VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):印尼疫情扩散医院人满为患
日期:2020-09-16 10:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Indonesia’s Capital Under Virus Order, Hospitals Nearly Full
Main streets were less crowded Monday as Jakarta began two weeks of social restrictions to slow a rise of coronavirus cases. The rising number has pushed critical-care hospital services in Indonesia's capital to unsafe levels.
Police officers took steps to punish bicycle riders who did not wear face masks in public. But businesses did not seem to know what to do under the new restrictions. And workers said supporting the healthcare system should be the top goal.
The Governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan, announced Sunday that the restrictions were to last from Monday until September 27. He said the move was part of an emergency decision to control a rapid expansion in coronavirus cases in the city.
Under the order, social, economic, religious, cultural, and school activities are to be restricted. The order identifies food services, banking and nine other industries as essential. They are permitted to operate, but under special health safety measures and with half the usual number of workers.
Schools, public recreation areas and wedding party venues must stay closed until the restrictions are lifted. Restaurants and eateries are limited to takeaway and delivery service. Shopping centers must limit the number of visitors and their hours. Only religious centers in residential areas are permitted to open.
Jakarta's government had ordered large-scale social restrictions from April to June, then slowly eased the restrictions with businesses reopening and obeying health safety protocols.
But the virus has spread to many areas since June, and medical centers are filling with sick patients. Seven of 67 COVID-19 referral hospitals in Jakarta are 100 percent occupied, while 46 are more than 60 percent full.
Indonesia's coronavirus task force reports that more than 54,000 of the nation's 218,000 cases of COVID-19 are in Jakarta. The nation has over 8,800 deaths from the disease. About 15 percent of those patients lived in Jakarta.
A task force spokesperson said Jakarta has had the most COVID infections nationwide over the past five weeks.
"We should do these restrictions earlier, so we can control the positive case numbers and the death rate," the spokesperson said.
While residents are hoping the restrictions reduce the spread of the virus, they are worrying about the effect on businesses.
Sumaidi operates a printing business and photography studio in Jakarta. He told The Associated Press that the city needs the social restrictions. But he was not sure whether to open his business or totally close it.
"We can see how effective it is so far, we need more self-awareness too. But the economic activities cannot be stuck," Sumaidi said.
Sigit Ardianto works for a public company in Jakarta. He said that in addition to the new restrictions and punishing those who violate them, the government should fix medical services. He appealed for more rooms and better service at hospitals, "since the reason we have high case numbers is because of our health facility issues."
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.system n. 系统

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I want to get boxing out of my system and settle down to enjoy family life.
我想结束拳击生涯,安定下来享受家庭生活&*tchP2z[-d

2.photography n. 摄影

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When it comes to photography, I'm not an adept.
要说照相,我不是内行bj-Qtq@)Mqqg@z[%E2

3.facility n.设施;设备

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This facility is open to both new and existing borrowers.
这套设备向新老借用者开放q(sD6;FF*zTQK+Lhm].c

4.restriction n.限制

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There is no restriction on article length.
文章的字数不加限制qDU0_L+xM_YAkhG

5.He said that in addition to the new restrictions and punishing those who violate them, the government should fix medical services.

in addition to 除...之外

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In addition to the tractor, we have acquired a new rice transplanter.
除了拖拉机,我们又添了一台插秧机X36dWWYPn=_f
In addition to my weekly wage, I got a lot of tips.
除了每周的薪水外,我还能得到不少小费5TmHtvA-p*GhL;C#EUHG

6.But the virus has spread to many areas since June, and medical centers are filling with sick patients.

fill with 充满

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His voice filled with fatherly concern
他的声音充满了慈父般的关切UiCy(Zt~=o%OKs;|@_
Maria's eyes filled with tears.
玛丽亚的眼中噙满了泪水QyDhw=2[PIwv

参考译文

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印尼疫情扩散医院人满为患
雅加达开始实施为期两周的社交禁令,以减缓冠状病毒病例的上升,周一雅加达的主要街道不再那么拥挤P*QDM.jIo5c(。不断增加的感染人数已经导致印尼首都医院的危重医疗服务降至不安全的水平0^e37^AJ3&E5Xa
警察开始采取措施处罚在公共场合不戴口罩的自行车骑手0F%YsBi=ABDZFPO]。但企业似乎不知道在新的禁令下应该如何行动z7!G]i6-6K,@VL_gvR。工人们表示,对于医疗体系应该成为首要目标表示支持*)Enq;4&NRYs7%a
雅加达首长阿尼斯·巴斯威丹(Anies Baswedan)周日宣布,禁令将从周一持续到9月27号WtSRyjQh-h0bM~Tz。他表示,此举是控制该市冠状病毒病例快速增长的紧急决定的一部分dX|b!@YyG8Fri95L
根据禁令,社会、经济、宗教,文化以及学校活动将受到限制V12rh|Iq8b8!LX-pT7。这项禁令将食品服务,银行以及其他9个产业列为重要产业C%F._1ra9v。这些产业获准运营,但是要实施特殊的健康安全措施以及员工人数也要减半[8V]z+*,j-arVV5Q2

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印尼疫情扩散医院人满为患.jpeg
学校,公共娱乐场合以及婚宴场所在禁令解除前一律不得开放W8hHMgzNIKW-lM2;DB。餐厅以及小吃店只限打包和外卖服务rzalJC;lGNmlquC(;Tn。商场必须限制顾客数量和营业时间i(mca(d8sO,T50-O。只有居民区的宗教中心可以开放_)9Gct&G&UDG,4Y*
雅加达政府曾下令从4月到6月实施大规模社交禁令,之后随着商业重新开放以及遵守健康安全协议,逐步放宽了限制措施[;e55HT4gXcbr
但是自6月以来,新冠病毒已经扩散到很多地区,很多医疗中心已经人满为患4h^Jtfw)28tI7xm+X。在雅加达,67家新冠肺炎中心医院中已经有7家满员,还有46家医院的满员率超过60%[_h=z[,PNb!
印尼冠状病毒工作小组报告称,该国的21.8万的新冠肺炎感染病例中,超过5.4万病例发生在雅加达(%cUuG)!v](Zz=cW)))Z。该国的新冠肺炎死亡人数超过8800人7Vh;U*L^OGUzTu#fkL。大约%15的死亡病例居住在雅加达bAqKvDmksc1aiWsg
一位工作小组的发言人称,雅加达过去五周的新冠肺炎感染病例居全国各地之首f!i%o_j,n4dHOZ
发言人表示,“我们应该早点实施这些禁令,才能控制阳性病例数量和死亡率56jAIGU]SV3]xv8%L。”
虽然居民希望这些措施减少病毒的传播,但他们也担心这会对企业造成影响3vd-PbiSpZn5yraR@Td
苏玛尔迪在雅加达经营着一家印刷公司和摄影工作室K&eNXM,^wKUy=(t。他告诉美联社,这座城市需要这些限制措施.LipqFtY*EwPdK9Y。但是他不确定是否继续营业还是关店ns0)r-l]PU&D4x
苏玛尔迪说,“(限制措施)目前的效果我们有目共睹,我们也需要自觉一点OQ@=ccU.Q8P#RYI。但是经济活动又不能就此停滞”
西吉特·阿迪安托(Sigit Ardianto)就职于雅加达一家上市公司3[d]h8d0W*。他说,除了新的限制措施以及惩罚违禁者,政府应该解决医疗服务f[tSF.BBbNbbji!4[GM+。他呼吁医院提供更多的病房和更好的医疗服务,“病例数量高正是因为我们的医疗设施问题导致的C7zUeN%]A~8r0~*。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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