VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本诊所因疫情面临倒闭危机
日期:2020-05-29 18:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Medical Businesses in Japan Struggle to Stay Open
In Japan, many small medical centers are at risk of going out of business as a result of the coronavirus crisis. Even as the government eases COVID-19 restrictions, people continue to avoid the clinics in fear they might catch the disease there.
Now clinic owners are asking the government for help.
Toshihiko Yamazaki operates a clinic in the city of Urawa, north of Tokyo. He said clinics in the residential and office areas seem to be having a difficult time.
"Even if the state of emergency is lifted, patients won't be able to return as long as there is a risk of infection," he said.
Yamazaki has seven employees. His clinic has gotten through the crisis better than most because it is close to a major train station. Still, in April, revenue was down 17 percent.
Japan had about 16,600 coronavirus infections and around 850 deaths. It has mostly contained the virus without heavy restrictions on travel and business.
Citizens mostly have obeyed the government's call for an 80 percent cut to social interactions. Clinic visits for usual health care have decreased, as a result.
An industry organization, the Tokyo Medical Practitioner Association, surveyed 1,200 clinics in the capital. It says more than 90 percent of them suffered revenue loss in April.
The Japan Federation of Insurance Medical Associations carried out a similar survey nationwide. It found that more than 80 percent of 2,900 clinics also saw revenue loss in April.
Some of the business went to the internet, where doctors can provide telehealth services. But most doctors get only about half as much money as they would receive for in-person visits.
Experts also predict a decrease of about $4.6 billion in hospital revenues this year. Teaching hospitals have asked the government for financial aid.
And, medical and hospital groups are urging Japan's health ministry to re-direct aid for community health programs to small medical centers.
Health ministry official Kazuho Taguchi said the ministry was taking the issue seriously. Non-virus services must be continued, he added, saying the ministry was holding hearings on ways to deal with the problem of fewer patients.
Toshio Nakagawa is vice president of the Japan Medical Association. He points out that as revenue decreases, doctors may reconsider plans to buy equipment and hire workers. That, he says, could lead to a drop "in the quality of medical care."
I'm Alice Bryant.

重点解析

1.quality 质量

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Everyone can greatly improve the quality of life.
每个人都可以大大改善生活质量HLS5C%93tm4

2.decreases 下降

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The tidal stream or current gradually decreases in the shallows
浅滩上的潮水逐渐退去!I730vF&J3^^

3.reconsider 重新考虑

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We want you to reconsider your decision to resign from the board
我们希望你重新考虑辞去董事会职务的决定_vG&_RtDqy|aG.E#3ZLL

4.medical care 医疗服务

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For the homeless, private medical care is simply out of the question
对于无家可归的人而言,私人医疗纯粹是天方夜谭NVh0H~csM9l;O8[mBuM

5.Teaching hospitals have asked the government for financial aid.

financial aid 财政援助

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He gave a long account of his troubles, with the implication that he needed financial aid.
他摆了一大堆困难,言外之意是需要补助qWwqggs|!-@vP1Ec~QF
We are moving ahead with plans to send financial aid
我们提供财政援助的计划进展顺利Z!ru)hQrLjh_|

6.The Japan Federation of Insurance Medical Associations carried out a similar survey nationwide.

carried out 实施

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Two independent studies have been carried out.
两项彼此独立的研究已在进行中id%L0LF_|b_BoT9#
Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索*LtiBL(@c9

参考译文

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日本诊所因疫情面临倒闭危机
在日本,由于冠状病毒危机,许多小型医疗中心面临倒闭的风险65Nnhx)q,vj=Gcx%^FO(。尽管政府放松了对新冠肺炎的限制措施,但人们仍然不愿去诊所,担心就诊时会感染新冠病毒fhLR@Az=Jy1N3
现在诊所的经营者们正在向政府求助%zdbyIvu6H!)s
山崎俊彦(Toshihiko Yamazaki)在东京北部的浦川市经营一家诊所EgRUyirhT~cif。他表示,位于居民区和办公区的诊所似乎经营困难^hBQRP@7edB
他说:“即使紧急状态被解除了,只要有感染的风险,病人还是不会来诊所Uj03GNjdnSwO。”
山崎雇了七名员工7v2oKfa@Q!AlJGAW;Tw。在这场危机中,他的诊所比大多数诊所都好过,因为其靠近一个主要火车站@zXwT]Trnogt。尽管如此,该诊所4月份的收入还是下降了17%iSjx@35KCq0.~^;Ai

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日本诊所因疫情面临倒闭危机.jpg
日本的冠状病毒感染人数约有16600人,死亡850人iS]Pr@oS7M)。该国已经基本控制住了疫情,也没有对旅行和商业活动施加严格的限制m88GF[IJA2[K1Q
大多数市民也都遵循政府的要求,减少了80%的社交活动;7Pcpn4-O&jn_&。因此,为日常保健而去诊所的人数减少了s9kAPZqdp!e
东京都执业医师协会(Tokyo Medical physician Association)对东京的1200家诊所进行了调查sf&Yd_tpiRtd。该协会表示,其中超过90%的诊所4月份收入遭受了损失fwJ9jVAs|[;W
日本保险医学会联合会在全国进行了类似的调查a2.phsF47S|A。调查发现,在2900家诊所中,超过80%的诊所在4月份也出现了收入受损的情况f8rstGZ_P,O7qK|nmeyo
一些诊所开始把业务转向互联网,医生可以在线提供远程医疗服务YFGkJN_F5]V。但是,大多数医生获得的收入只有面诊病人时的一半i4EZ@xu~2A8
专家还预测,今年医院收入将减少约46亿美元xv(M#c!IRo@h]VX=。教学医院已经向政府申请经济援助y8%BMKk.-21v9M#D
此外,医疗和医院团体敦促日本卫生部将社区卫生项目的援助重新定向到小型医疗中心vnMd^kBOCspfo]
日本厚生省官员Kazuho Taguchi表示,厚生省正在严肃对待这一问题vW6,mp;hq;MzKv_1。他补充说,必须要继续提供非病毒类的医疗服务gN-2(vPqY=G4&0zIfx。他说,卫生部正在就如何解决患者人数减少的问题举行听证会Fu3&sOl_1e+!uHWwv92
中川俊夫(Toshio Nakagawa)是日本医学协会的副会长&|i)#sosHWd47f)z%。他指出,随着收入下降,医生可能会重新考虑购买设备和雇佣员工的计划s^pmNT#p6fx。他指出,这可能会导致“医疗质量的下降”]k50a*Bzf.
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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