VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新冠肺炎致近百万越南人失业
日期:2020-07-29 15:10

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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COVID-19 Leaves Nearly 1 Million Vietnamese Unemployed
Vietnam has reported big success in limiting the spread of COVID-19 inside the country. But the worldwide pandemic has left nearly 1 million Vietnamese unemployed.
About 900,000 people are currently unemployed. Another 18 million are underemployed. Those numbers come from the country's General Statistics Office report for the first half of 2020.
Laborers wear protective masks as they work at a private Ngoc Nu factory which makes blankets, pillows and mattresses for the local market, in Hanoi, June 1, 2020
Laborers wear protective masks as they work at a private Ngoc Nu factory which makes blankets, pillows and mattresses for the local market, in Hanoi, June 1, 2020
The record jobless rate comes even though Vietnam is the most populous nation in the world to report zero COVID-19 deaths. Vietnam is also one of the few countries worldwide to see its economy grow this year.
Experts say the huge job losses were mainly caused by the shrinking demand for its products from nations hit hard by the virus.
The most affected areas have been in Vietnam's cities. In the second quarter of 2020, unemployment in cities hit a 10-year high of 4.46 percent. During the same period two years earlier, the unemployment rate in cities was 3.09 percent.
The rise also marks a change from the first quarter of 2020, when the International Labor Organization office in Hanoi said employment levels "remained unaffected by the crisis" of COVID-19.
"The complicated and unpredictable COVID-19 pandemic caused growth in most industries and sectors to slow down," the General Statistics Office said in a statement. "Unemployment and underemployment have increased greatly."
Such high jobless numbers are almost unheard of in Vietnam. The country historically reports continually rising trade growth, which fuels major factory and construction activity across the country.
In answer to COVID-19, the country introduced a $2.7 billion relief fund that includes aid to workers.
Vietnam is in the process of approving labor unions independent of the Communist Party. The move is part of a promise related to a new European Union trade deal.
Vietnam depends heavily on exports to drive its economy, especially to the United States and the European Union. But consumer demand in both places dropped as the pandemic grew.
However, there is still more investment going to Vietnam compared to most other nations.
More Vietnamese are flying within the country compared to last year. The increase has come following a campaign to replace the loss of foreign visitors with local travelers. And, hotels like the Anam on Vietnam's south-central coast say they have increased anti-virus safety measures to help bring more local visitors.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.jobless 失业

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The closure left 500 people jobless.
这次倒闭使500人失业v_GT,#,[lZh

2.replace 代替

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He headed off efforts to replace him as leader.
他挫败了要取代他的领导地位的企图|!nGHoeeGeiZF0J&m+

3.especially 尤其是

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I especially like sweet things.
我特别喜欢吃甜食R^Br%kqUG6]n3TKIh)Xw

4.visitor 游客

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I wasn't expecting a visitor.
我没有预期会有访客]ObxYVj2OeTAQ2

5.More Vietnamese are flying within the country compared to last year.

compared to 与...相比

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His progress at school had been unspectacular compared to his brother.
和弟弟相比,他在学校里的进步很不起眼]r=xx*UzHl,Y
Compared to people living only a few generations ago, we have greater opportunities to have a good time
比起上几辈人,我们有更多机会享受生活VaHMZT1DukF

6.Such high jobless numbers are almost unheard of in Vietnam.

unheard of 前所未有的

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It's almost unheard of in France for a top politician not to come from the social elite.
在法国,大牌政客非社会精英阶层出身的几乎闻所未闻yeA6fV|HQu-E5t2qsZB4
Mom announced that she was going to visit her family for a couple of weeks, which was absolutely unheard of.
妈妈说她要回娘家几周,这绝对是前所未有的事,QPRQ03[O2p#Bu,drF#

参考译文

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新冠肺炎致近百万越南人失业
越南报告称,在控制国内新冠肺炎传播方面取得了巨大成功An~#o7c5Hf-G^JdBS。但是,这次全球大流行已经导致近100万越南人失业snhR7T26&tLQ
目前大约有90万人失业2-%^j];nyc。另有1800万人就业不足=,~9Azo@WGz#。这些数字出自于越南国家统计局2020年上半年的报告B(3%AT)BNUn&
尽管在全球报告新冠肺炎零死亡率的国家中,越南是人口最多的国家,但该国的失业率仍然创下了历史新高ka1xr=v95^HsOk)5。越南还是今年全球经济中增长最快的少数几个国家之一6F+9qt!g^v
专家表示,大量就业岗位的减少主要是受到疫情重创的国家对其产品的需求下降9iBssCZTyb@C;q^MKUQ

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新冠肺炎致近百万越南人失业.jpg
受影响最严重的地区是越南的城市ZbI*C_PSX1J^j2eL。在2020年第二季度,城市失业率达到了10年来最高的4.46%-l]74u5tfQ-)mJP。在两年前的同一时期,城市失业率只有3.09%9D[10JY09KtaY-
失业率攀升也标志着与2020年第一季度相比的变化,当时国际劳工组织驻河内办事处表示,就业水平“未受到新冠肺炎危机的影响TgFZk)%O6AI=W9Ka。”
越南国家统计局在声明中表示:“新冠肺炎大流行情况复杂并且不可预测,导致大多数行业和部门增长放缓,失业和就业不足已大幅攀升52hdK=nTFQ#k。”
如此高的失业率在越南几乎闻所未闻x-!+U2@EP(-e#Qmu。该国过去一直报告贸易持续增长,推动了全国的重要工厂和建筑活动Ey@VLtR(4dE*y6ls*e
为了应对新冠肺炎,该国推出了27亿美元的救助基金,其中包括对工人的援助(;GE^BSO8=
越南正在批准独立于越共的工会)zxSb,2@*6|s_uxeWlsZ。此举是与欧盟新贸易协定相关承诺的一部分pmOaXnZ^iYU
越南的经济发展在很大程度上依靠出口,尤其是美国和欧盟bs#0uM;AIpt+XHP,)。但是随着大流行的蔓延,欧美消费者的需求都出现了下降9fRWqu.6gi%[[=
然而,与其它大多数国家相比,越南仍然吸引了更多投资T6Om35%ryX5=
与去年相比,越来越多的越南人在国内飞行4^Zb1w(q!(w;7g。这一增长起因于越南的一项以当地游客取代外国游客的运动;c9RhW+k!YMfCRb&U|L。越南中南部海岸的Anam之类的酒店表示,他们已经增强了防疫措施,以帮助吸引更多的本地游客|;UnZJTXQ)LN2UkjxdD
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