VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本墓葬坑暗示19世纪曾爆发瘟疫
日期:2020-09-10 10:02

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Remains from Mass Grave in Japan Suggest Epidemic in 1800s

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Workers have unearthed the remains of more than 1,500 people in western Japan. Archeologists report finding evidence that many of those individuals died of disease, possibly in an epidemic.

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The burial ground is thought to date back to the 1850s. It is being dug up for a development project in the city of Osaka.

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Officials at Osaka's City Cultural Properties Association have studied the remains. They said many of the individuals were likely in their 30s or small children when they died.

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The Umeda Grave is one of seven historical burial grounds in Osaka. It was discovered near a main train station as part of a redevelopment project that began in September 2019.

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In an earlier study, workers dug up hundreds of similar remains in surrounding areas, said Yoji Hirata, an official at Osaka's Cultural Properties Association.

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"It was our first historical discovery of a burial site in Osaka," Hirata said. "The findings will provide details of burial traditions of ordinary people back then."

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In the earlier find, many remains showed signs of disease in the hands and feet. The discovery of additional, similar remains suggests the 19th century mass grave was used for victims of an epidemic in the area, Hirata said.

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All the remains have been removed from the work area. Experts hope to examine them and other objects to learn more details about the deaths. Some experts have suggested that the epidemic could have involved syphilis, which was widespread during the time in populated areas.

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Many of the remains were in small round holes, where bodies appeared to have been buried on top of each other. Researchers found coffins containing more than one skeleton, a sign that many epidemic victims were buried together, Hirata said.

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Reuters news agency says researchers discovered about 350 small graves. They also found the remains of animals including four piglets, horses and cats, city officials said. Researchers also unearthed money, Buddhist jewelry and dolls that were believed to have been buried with the dead.

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Hirata said experts plan to prepare a report with their findings by the end of next year. The burial ground sits in what used to be a farming area near the city's famous Osaka Castle. It was one of seven major cemeteries in the city.

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People used to visit the cemeteries to pray for their ancestors during Japan's mid-summer Bon season under Buddhist tradition.

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重点解析

1.burial 埋葬

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The bones were disinterred and moved to a burial site.

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尸骨被刨出,移到了墓地t@8a.e+&+(-A

2.cemeteries 墓地

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Work began on establishing the cemeteries as permanent memorials to the fallen.

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把公墓建成阵亡战士的永久性纪念碑的工作已经开始ED|)8]eVCNU^Z&BY;

3.tradition 传统

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In keeping with tradition, the Emperor and Empress did not attend the ceremony

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按照传统,皇帝和皇后未参加该仪式8ZYhZ+bL&1GmR1~O[

4.prepare 准备

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She made her way to the kitchen, hoping to find someone preparing dinner.

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她走到厨房,希望看到有人在准备晚饭F5J,Sj#y7lc4_j@QBHJ

5.Many of the remains were in small round holes, where bodies appeared to have been buried on top of each other.

on top of 另外;在...之上

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They stood on top of the hill, drinking in the beauty of the garden city.

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他们站在小山之巅,饱览这花园城市的美景0wNPTlQA)GnvK&tj

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The park lies on top of a coalfield.

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公园位于一片煤田上cRcy#fq3;|

6.People used to visit the cemeteries to pray for their ancestors during Japan's mid-summer Bon season under Buddhist tradition.

pray for 祈祷

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His statement ended with the words: 'Pray for me.

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他的声明以“为我祈祷”结束FG8P+UkN|[4^xrg

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She went to pray for the soul of her late husband.

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她去为亡夫的灵魂祈祷dKgjW(vaRKBUIye5-lT(

参考译文

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日本墓地遗骸暗示19世纪曾爆发瘟疫

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工作人员在日本西部出土了1500多具遗骸-B_^EYi&=g.FxjhlPs_g。考古学家报告称,他们发现了其中许多人死于疾病的证据,由此判断这些人可能死于一场流行病NZi@#c4D21xC+i;RA#

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该墓地据信可追溯至19世纪50年代Q#854ppSSi)C^OUN。该墓地因大阪市一个开发项目而“重见天日”*R](SorLGpi;0^

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大阪文化产业协会的官员已经对这些遗骸进行了研究__S|i,O[gEs394QG。他们表示,很多遗骸死时可能年仅30多岁或是小孩oxY|W7HjvZgEK^xDEtV

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梅田墓(The Umeda Grave)是大阪七大历史墓地之一,MTC-WK,s8(QFNM。作为2019年9月开工的一个改建项目的一部分,该墓地在大阪车站附近被发现TaB5[RJBD|-;

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日本墓葬坑暗示19世纪曾爆发瘟疫.jpg

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大阪文化产业协会的官员平田洋二(Yoji Hirata)表示,早期研究中工人们在周边地区挖掘出数百具类似的遗骸QAniaZd&qbey.

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平田说:“这是在大阪发现的第一个墓葬遗址+NybmIMrzk[[X&%VbBc。这一发现将揭秘当时普通人墓葬传统的细节Tme&9E,n_,9&LH。”

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早期研究发现,许多遗骸的手脚都有染病的迹象*7KfF^6vJ_gk5RwDrTRd。平田表示,更多类似遗骸的发现表明,这座19世纪的集体墓穴是用来埋葬当时该地区一场流行病的受害者cc56ad]VU[J!BYmm%R

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所有遗骸均已被转移出作业区X(7!FDk&c_1+5d,0nc2。专家们希望对遗骸以及其他文物进行考察,以了解更多死亡的细节*]IOsn[P9IB^wHN_2(Zd。一些专家认为,这场流行病可能与梅毒有关——当时梅毒在人口密集地区广泛传播

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许多遗骸被埋进一个小圆洞里,内部的遗骸似乎是堆叠起来的Z8%_7-gi|f6*XTg2K^。平田还称,研究人员发现,棺材内不止装有一具遗骸,表明许多流行病受害者是被一起埋葬的9n=E%Ix^wc.

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路透社表示,研究人员发现了大约350个小坟墓_8;^d_2v(gA。市政府官方称,他们还发现了包括四只小猪、马和猫在内的动物遗骸-a_=UY5@2.n&IUS=&。研究人员还出土了据信与死者合葬的钱币、佛教珠宝和玩偶等文物9ZY7K],Ln*!YJW(CR

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平田称,专家计划在明年年底前准备一份报告,公布他们的研究结果hVriVP6kqXfcvn_0。墓地坐落在该市著名的大阪城堡附近,这里曾经是一个农业区C2t4pg^4~H_ieB。这是该市七大公墓之一[#SMyX&YA3]^q#

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根据佛教传统,在日本仲夏苯教节期间,人们常常前往墓地为祖先祈祷Ul;5pmkbq1Sij*TSYCqr

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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