly graduated "judges and investigators belonging to the apostate Afghan government."
An IS statement claimed only two of its fighters were involved, which conflicted with the Afghan spokesman's report of three attackers. The group did not say they planned to target the Iranian official or the book fair.
It was the second attack on an educational institution in Kabul in two weeks. On October 24, IS claimed responsibility for attacking a learning center in Dasht-e-Barchi, a mostly Shiite neighborhood of Kabul. At least 24 students were killed in that attack. Over 100 others were wounded.
Five hours into the fighting on Monday, explosions and automatic weapons could be heard down the empty streets surrounding the university's fenced grounds. Afghan troops stood guard.
Ahmad Samim, a university student, told reporters he saw militants armed with pistols and Kalashnikov assault weapons firing at the school.
Afghan media reported that a book fair was being held at the university. Several high-level officials were attending the event at the time of the shooting. None of them were reportedly hurt.
Afghan officials refused to comment on the book fair. But Iran's semiofficial ISNA news agency reported Sunday that Iranian Ambassador Bahador Aminian and cultural representative Mojtaba Noroozi were to open the event. More than 40 Iranian publishers were to take part. Iranian state television reported that the attack took place, but did not offer information on the Iranian officials.
Iranian diplomats have been targeted in Afghanistan in the past. The incidents dangerously increased tensions between the two countries. In 1998, Iran held the Taliban responsible for the deaths of nine Iranian diplomats working in its consulate in northern Afghanistan. Iran sent military reinforcements to its 950-kilometer-long border with Afghanistan.
The IS-allied group in Afghanistan has declared war on the country's minority Shiite Muslims and claimed responsibility for many attacks since 2014. An attack earlier this year on a Kabul maternity hospital — also in the Dasht-e-Barchi neighborhood — was blamed on the Islamic State group. In that attack, militants killed 25 people, many of them newborn babies and mothers.
Schools have also been targeted in past attacks. Last year, a bombing just outside of Kabul University killed eight people. In 2016, gunmen attacked the American University in Kabul, killing 13.
I'm Ashley Thompson.
We have viewed the video recording of the incident.
2.reinforcements n. 增援部队
Only about a third of the reinforcements will be regular troops.
We were accused of being militant left-wingers.
The ambassador appealed for a change in U.S. policy.
5.More than 40 Iranian publishers were to take part.
take part 参加
We had the devil's own job to persuade him to take part.
We would appreciate confirmation of your refusal of our invitation to take part.
6.At least 24 students were killed in that attack.
At least 至少
He's been away for at least a week.
I hope at least my daughter was able to offer you some useful pointers.
伊斯兰国激进分子周一袭击了喀布尔大学，当时该校正在举办一场书展，伊朗大使出席了这次展会 。这次袭击在这所阿富汗最大学校引起长达一个小时的枪战 。枪战结束后，至少有22人死亡，另有22人受伤 。遇难者多数为学生 。
伊斯兰国组织声称对这次袭击负责 。这些信息来自于SITE情报小组，该小组研究涉恐组织的网络信息 。
在这次袭击中，喀布尔大学法学院和新闻学院附近的师生们四散奔逃 。阿富汗特种部队包围了学校，护送师生们到安全地带 。
太阳落山后，喀布尔恢复了平静 。阿富汗内政部发言人表示，有三名袭击者参与了这场袭击，三人均被击毙 。
伊斯兰国发表声明称，只有两名战士参加了行动，与阿富汗发言人报告的3名袭击者有出入 。该组织并没有提到他们计划针对伊朗官员或是书展 。
这是喀布尔两周来发生的第二起针对教育机构的袭击 。10月24日，伊斯兰国组织宣称对喀布尔市达什特·巴赤区的一处学习中心的袭击负责，这里的居民大部分为什叶派 。至少有24名学生在那次袭击中遇难 。另有100多人受伤 。
在周一的枪战发生5个小时后，在该大学围栏外的空旷街道上仍然传来爆炸声和枪响 。阿富汗军队驻守在现场 。
阿富汗媒体报道称，该大学当时正在举办一次书展 。枪击事件发生时，几名高级官员正在参加活动 。据报道他们都没有受伤 。
阿富汗官员拒绝对这次书展发表评论 。但伊朗半官方性质的伊朗学生通讯社周日报道称，伊朗大使巴哈多·阿米尼安和文化代表莫吉塔巴·诺鲁兹将为这次活动揭幕 。有40多家伊朗出版商将参展 。伊朗国家电视台报道称发生了袭击，但是没有提供有关伊朗官员的消息 。
伊朗外交官过去在阿富汗一直是袭击目标 。这些事件严重地加剧了两国之间的紧张关系 。1998年，伊朗要求塔利班对9名驻阿富汗北部领事馆的伊朗外交官的死亡负责 。伊朗向同阿富汗交界的950公里长的边境增派了部队 。
自2014年以来，与伊斯兰国结盟的阿富汗组织已经对该国占少数的什叶派穆斯林宣战，并宣称对多起袭击事件负责 。今年早些时候，喀布尔一家妇产医院也遭到伊斯兰国组织的袭击，这家医院同样位于达什特·巴赤区 。在那次袭击中，激进分子杀害了25人，其中多数遇难者是新生儿和产妇 。
学校也是以往袭击事件的目标 。去年，喀布尔大学外发生的炸弹爆炸导致8人死亡 。2016年，枪手袭击了喀布尔美国大学，造成13人死亡 。