VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):航空公司将对乘客进行快速新冠检测
日期:2020-09-29 16:42

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Airlines Seek Quick Coronavirus Tests for Passengers
European airlines are aiming to give passengers quick, pre-flight coronavirus tests in an effort to get more travelers to start flying again.
The tests could produce results in as little as 15 minutes. The airlines hope the effort will help convince passengers that flying is safe during the continuing health crisis.
Germany's Lufthansa is in talks with Swiss drug company Roche over deploying the so-called antigen tests, the Reuters news agency reported. Several airlines are planning to make the tests available to passengers as early as next month, Reuters said.
Officials for Italy's Alitalia told Reuters that the airline had added two flights from Milan to Rome that only accept passengers with negative coronavirus tests. Those flights are in addition to two it is already offering from Rome to Milan.
Alitalia says health officials give the tests at the airport. The tests are included in ticket prices. The airline also said it plans to offer more antigen-tested flights within Italy and internationally if they prove to be popular and safe.
Unlike the more commonly used laboratory-based molecular tests for COVID-19, antigen tests do not require machines to process. Much like pregnancy tests, they can produce results in about 15 minutes.
However, the tests require collection of a nasal sample that can be unpleasant. They also have higher error rates than the molecular, or PCR, tests. Antigen tests generally produce more "false negatives," which could lead to some sick people getting on planes.
An increasing number of antigen tests are becoming available from companies including Abbott Laboratories, Becton, Dickinson and Company, Quidel and Roche.
Quick antigen tests that can be given by non-medical workers are expected to be available in the coming weeks, said Alexandre de Juniac. He is head of the International Air Transport Association. He added that the tests could cost as little as $7 each.
Airlines have been pressing governments to come up with new safety measures to ease widespread travel restrictions that were put in place after Europe started seeing a rise in cases.
Even though the tests are not perfect, airline companies hope they can help people feel safer about flying.
"It is to give ... confidence, at a specific point in time, that the result is positive or negative," said Christian Paulus, a Roche research and development manager. He added that because of possible errors with antigen tests, results would need to be confirmed in some cases using the PCR method.
A spokesman for Alitalia said none of its passengers who took the pre-flight antigen tests were positive. The airline said it plans to examine findings from its testing experiment in the middle of October before deciding whether to expand the program.
Lufthansa Chief Executive Carsten Spohr recently told employees that the airline was in talks with Roche over deploying the tests. A Lufthansa spokeswoman told Reuters the airline believes the tests would be a better solution "than putting somebody into quarantine."
Germany is considering wider antigen test use starting in October, including in nursing homes where older patients have been hardest hit by COVID-19.
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重点解析

1.solution n.解决方案

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I had already taken steps to speed up a solution to the problem.
我已经采取措施加快解决该问题V|2Ie34[fcB-+Zg

2.quarantine n. 隔离

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The quarantine is now abolished.
这项检疫措施现已取消#|,5U%H6EKfu

3.patient n.病人

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He specialized in treatment of cancer patients.
他是治疗癌症病人的专家U_sQ+]%|-Vb7d61_m

4.employee n.员工

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At the end of the probationary period you will become a permanent employee.
试用期结束后,你将成为长期雇员Vjf~+.o,E)e(

5.Airlines have been pressing governments to come up with new safety measures to ease widespread travel restrictions that were put in place after Europe started seeing a rise in cases.

come up with 提出

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The president was moved to come up with these suggestions after the hearings.
听证会促使总统想出了这些建议(!(FV~pRU2#!e)!
I don't think he can come up with any clever move.
我看他也没有什么高招b;#ucJoc(n

6.Airlines have been pressing governments to come up with new safety measures to ease widespread travel restrictions that were put in place after Europe started seeing a rise in cases.

put in place 实施

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The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
这项法令是在该国遭受了五天的全国性罢工后颁布的XBFjqn9^.(aRJbAqq
On the reforms front, China has put in place the basic structure for a market economy.
在改革方面,中国已经实施了市场经济的基本框架8xB6g^h~0uPx2

