VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):测温能保证工作场所的安全吗?
日期:2020-06-10 07:56

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Will Temperature Checks Help Protect Workers?
Businesses in the United States are opening up after closures ordered by health and other officials because of the coronavirus crisis. Many employers and employees are thinking about ways to reduce the risks of infection.
One common method to find out if people might be sick is the temperature check. It involves measuring a person's temperature as they enter a building.
Will temperature checks make the workplace safer?
Checks can reduce the risk of COVID-19 infections. However, the Associated Press recently reported that they should not be the only safety measure that employers take.
Looking for fevers will not remove all of the risks. Even without a fever, people with the virus can still be contagious, or able to spread the virus to others.
Increased space, cleaning, and hand washing are also important, the AP noted.
Some employers are using infrared thermometers, devices that take temperature measurements from a distance. Workers could use the devices to take their own temperatures, if they use hand sanitizer before and after each use.
However, the thermometers might take incorrect measurements sometimes. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notes that some kinds of head coverings, like headbands or bandannas, can make a person too hot. Also, some kinds of face wipes can cool the skin.
The American Centers for Disease Control (CDC) describes temperature checks as an "optional strategy that employers may use."
The agency adds that other protective steps, such as "social distancing (maintaining a distance of about two meters from others), or physical barriers" may be more protective.
The FDA describes normal temperatures to be around 37 degrees Celsius. A statement on the FDA's website notes that "...some studies have shown that "normal" body temperature can be within a wide range, from 36.1°C to 37.2°C."
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.protective 保护的

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Chemicals form a protective layer that resists both oil and water-based stains.
化学物质形成了一个抗油污和水渍的保护层;fHeG9jNfNcbQO3X5

2.temperatures 温度

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Temperatures can drop to freezing at night.
夜间温度可能会降到零度以下uADBhqvCu5tNUr@hFoqY

3.headbands 发带

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After vacation she started wrapping her hair with headbands every day.
旅行结束之后,莎拉每天用头巾裹住头发出门见人Fs5Q.STXWQ8daJvA=*^

4.fever 发烧

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Symptoms of the disease include fever and weight loss.
这种疾病的症状包括发烧和体重减轻gyTIg]4Fh!xWaBt003*&

5.A statement on the FDA's website notes that "...some studies have shown that "normal" body temperature can be within a wide range, from 36.1°C to 37.2°C."

wide range 大范围的

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The caterpillars feed on a wide range of trees, shrubs and plants
毛虫以各类树木、灌木和植物为食=1#EvkAj7zzF0,W12
I had access to a wide range of documents which corroborated the story
我能够查阅证实这一说法的大量文件h#O-+7n4fp[3

6.Businesses in the United States are opening up after closures ordered by health and other officials because of the coronavirus crisis.

open up 开放

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Lorna found that people were willing to open up to her.
洛娜发现人们愿意对她畅所欲言^3@qx4~Qag7Pp5sp7JH)
He said he wanted to see how Albania was opening up to the world
他说他想看看阿尔巴尼亚是如何对外开放的B#kZ&A6XC5J

参考译文

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测温能保证工作场所的安全吗?
美国各企业在因冠状病毒危机而被卫生部门和其他官员下令关闭后恢复营业*[_]RJ2*QRdV.C!。许多雇主和员工都在考虑降低感染风险的方法1QXBz,hmym.]qIwd
一种常见的检查是否生病的方法是测量体温p67(7+FX7gWJ;l。包括进入建筑物时进行体温检测O,25|iqvFpm^(S.n
测量体温真的能保证工作场所更安全吗?
测温可以降低新冠肺炎感染的风险5u*bns(uIL-G&Da^Fe!Y。然而,美联社最近报道称,测温不应该成为雇主采取的唯一安全措施cj^z6T96;7as+lP
筛查发烧人员并不能消除所有的风险a1%V-rIyCt-Q。即使没有出现发烧症状,病毒携带者仍然具有传染性,或者能够将病毒传染给其他人Sbn_;X,R^5O
美联社指出,拉大间距、清洁和洗手也同样重要e|^AM8LN_mHj%|Vd[so

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测温能保证工作场所的安全吗?.jpg
一些雇主使用红外温度计,这种设备可远距离测温EMCBpA9aFX4TU(an。员工可以用测温计自行测量体温,但在每次使用前后都要使用洗手液V[),y9#u%;kdm#R(l0eW
然而,温度计有时可能测量不准确oh=s]Qg3+dX%。美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)指出,某些种类的头巾,如发带或方巾,会让人体温偏高WibGM|D*0~。此外,一些种类的擦脸巾可以导致体表温度下降~O_[@O98&4zXUQZN%
美国疾病控制中心(CDC)将测量体温描述为“雇主可能采取的可选策略”y&fQ,Wj-g74|X%K
该机构补充说,其他保护性措施,如“社交距离(与他人保持两米左右的距离),或设置物理障碍”可能更具保护性Vtk#B7*[#HHIbr3J
美国食品和药物管理局描述的正常体温为37摄氏度左右igd-z8aGb7j。该机构网站上的一份声明指出:“……一些研究表明,“正常”的体温范围从36.1摄氏度到37.2摄氏度R(R10BBfos.&[I;hKHw@。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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