VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国参议院提出警察改革法案
日期:2020-06-18 15:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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U.S. Senators Propose Police Reforms
Republican Party members of the United States Senate have proposed legislation to change police procedures and accountability.
The proposal is called the "Justice Act." It is the broadest policing proposal from Republicans in years. It was announced on Wednesday, a day after President Donald Trump signed an order of police reforms in a ceremony at the White House.
Both actions follow weeks of public protest over the death of George Floyd during an arrest by police on May 25th in Minnesota. Officer Derek Chauvin kneeled on the unarmed black man's neck for almost nine minutes as Floyd called out repeatedly, "I can't breathe," and, later said, "I'm about to die."
The Senate proposal includes expansion of the use-of-force database and restrictions on the use of chokeholds. It also would create groups to study law enforcement and race.
Tim Scott of South Carolina led the Senate Republican team that developed the legislation. He said lawmakers will move quickly to enter the proposal for debate next week.
Scott, who is black, spoke of his own experiences being stopped by police — including once this year.
"We hear you," Scott said, speaking about families of those killed by police. He added that the Justice Act "speaks very clearly to the young person" and his concern "when he is stopped by law enforcement officers."
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell urged Senate Democrats to support the Justice Act. He said the United States is not a racist country but, in his words, "the stain" of slavery and the Civil War remains.
The leader of the Democratic minority in the senate, Chuck Schumer immediately criticized the legislation. He said that the bill would not do enough. And he said the measure provides less police accountability than the reform proposed by Democrats in the House of Representatives.
The House Judiciary Committee is currently considering that proposal. The full House is expected to vote on it next week.
The Republican legislation would strengthen rules that require police to gather use-of-force reports. It also would make lynching a federal hate crime, a move sought by Democratic Party lawmakers.
The proposal calls for an end to the use of chokeholds but would not require states to ban them.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.reform 改革

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He has urged reform of the welfare system
他极力主张进行福利制度改革w+^Jp;xEOi

2.proposal 提议

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Britain and France have expressed some disagreement with the proposal.
英国和法国对这项提案已经发表了一些反对意见gV%+0Ku6=f3.

3.accountability 有责任

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This system will vastly increase transparency and accountability.
该系统将极大地加强透明性和问责制Mh]p)XqlRb^|9jBWB

4.repeatedly 一再地

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He struck at me repeatedly with a stick.
他拿着棍子一再朝我打过来_cD&m4hr.wt.7=g,l

5.BIt also would create groups to study law enforcement and race.

law enforcement 执法

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He said law enforcement facts turn the tide upon those who seek to asperse their countries'good name.
他说执法的事实遏止了那些想要破坏国家名誉的人WLstWeq^x!
Both sides will strengthen cooperation in judicial and law enforcement.
双方将加强司法和执法领域的合作(BB2=nn.EP,],;,

6.The proposal calls for an end to the use of chokeholds but would not require states to ban them.

calls for an end to 呼吁禁止

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The scenes on the streets drew international calls for an end to the crisis.
曼谷街头的局面,引发国际社会呼吁结束这场危机e|fkT~N3D!tpeb*4No6I
The report also calls for an end to quarterly reporting to discourage short-term trading.
该报告还呼吁停止季度报告制度,以此抑制短期交易sH7,G,|E|]S+7+M*

参考译文

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美国参议院提出警察改革法案
美国参议院的共和党人提出了改革警察程序和责任的法案Pqn,PCaCGX!Llt-
这项提案被称为《公平法案》A_py(%uZCn&w)T_E.g。 这是多年来共和党人提出的最广泛的警务提案PTN9fq)~MiUwSMW。它于周三公布,也就是特朗普总统在白宫仪式上签署警察改革令的次日BGCh,~4vQW
此前,明尼苏达州警方于5月25日逮捕乔治·弗洛伊德时致其死亡,进而引发了持续数周的公众抗议活动bWEOrdiztJo0b。警察德里克·肖万(Derek Chauvin)跪压在这位手无寸铁的黑人男子脖子上将近9分钟,期间弗洛伊德反复呼救:“我无法呼吸了,”后来又说:“我快死了%Hgwjn*ZZ5YF90c。”
这项参议院提案包括扩大使用武力的数据库以及限制使用锁喉动作xnG_](70nzSMI%0ssq。它还将成立工作组,研究执法和种族问题LNNrtS7)~g2LOo9Gg|

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美国参议院提出警察改革法案.jpg
南卡罗莱纳州的蒂姆·斯科特领导参议院共和党团队制定了这项法案pk3,&L#|-bmTX[n6。他表示,议员们下周将迅速采取行动就这项提案进行辩论=b0Vsan;zvEP
黑人斯科特提到了自己被警察拦住的经历,今年就发生过一次8=L0-yUXvP(Sp
斯科特在谈到这些警察暴力受害者的亲属时表示:“我们听到了你们的诉求IMR@H#_jc4G0C]N9。”他还说了,《公平法案》“跟年轻人交代得很清楚”,以及“当他被执法人员拦下时” 的担心U5^%,jFWPaLn
参议院多数党领袖米奇·麦康奈尔(Mitch McConnell)督促参议院民主党人支持这项《公平法案》d^2^OJOG#~Jp)3。他表示,美国虽然不是种族主义国家,但用他的话来说,奴隶制和美国内战的“污点”犹在DaBdem,dGD[b
参议院少数党派民主党领导人查克·舒默(Chuck Schumer)当即指责了这项法案By3Pk5A(N5vw^-WU。他指出,该法案不够完善-e8vsmSqAe#qpw@Yzx,D。他说,与民主党在众议院提出的改革方案相比,这项措施提出的警察问责更少*8_iEXdhyacMiH-Egk=
众议院司法委员会正在审议那项提案5lUA4z[AyuolBg。预计众议院将在下周对这项提案进行投票|+Rds@p-1*)F40B
而这项共和党法案将加强要求警察收集使用武力报告的规定eW0O~IEh|)FiqW。该法案也将使私刑拷打定为联邦仇视犯罪,这正是民主党议员所寻求的mQuA,c~+dN@TR_a77
该提案呼吁立即停止使用锁喉动作,但是不会要求各州禁止锁喉fVNYg%U6q_v3PSS.0Rc
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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