VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):世界各地如何看待戴口罩的行为?
日期:2020-08-06 17:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Ideas About Face Masks From Around the World
Not since humans invented shoes or underwear has a single item of clothing become so common in such a short amount of time. From Melbourne to Mexico City, Beijing to Bordeaux, many people can be seen wearing this piece of clothing: the face mask.
But rarely, maybe never, has anything else worn by humans created such widespread debate.
Jeremy Howard is the co-founder of #Masks4All, a group supporting face mask use for everyone. Speaking recently about masks, Howard said there has probably never been such a quick and "dramatic" change in worldwide human behavior.
Yet not everyone is accepting of this safety measure, which health officials say is aimed at reducing the spread of the coronavirus. Plenty of people do not like being told what to do. Many also do not trust scientific evidence suggesting that masks can be an effective way to reduce new infections.
At demonstrations in the United States, Canada and Britain, people have criticized face masks. At one recent protest in London, a person argued against mask-wearing requirements in stores, saying: "People die every year. This is nothing new."
Mohammed al-Burji, a 42-year-old government worker in Lebanon, shared his thoughts on wearing masks with The Associated Press. He said he walks to work without a mask and does not worry. "There is no coronavirus, brother. They're just deceiving people."
As of July 24, Lebanon had reported over 3,400 coronavirus infections and 46 deaths. Officials have made public appeals for people to keep wearing masks and to practice social distancing.
In Mexico City, Estima Mendoza says she feels shock and fear when seeing people not wearing masks. "I feel defenseless. On one hand I judge them, and on the other I ask myself 'Why?" Mendoza said. "As human beings, we always judge."
In France, masks resulted in an unexpected benefit for Maria Dabo. She no longer feels so different in a country that has made laws to prevent Muslim women from wearing face coverings.
"I feel like we are a bit better understood," Dabo said. "Everyone is obliged to do the same as us, which makes me believe that God is busy teaching people a lesson, that covering up isn't religious or anything else. It's about not being a fool and protecting oneself."
Masks can even divide families. Yu Jungyul, a child-health worker in Seoul, South Korea, says she has to ask her husband to wear one often. She says she tells him: "‘We have to wear masks for other people now, rather than only for ourselves.'"
Shopping with her young children, French museum worker Celine Brunet-Moret said she misses not being able to see emotions on people's faces.
"You don't see people smiling or if they are OK or not," Brunet-Moret said. "It's not the same life and it's not the normal life," she added. "So I'm thinking that we'll never get used to it..."
But across the street from the shop where Brunet-Moret was buying cheese, Laure Estiez said that going out without one of her home-made masks now feels "almost unnatural." She says every morning she goes through a process of picking colors to match her mood and clothing. She says this daily activity has become "a pleasure."
"We have a very strong capacity for adaptation," she said. "You get used to everything."
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.unnatural 不自然的

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I consider activities such as jogging and weightlifting as unnatural.
我认为像慢跑、举重这样的运动不符合自然规律Gf;q#87,]X

2.pleasure 乐趣

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Watching TV is our only pleasure.
看电视是我们唯一的乐事LMpkSj.^[,

3.emotion 感情

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Jealousy is a primal emotion.
嫉妒是最原始的情感Q-d-t#R5#ej!E4)K3~o

4.process 过程

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There was total agreement to start the peace process as soon as possible
全体一致同意尽快开始和平进程r]vMJPLvFK

5.We have a very strong capacity for adaptation," she said.

have a very strong capacity for ...能力强

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Human beings have a strong capacity for self-deception.
人类自欺的能力是无穷尽的bEy7*iX]3]b%
Higher-income countries generally have a strong capacity for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.
一般而言,高收入国家防控非传染性疾病的能力较强fT|hAln@dTuWo|

6.You get used to everything.

get used to 习惯

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The Republicans had better get used to the fact that in all probability, they are going to lose
共和党人最好习惯他们很有可能失败的事实%Gs=1!2(1Z~
When she first came to this pastoral area, she found life here a bit difficult to get used to.
她刚来牧区的时候,生活上感到有点别扭Q_*38H.o;l

