VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):智利公投通过修宪提案
日期:2020-10-28 09:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Chilean Voters Approve Plan to Rewrite Constitution
Voters in Chile have approved a plan to rewrite the country's constitution.
Chileans voted Sunday on a proposal to replace the current constitution. Election officials reported that about 78 percent of voters supported creation of a new system of laws, while 22 percent were opposed.
Chile's Electoral Service reported Sunday night that 7.4 million votes had been counted, with nearly all voting stations reporting results.
Under the proposal, a group of 155 Chileans would be chosen next year to write up the new constitution. The document would be offered to voters for approval in a special election in 2022.
Chile's current constitution was approved during the rule of General Augusto Pinochet. It became the law of the land at a time when political parties were banned, and the government enforced heavy censorship. That constitution was approved by 66 percent of voters in 1980. But critics say many Chileans felt pressured at the time to accept it. The government was known to have arrested or killed suspected political opponents following the overthrow of the elected president, Salvador Allende.
Sunday's vote came after hundreds of thousands of Chileans repeatedly took to the streets in protests that often turned violent.
The vote was to take place in April but was delayed because of the COVID-19 health crisis. The pandemic has killed about 13,800 Chileans this year.
President Sebastian Pinera is urging Chileans to unite behind a new constitution that can provide "a home for everyone." The document should include "the legacy of past generations, the will of present generations and the hopes of generations to come," Pinera said.
Among issues likely to be considered are recognition of Chile's indigenous Mapuche, stronger rights for workers and privatized systems for healthcare, education and retirement.
In the capital, Santiago, tens of thousands of people took to the streets to celebrate Sunday night. One celebrant, Paulina León, told The Associated Press the election results demonstrated the will of the people who had taken part in earlier protests.
"I was part of the marches a year ago and I have to take care of my decision and help build a dignified constitution."
Felipe Caviedes also celebrated the results. "I am part of the social diversity that was marginalized 30 years in this country and now, at last, we can create it ourselves. Now there are real changes coming," he said.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.document n.文件

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The policeman wanted to see all our documents.
警察想查看我们所有的证件bM0bz=rFrmmP4n4uT

2.protest n. 抗议

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I regret that the United States has added its voice to such protests
我很遗憾美国也加入了这一抗议的行列%=+#is6CTjG

3.social adj.社会的

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The guests came from all social backgrounds.
客人们来自各个社会阶层[Rb1#K=a7nxt_AQ|

4.diversity n.多样性

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His object is to gather as great a diversity of material as possible.
他的目标就是尽可能多地搜集各种材料qaPm4yEwD|6XDPOb!P-

5.Under the proposal, a group of 155 Chileans would be chosen next year to write up the new constitution.

a group of 一组

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Suddenly the door opened and a group of children burst in.
门突然打开,闯进了一群孩子K6y*C!~+yWYZ&
I came across a group of children playing.
我碰到一群正在玩耍的小孩2[@GmmDs.|;O8Z

6.I am part of the social diversity that was marginalized 30 years in this country and now, at last, we can create it ourselves.

at last 最后;终于

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The case came to an end at last.
这案子终于完结了38%8GSKnyEWb
I'm so glad that we've found you at last!
我们终于找到你了,我真是太高兴了!

参考译文

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智利公投通过修宪提案
智利选民已经批准了一项修改该国宪法的方案B;MD*v.aRCCR
智利人民周日对一项取代现行宪法的提案进行了投票AlHfFKnpS#;i7w。选举官员报告称,大约78%的选民支持建立新的法律体系,22%的选民表示反对#H|kFJXt-XDLg=iPw
智利选举服务机构周日晚上报告称,已经统计了740万张选票,几乎所有的投票站都报告了结果dL1X(qvRnOYUrHh
根据这项提案,明年将选出155名智利人起草新宪法!W*F7!iJsyFL5。这些文件将在2022年的一次特别选举中交由选民投票通过7iC7=rwr,U|XuokMM3p
智利现行宪法是在皮诺切特将军执政期间通过的Ivg~-JfzakrgC#。该宪法通过时正值政党被禁,政府实施严格审查制度的时期yaTZ0uW&Y18rM。1980年,这部宪法获得了66%选民的支持Q2S3iz;!Ox_。但是批评家表示,当时许多智利人对接受这部宪法感到有压力Y9rIwZS6F@AhPehXG%*。在推翻民选总统萨尔瓦多·阿连德之后,政府以逮捕或谋害政治对手而闻名&Ff5-c&JKYx

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智利公投通过修宪提案.jpg
在周日的投票之前,数万名智利人屡次走上街头抗议,抗议活动经常演变为暴力*Z&jEFp.oZh+-
这次投票原定于4月份举行,但是由于新冠肺炎健康危机而被推迟QAjEO6.#a-||DG。这次大流行已经造成了大约1.38万智利人死亡]^JQS@ad9aC(rw@~4
智利总统塞巴斯蒂安·皮涅拉督促智利人民团结起来支持一项可实现“安居乐业”的新宪法.H*6GRgBOd-b。皮涅拉表示,这部宪法应该包含“过去几代人的遗产、当代人的意愿以及后代人的希望^;xBPgM#pXld6R=^Uf^。”
宪法中可能要考虑到的问题包括承认智利土著马普切人,强化工人权利,以及医保、教育和退休的私有化制度4]ZV8gplaBa|
周日晚上,在首都圣地亚哥,数万人走上街头庆祝Iy4Y2&4Y9h#~dP。参与庆祝活动的宝琳娜·利昂对美联社表示,选举结果显示了参与早期抗议活动的人们的意愿sBTwty8BPwWZ*&
“一年前我参加了游行,我必须慎重考虑我的决定,并帮助建立有尊严的宪法luap0bcd[kuU2IpC[。”
菲利普·卡维德斯也庆祝了这一选举结果bmaKtMf~o=ObR[G!fP。他说:“我是这个国家被边缘化30年的社会多样性的一份子s##MeDNW#7NLh[V@jo;1。现在我们终于可以自己创造(宪法)了_PYJFkrV[k4T5Q(I。现在,真正的变革即将到来Lrqe_I5Oqo_o。”
布莱恩·林恩为您播报Fg-j~zD9aute5

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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