VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):科学家观察1000万颗恒星未发现生命迹象
日期:2020-09-16 11:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A Look at 10 Million Stars Finds No Sign of Life Yet
Scientists have completed the largest search to date for signs of life outside of our solar system.
Using a radio telescope in Australia, scientists studied around 10.3 million stars. They did not find life - not yet, at least.
Researchers were looking for so-called "technosignatures" - communications signals that may come from alien beings.
Using the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) telescope in Western Australia, scientists searched for sound waves in the star system of Vela. The findings were published recently in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia.
Chenoa Tremblay is an astrophysicist with Australia's national science agency. Tremblay noted that the findings were "not surprising."
"The search for life outside of our solar system is a big challenge," Tremblay added. "We don't know when, how, where or what type of signal we may receive to get an indication that we are not alone in the galaxy."
The search was 100 times deeper and broader than ever before, noted astrophysicist Steven Tingay of Curtin University in Australia. Still, it involved few stars in the universe.
"Ten million stars does seem like a lot. However, our best evaluation is that there are around 100 billion stars (in the Milky Way galaxy). So we have only looked at about 0.001% of our galaxy," Tremblay said. "Pretend the oceans contained only 30 fish and we tried to look for them by testing an area the size of a backyard swimming pool. The chances of finding one of those fish would have been small."
Another kind of telescope, the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), promises to help search for technosignatures soon.
"What is important is ... always going deeper and further," Tingay said. "There is always that chance that the next observation will be the one that turns up something, even if you expect nothing. Science can be surprising, so the important thing is to keep looking."
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.backyard n. 后院

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He had an assemblage of old junk cars filling the backyard.
他曾经在后院堆满了废旧汽车ll6XQf_zczWssb%

2.universe n. 宇宙;世界

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Behind his eyes was a whole universe of pain.
他眼神中隐藏着无尽的痛楚_+]Lp3U%SC9^O

3.telescope n.望远镜

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The telescope has a magnification of 50.
这个望远镜可以放大50倍p[,vNOLG5X=~6o_[S

4.signal n.信号

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You mustn't fire without my signal.
没我的信号不许开枪#Jw0M7+kJ27dYw4X!R

5.There is always that chance that the next observation will be the one that turns up something, even if you expect nothing.

turn up 出现;发生

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Richard had turned up on Christmas Eve with Tony.
理查德和托尼在圣诞夜一道露面了sdw70ccx636[&
Investigations have never turned up any evidence.
调查从没发现任何证据m=hs)C]]J6P=0sW~

6.They did not find life - not yet, at least.

at least 至少

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He's been away for at least a week.
他走了总有一个星期吧6+7b3jnAoqGeccB9t
This jury is expected to be sequestered for at least two months.
预计这个陪审团将至少被隔离两个月;&V(v!Er[*4QI0KOkN

参考译文

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科学家观察1000万颗恒星未发现生命迹象
科学家完成了迄今为止在太阳系外搜寻生命迹象的最大规模的研究I4d(Ks2W#a7N8+p|o7A
利用澳大利亚的电波望远镜,科学家们研究了大约1030万颗恒星;nTO^@eA4@pM&CBw。他们没有发现生命迹象,至少目前没有C9OMfiU9HQxO73LuWfg
研究人员正在寻找所谓的“技术签名”——可能来自外星人的通信信号tQJc|b,zMuk6D)S
利用澳大利亚西部的默奇森宽场阵列(MWA)望远镜,科学家们在Vela星座周围搜寻声波8s!P.ej7h%A+.Ryto。这一发现最近发表在《澳大利亚天文学会出版物》上Fk0ETV)+!s#z2[@#G@;Z
希诺阿·特伦布雷(Chenoa Tremblay)是澳大利亚国家科学机构的天体物理学家eKp9K|H+kFzFO+eq#98。特伦布雷指出,研究结果“并不意外]Hd@q|o9-5;

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科学家观察1000万颗恒星未发现生命迹象.jpg
特伦布雷补充说,“在太阳系外寻找生命是一项巨大的挑战”OnhekZ9FkI1。“我们不知道何时、何地、以何种方式或者接收到什么样的信号,来证明我们在银河系中并不是孤单的Cfflnnxf^K,bHnkCsiL。”
澳大利亚科廷大学的天体物理学家史蒂夫·廷加(Steven Tingay)指出,这次搜寻的深度和广度是以往的100倍F#bZIkk#@lSlA*GYb++|。即便如此,研究涉及到宇宙中的恒星还是很少_93fsEHL6E7)Q&y
特伦布雷说,“1000万颗恒星看起来确实很多8hTs)-@XBG(vA%)s_]I。然而,我们最保险的评估是(在银河系)大约有1000亿颗恒星v7&BL+ri~Z0*。所以说,我们只观察到银河系的0.001%@g&X,KfFzK|kAodr*yX-。”“假设汪洋大海里只有30条鱼,我们搜寻的范围大概是后院游泳池大小的区域fFfGX=m&#jP.。所以找到这样一条鱼的概率很小t,QJE60ApJ。”
另一种望远镜,平方公里阵列(SKA)有望很快帮助寻找“技术签名”C]M]PGd%3sr~oON9*j
“重要的是……研究会越来越深入、广泛+M8KcLPl2=^。”“即使你无所期待,但是下一个观察结果总是有可能出现一些结果的xXtps[Cd+%FT00mh|F。科学是会令人惊讶的,所以重要的是继续寻找[9xAk,7G12s!y。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报bXx3fL=17P

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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