参考译文

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世界各地如何看待戴口罩的行为?
自鞋子和内衣问世以来,没有哪类穿戴用品能在短期内变得如此普遍Zyl0aK6iuMLqNtsB。从墨尔本到墨西哥城,从北京到墨西哥,很多人戴着口罩的场面随处可见9ixYak!i!!HZ30
但是,人类的其它穿戴品可能永远不会引发如此广泛的争议BvPM|U^rnwS[~1s
杰里米·霍华德(Jeremy Howard)是“全民戴口罩”组织的创始人,该组织呼吁所有人戴口罩9KH*V@P-KxB。霍华德最近在谈到戴口罩时表示,全球可能从未发生过如此迅猛、剧烈的人类行为变化AL^];AD+bolyV
卫生官员称,戴口罩旨在遏制新冠病毒的传播,然而并非所有人都能接受这一安全措施oB-QM4ha]+_H*D-o#u[O。很多人不喜欢听从他人安排*5Z!f53O~|_h。还有很多人不相信口罩能有效降低新增感染的科学证据J%-~-&T*tHqn^aRWY+J

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世界各地如何看待戴口罩的行为.jpg
在美国、加拿大和英国的示威活动中,人们抗议戴口罩的措施Sq.XtNDqGVh6Fc&A,F。在伦敦最近一次示威活动中,有人反对进入商店要戴口罩的规定,说:“哪一年不死人,司空见惯了好么r3OP(YmKCgam(。”
黎巴嫩政府一位42岁的工作人员穆罕默德·布尔吉(Mohammed al-Burji)跟美联社分享了自己关于戴口罩的看法lM%(6bv~sAmFmW。他表示走路上班全程不戴口罩,也丝毫没有担心@.^^NAUsXk^+v8@。“哥们,哪来的什么新冠病毒,别受人蒙蔽了suRhA@Mgb4DRpfb9f|+。”
截至7月24日,黎巴嫩报告了3400多例新冠病毒感染以及46例死亡xNbb(|6j4*7wiYOSHh。有关官员公开呼吁人们长期戴口罩并保持社交距离SksqKIBSXyMG^fR;5O3
在墨西哥城,埃斯蒂马·门多萨(Estima Mendoza)表示,看到人们不戴口罩,她感到震惊、恐惧S[u609U@Q]Soc。门多萨表示:“我感觉很无助PXJ7wnE,#q。一方面我批评他们,另一方面我不断质疑自己,为什么?作为人类,我们总是在评判他人Boi6qGYh]#q。”
在法国,玛丽亚·达博因为戴口罩收获了意外之喜D0Qv!=I@Kl。在法国这个制定了法律禁止穆斯林妇女戴面纱的国家,她不再感到格格不入RRPbPzC#[~3|8
达博表示:“我觉得我们更加更了解了VpAEPB,Z8tG4_pNd。每个人都有义务跟我们一样做,这让我相信,上帝一直在教化人类,蒙面不是宗教或其它什么k^nwAW)kNPnKX&l3n。而是不要犯傻,要好好保护自己SYYx^9-(1kCd_X,gaz。”
戴口罩会让家庭产生分歧.UGP,7s%rv884^&BR-wG。韩国首尔一名儿童保健工作者Yu Jungyul表示,她经常得提醒丈夫戴口罩Q.9IW8Y*HR&idCgk%1Mg。她表示,一直再告诉丈夫:“现在戴口罩也是为了保护他人,而不仅仅是保护自身Uk-GVLB89wY。”
法国博物馆工作人员席琳·布鲁内特·莫雷特(Celine Brunet-Moret)带着孩子一起购物,她说,她看不到人们的面部表情Fm%N2SaTEt*
莫雷特表示:“看不到人们微笑,也不知道他们的状态如何J8!KU,SuiM[+es2nYZvj。”她还说:“这样的生活变味了,不是正常的生活f&5(;XsqKp。所以我觉得戴口罩这个习惯我们永远适应不了R8As69WoVNi[=jdT.I_。”
但是,在莫雷特买奶酪的商店的对街,劳雷·埃斯蒂兹表示,如果不戴上自制的口罩外出,她就浑身不自在YZ6MW@=4tl。她说,每天早上,她都要挑选口罩颜色来搭配心情和服饰2tttyC6XeS=5Nfhne~fg。她说,这一日常活动已经成为一种“乐趣”=l9S54VyoPzR,@7
她说:“我们的适应能力很强的,习惯成自然(%PHZTa-]x0SNp。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报JLlhQp+5NJD

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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