参考译文

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航空公司将对乘客进行快速新冠检测
欧洲航空公司希望为乘客提供一种飞行前的新冠病毒快速检测法,让更多旅客重新开始搭飞机出行(GNe%V.#KaA0m
这些测试仅需15分钟就能得出结果zMgH1RMhD#;NeN1f|(W。航空公司希望该措施能够帮助说服乘客,飞机出行在这次持续的健康危机中是安全的4Gl4q^d~=ARv4(_4
据路透社报道,德国的汉莎航空公司正在跟瑞士罗氏制药公司就部署所谓的抗原检测进行谈判El.ojMC&MR@BtsF。路透社表示,几家航空公司计划最早在下个月向乘客提供抗原检测NIgzW;ucPZgDSk.cF,A
意大利航空公司官员对路透社表示,该航空公司已经增加了两班从米兰到罗马的航班,只允许新冠病毒检测为阴性的乘客登机K_KdKtP-Wa^pS2Zu.a。这些航班是在现有的罗马到米兰两班航班的基础上增加的O[X9I,8UD6bhQ5@

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航空公司将对乘客进行快速新冠检测.jpg
意大利航空公司表示,卫生官员在机场进行抗原检测OczI(Jteiv+Nv4a.+(。检测费用已经包含在票价中C&fcqlnI_sr。该航空公司还表示,如果事实证明这种方式被乘客接受并且安全,该公司计划在意大利国内和国际航班中开展更多抗原检测|DcFsV)G+lzGQDRQw
与更常用的基于实验室的新冠肺炎分子检测不同,抗原检测不需要机器处理Y(t+2Tfpi8RJ#O4。就像验孕一样,可以在15分钟左右出结果0vR.]Lkr9]%~Hhml7Pf9
但是,这种检测需要收集鼻拭子,这一过程会让人不舒服uxIC68mTai#G)。它的错误率也比分子检测或核酸检测要高yB4ZJ-KpC!MY(h+|Ho。抗原检测通常会产生更多的“假阴性”,这可能会导致某些感染者登上飞机6~zd30ok_%aViL
越来越多的抗原检测试纸可以从雅培制药、巴德医疗、窥得儿医药以及罗氏制药等公司购买,bTIBbp4[dl%0@9E()
亚历山大·德朱尼亚克(Alexandre de Juniac)表示,预计在未来几周内有望由非医务人员进行快速抗原检测2_3qd=anRt)wr26)ChfF。他是国际航空运输协会的负责人s~]CJ1|y[[A。他还表示,每次检测的花费可能仅为7美元+~|(]kFka_Lb;BNfQ0
航空公司一直在督促各国政府采取新的安全措施,以缓解欧洲新冠确诊病例数量增加后实施的广泛旅行限制.[fCzgz(7po)i
即使这种检测不完美,航空公司还是希望能够帮助减轻人们对飞行安全的顾虑^8=6NffF!r
罗氏制药的研发经历克里斯蒂安·保卢斯表示:“它是在特定时间点给大家信心,结果是阳性或是阴性i-S)5|(-bqurZix。” 他还表示,由于抗原检测可能存在错误,某些情况下需要使用核酸检测对结果进行确认GnnL9uGe,W
意大利航空公司发言人表示,该公司所有接受飞行前抗原检测的乘客均未出现阳性DDV|WQPLULzPW~。该公司表示,计划在10月中旬对这次检测实验的结果进行核查,然后再决定是否扩大该项目4FiBKYZ*p*i&3gIwU39Q
汉莎航空公司首席执行官卡斯滕·斯波尔(Carsten Spohr)最近对员工表示,该公司正在与罗氏制药就部署抗原检测进行谈判Ylqz&~5JG5N3m6N2%B。德国汉莎航空公司的一位发言人对路透社表示,该公司认为,检测是比“隔离”更好的解决方案STdU[V8KYfhD-
德国正在考虑从10月开始扩大抗原检测的范围,包括养老院中进行抗原检测,老年患者是感染新冠肺炎最为严重的群体#tpKy)8CC0YHXZs
布莱恩·林恩为您播报71(jVY=@pT,

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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