VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国民众如何看待最高法院的工作?
日期:2020-08-11 17:34

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Is the US Supreme Court Popular?
At a time when other branches of government are relatively unpopular in the United States, public approval of the Supreme Court has risen.
A new public opinion study shows that public approval of the high court is at its highest level in more than 10 years.
The Gallup research company released the findings on Wednesday. It found that 58 percent of Americans approve of the way the Supreme Court is doing its job. The court's approval rating has been around 50 percent for many years.
The current approval rating is much higher than the other two branches of the federal government: the president and Congress. The most recent Gallup surveys found that about 41 percent of Americans approve of the job done by the president while 18 percent approve of the way Congress is doing its job.
The Supreme Court has nine members. The court is currently split between five conservative justices and four liberals.
Its five to four rulings on politically charged issues receive the most attention. But many of the court's decisions are reached unanimously or with six or more justices ruling in agreement.
Gallup researchers completed questioning for the latest survey between July 1 and 23. It followed one of the most consequential Supreme Court terms in recent years. During that time, the justices ruled in a series of important cases.
The court dismissed an attempt by the administration of President Donald Trump to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals immigration program. It also ruled against a Louisiana anti-abortion law, and expanded anti-discrimination protections for LGBTQ workers.
In addition, the court ruled that states cannot bar religious schools from receiving financial aid meant for private schools. It decided that Catholic school teachers cannot launch legal action against their employers for discrimination. And, it ruled that employers are not required to provide birth control in their employees' health plans.
July 9 was the final day of the Supreme Court's term. The justices ruled on subpoenas for President Trump's financial records. The court ruled that Trump is not immune from a New York state investigation into his finances. But the justices blocked efforts by Congress to get the business records of the president and his family.
Gabe Roth is executive director of the not-for-profit group Fix the Court. He said Americans often base their ideas of the court on only a few well-known cases. He added that Americans often ignore many other actions that receive little or no attention.
I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.

重点解析

1.attention 关注

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Each year more than two million household injuries need medical attention.
每年有超过200万起家中受伤事件需要医疗处理9lEred.^S,SRck%~

2.finances 资产

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The state's finances have been drained by war.
国家财力已经被战争消耗殆尽ZylDG[VD-Vtnu;w

3.not-for-profit 非营利的

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Both public and not-for-profit universities often issue tax-exempt debt.
公立学校和非盈利学校常常发行一种免税债CX^PWRnVp=*K~O5G4

4.executive 行政管理的

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He sits on the executive committee that manages Lloyds.
他是管理劳埃德保险公司的执行委员会成员.KfU4avwy~u%x

5.In addition, the court ruled that states cannot bar religious schools from receiving financial aid meant for private schools.

In addition 另外

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You need money and time; in addition, you need diligence.
你需要钱和时间,此外还需要努力HiCk)~|fV#ZBy%;B0|2
In addition, the respondent disclosed professional confidences to one of the patients.
另外,被告还向其中一位病人透露了行业机密R6A3B)@&TgShy

6.In addition, the court ruled that states cannot bar religious schools from receiving financial aid meant for private schools.

financial aid 财政援助

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The country has no access to foreign loans or financial aid.
该国得不到任何外国贷款或经济援助Co]yEMik4R5
Financial aid for Britain has been withheld.
向英国提供的经济援助已经被扣9e;aEPf-RR

参考译文

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美国民众如何看待最高法院的工作?
在美国其它政府部门相对不受欢迎的时候,公众对最高法院的支持率有所上升ADDQcV6ndueM)!^0^C
一项新的民意调查表明,公众对高等法院的支持率达到了10年来的最高水平&Ks%V&z[!8H
周三,盖洛普调查公司发布了这项调查结果H15ecZkA+OOGEwrN。调查发现,58%的美国人认可最高法院的工作方式#@5ub)6,o=Zw。多年来,最高法院的支持率一直在50%左右r+Dv9Qbs75;VKC8
当前的支持率远高于联邦政府的其它两个部门:总统和国会7pW(t7.ic,H9X+L6*6A。盖洛普最近的调查发现,大约41%的美国人支持总统的工作,而只有18%的美国人支持国会的工作方式VMp@RmDhYLa%[&Tk+TD7
美国最高法院有9名成员1ev-~A!&[YIC4q0p%。最高法院目前分为5名保守派法官和4名自由派法官5vC)moJHii1o)

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美国民众如何看待最高法院的工作?.jpg
该法院在涉及政治诉讼时做出的5:4的裁决获得了最广泛的关注Ck|jVX6LCN。但是最高法院的很多裁决达成了一致,或者是由6名或6名以上的法官达成一致裁决F-e^YG)a,Z
盖洛普研究人员在7月1日到23日期间完成了这项最新调查np-FH=#x;mS+Ft。该调查还追踪了近年来最高法院最重要的一项裁决L=0e.O9ez*Vp;U6v;。在此期间,大法官在一系列重要案件中做出了裁决pD]lnoiJ;b6q@Q
最高法院驳回了特朗普政府想要废除“童年抵美者暂缓遣返”项目的要求]^lG-z=@bkZ^。它还否决了路易斯安那州的反堕胎法,并扩大了对性少数群体的反歧视保护b#TAnLWK[-a*7
此外,最高法院裁决各州不得禁止宗教学校接受用于私立学校的经济援助d)&y~STmM0iu。最高法院裁决,天主教学校的老师不能以歧视为由起诉雇主Ca7@l[CWd4zX。并且它还裁定雇主无需在员工健康计划中提供节育措施t(!A4-p[t7I4tbdLGx5Q
7月9日是最高法院期限的最后一天&_upPHs5lmy05(d。法官们就特朗普总统财务记录的传票做出了裁决e4skMwNXJfj;j[B7#&wy。最高法院裁定,特朗普不能免于纽约州对其财务状况的调查YCP2]Z6Z_6-|xe。但是,大法官们阻止了国会想要获得总统及其家人商业记录的举动#@lt;Fqhw!ofOUN
盖比·劳斯(Gabe Roth)是非盈利组织Fix the Court的执行董事z7NB,sHXlMSh1&~%O3dM。他说,美国民众对最高法院的看法通常基于少数几个众所周知的案例D%+l90)#X*j#BU!。他还说,美国人通常会忽略其它不受关注或得不到关注的诉讼案例hF6%dn%14OP6!hNl3H
小马里奥·里特为您播报bQw-ukddV(=F6BK

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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