US Faces Growing Criticism For WHO Withdrawal
The United States is facing increasing criticism for its withdrawal Monday from the World Health Organization (WHO).
China denounced the U.S. decision. Foreign ministry official Zhao Lijian said the withdrawal will weaken international efforts to fight the COVID-19 health crisis. He added that the damage would especially hurt developing countries where the need for aid is urgent.
Zhao spoke to reporters Wednesday in Beijing. He praised the work of the WHO, describing it as "the most authoritative and professional international" organization dealing with public health security.
The U.S. withdrawal will not take effect for a year as required by the WHO constitution. The U.S. also is required to pay any membership fees it owes the United Nations agency.
Health officials and opponents to President Donald Trump's administration also criticized the decision to withdraw. Presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden said he would cancel the withdrawal on his first day in office if elected in November. Americans are safer when the U.S. is involved in worldwide health efforts, Biden said.
Nancy Pelosi, the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, called the withdrawal "an act of true senselessness." She wrote in a Twitter message, "With millions of lives at risk, the president is crippling the international effort to defeat the virus."
For months, Trump has criticized the WHO's effort to deal with COVID-19. He accuses the organization of surrendering to Chinese pressure to mislead the public about the disease. In April, Trump suspended U.S. financial support for the WHO. In May, he said the United States planned to withdraw.
The president's supporters agree that the WHO has had failings in the COVID-19 crisis. But, not all necessarily support Trump's decision to withdraw.
American lawmaker Lamar Alexander leads the U.S. Senate's health committee. In a statement Tuesday, he agreed that the WHO's COVID-19 actions should be examined. But he added, "the time to do that is after the crisis has been dealt with, not in the middle of it."
The U.S. was among the countries that established the World Health Organization in 1948. It is its largest donor, as well, providing more than $450 million to the agency every year. America leads the world with the most COVID-19 cases – over 3 million, and more than 131,000 deaths.
U.S. health experts called the president's decision shortsighted and destructive of international cooperation in fighting all diseases.
Thomas File Jr., president of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, said the withdrawal leaves the U.S. at greater risk of COVID-19 as it will not be part of international efforts to "develop and access vaccines." He said the U.S. would also face greater danger in future pandemics without WHO membership.
I'm Caty Weaver.
He's a sensitive lad and some of the criticism has stung him.
He sent me a membership form
I think their approach to the problem is very shortsighted.
My guess is that the chance that these vaccines will work is zero
5.But he added, "the time to do that is after the crisis has been dealt with, not in the middle of it."
deal with 应对
He was able to deal with his captivity by maintaining a high degree of anger about the unfairness of his capture.
He's a hard man to deal with.
6.But he added, "the time to do that is after the crisis has been dealt with, not in the middle of it."
in the middle of 在...中间
I reached for the lamp, which stood in the middle of the table.
I don't know why he broke off in the middle of a sentence.
中国谴责了美国的决定 。外交部官员赵立坚表示，退出世卫组织将削弱国际社会抗击新冠肺炎疫情的努力 。他补充说，这种行为尤其会损害急需援助的发展中国家 。
周三，赵立坚在北京接受了记者采访 。他称赞了世界卫生组织的工作，称其是处理公共卫生安全问题的“最权威、最专业的国际”组织 。
根据世界卫生组织章程的要求，美国退出世卫组织将在一年内生效 。美国还被要求补交其拖欠世卫组织的会费 。
卫生官员和特朗普政府的反对者也批评了这项决定 。总统候选人、前副总统拜登称，如果他在11月当选总统，上任首日就会取消这一退出计划 。拜登表示，只有美国参与到全球范围的防疫工作中，美国人才会更安全 。
美国众议院议长南希·佩洛西（Nancy Pelosi）称，（退出世卫）是“真正毫无意义的行为” 。她在推特上写道：“数百万人命在旦夕，而总统却在削弱国际社会抗击疫情的努力 。”
数月来，特朗普一直在批评世卫组织应对新冠肺炎疫情的努力 。他指责该组织屈服于中国的压力，误导公众对该疾病的看法 。今年4月，特朗普暂停了美国对世卫组织的财政支持 。5月份，他表示，美国打算退出世界卫生组织 。
总统的支持者认为，世卫组织在应对新冠病毒危机时确有不力之处 。但是，并非所有人都支持特朗普的退出决定 。
美国议员拉马尔·亚历山大领导着美国参议院卫生委员会 。在周二的一份声明中，他同意应该对世卫组织的新冠肺炎工作进行调查 。但他补充说，“不过应该在危机解决后进行，而不是现在 。”
美国是1948年成立世界卫生组织的国家之一 。该国也是世卫组织最大的赞助国，每年向该机构提供4.5亿多美元 。美国是全球新冠肺炎病例最多的国家——超过300万例，死亡人数超过13.1万人 。
美国传染病学会主席托马斯·费莱（Thomas File Jr.）表示，退出世卫组织将使美国在抗击新冠疫情时面临更大的风险，因为这不是“研发和获取疫苗”的国际努力的一部分 。他表示，如果失去了世卫组织的成员国身份，美国在未来的大流行中也将面临更大的危险 。