VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):世卫组织发布儿童佩戴口罩指南
日期:2020-08-26 15:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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WHO Issues Mask-Wearing Guidelines for Children
As millions of children around the world are going back to school, the World Health Organization (WHO) says those aged 6 to 12 should wear masks to fight the spread of coronavirus. But children younger than 6 should not wear them.
The WHO announced its guidelines this week following widespread belief that younger children are less likely to get infected compared to adults.
The health organization says the decision to use masks for children between 6 to 12 should be based on the following conditions:
A child's environment. Is there widespread transmission in the area where the child lives? Does the child have contact with high-risk groups -- such as elderly adults or those with underlying health conditions?
A child's ability to safely and correctly use a mask. Are adults able to help put on, take off, and safely wear masks?
A child's access to masks. Are they able to wash them? Can they get new ones from home, the school, or childcare facility?
The effects of mask-wearing on a child's learning, disabilities, or underlying diseases. In these cases, the decision for a child to wear a mask should be made with teachers, parents, caregivers, and/or healthcare professionals.
For those 12 and older, the WHO says they should wear masks just like adults. This is especially important in cases where physical distancing cannot be guaranteed and in areas of high transmission.
The WHO advises children to not wear masks when playing sports or doing physical activities, such as running, jumping, or playing on the playground. Wearing a mask during physical activity may make breathing difficult.
However, when organizing these activities for children, it is important to follow other public health measures: maintain at least a 1-meter distance from others, limit the number of children playing together, and provide access to hand-washing areas and supplies.
The guidelines come after more than 23 million people have been infected with COVID-19 along with 810,000 deaths so far. Those are the numbers reported by Johns Hopkins University. But experts say the real numbers are even higher.
Access to education
The WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) also note that no child should be denied access to an education if a mask is unavailable.
Over the weekend, British medical officials have said, "Very few, if any, children or teenagers will come to long-term harm from COVID-19 due solely to attending school.''
Compare this, they add, to the long-term harm many children and young people may experience from not attending school.
I'm Anna Matteo.

重点解析

1.harm 损害

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He would never harm anyone.
他永远不会伤害任何人].D7jNh=#3;8Xuw8-h-;

2.long-term 长期的

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You need to set yourself some long-term goals.
你得为自己订一些长期目标YhDO]GjDAdvzRBTkTP5V

3.attend 出席

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Our children attend the same school.
我们的孩子上同一所学校bz;IG]ZB(Vf7e%;V

4.distance 距离

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The two journalists followed at a discreet distance.
那两名记者保持一段适当的距离跟在后面Bci*L)ola,

5.The guidelines come after more than 23 million people have been infected with COVID-19 along with 810,000 deaths so far.

so far 目前

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So far we have had ringing declarations, but only limited action.
目前,我们已经发表了一些有力的声明,但只采取了有限的行动eTDq9A(PrO7gpmnE7lf
So far we haven't been able to find anything, but we're still researching.
目前我们还没有任何发现,但是我们仍在研究WssJ+i(es&6

6.The guidelines come after more than 23 million people have been infected with COVID-19 along with 810,000 deaths so far.

along with 伴随着

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He came along with some friends.
他和几个朋友一道来的GI*O,WjqqqHQM%a
The baby's mother escaped from the fire along with two other children.
婴儿的母亲和另外两个孩子一起逃离了火海7q%#SctMvh!Y5&lKu

参考译文

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世卫组织发布儿童佩戴口罩指南
随着世界各地数百万儿童重返校园,世界卫生组织表示,6至12岁的儿童应该佩戴口罩以防止新冠病毒的传播et^yTbYg!r2。但是不满6岁的儿童不应该戴口罩19j%]];kEsCl7G9s8CA
世卫组织本周宣布了应对指南,此前人们普遍认为,与成年人相比,儿童感染新冠病毒的可能性较小^mVFxzWf~Y9!&
该卫生组织表示,应该根据以下条件决定是否让6-12岁的儿童戴口罩:
所处环境LXjJ;X_z.,|8q。儿童所居住的地区是否存在广泛的传播途径?儿童是否接触过老年人或有潜在健康问题的高危人群?
儿童安全和正确佩戴口罩的能力J!rv53[BBN。成年人能否帮助儿童佩戴、摘下并且安全地使用口罩ir~.d8L[qa(53o42l
儿童获取口罩的途径spTaQ6eS|Qa。他们能清洗吗?是否能从家里、学校或是托儿所领取新的口罩?

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世卫组织发布儿童佩戴口罩指南.jpg
戴口罩对儿童学习、残疾或潜在疾病的影响ns[5s4b+-C5#G78J。在这些情况下,应由老师、父母、监护者,和/或医疗保健人员决定是否要佩戴口罩sTARtKozY;v
世卫组织表示,12岁以上的儿童应该像成年人一样戴口罩8-SA^W#((W#q!M。在无法保证物理距离以及在高风险的传播地区,这一点尤为重要(Uw|37wUA|.)V|l75gZ
世卫组织建议儿童在进行体育运动或锻炼时(例如跑步、跳跃或在操场上玩耍)不要戴口罩2Cn[q1UR@mFQ;_M。在体育活动过程中戴口罩可能会造成呼吸困难,,Vz=UpRQL
然而,在为儿童组织这类活动时,必须遵循其它公共卫生措施:与他人保持至少1米的距离,限制儿童活动人数,并提供洗手区域和洗手用品V!Df@=DTmEt-mQz+Nr
这份指南出台前,已有2300多万人感染新冠病毒,81万人死亡NqDo~z.77QR%ryo。这是约翰·霍普金斯大学报告的数据hj1[GFjB@[]VDjg。但是专家表示,实际的数字甚至更高JUvqauwh15
受教育机会
世卫组织和联合国儿童基金会还指出,不应该剥夺任何无法获取口罩的儿童接受教育的机会rDp(VJ)L7v
上周末,英国医务人员表示:“极少数儿童或青少年会因为上学而遭受新冠病毒的长期伤害HdVy)fR7mh!RI]3=94.。”
他们还说,相比之下,许多儿童和年轻人可能会因为不上学而受到长期伤害vDAke.0Z7FL
安娜·马特奥为您播报Sn3ICUOZ]vxAmzvv

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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