VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):各国出台不同航空防疫措施
日期:2020-05-28 16:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Empty Middle Seat? Depends on Which Country You Are Flying In.
For years, travelers have gotten used to low-cost flying on planes filled with passengers. But, like everything else, the coronavirus will change their expectations.
Feng Xueli from Beijing took a flight within China recently. The airplane was full because it was permitted under Chinese rules.
"We needed to wear a mask during the flight," he said. "You also need to go through a lot of temperature checks and security checks when you leave the airport."
Travelers, airlines and airports are dealing with the different rules put in place during the pandemic. The rules are different in almost every country.
In Thailand, you cannot have food or water on the airplane and you must wear a mask. In Malaysia and Indonesia, the plane needs to be half-empty. In the United States and Europe, airlines are not required to leave the middle seat open. This means passengers cannot keep social distance.
Subhas Menon is head of the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines. He said that it is not going to be easy to travel "because of all of the measures that are going to be introduced."
The last time there were big changes in air travel was due to the 2001 attacks in the United States. Travelers "understood the security requirements that came after 9/11," said Boeing vice-president Mike Delaney. He added that international airlines need to work together to decide on the new rules for flying.
Airline service is changing too.
Business class meals were once a reason to pay for the higher level of service. Now, those meals are not much better than economy class as airlines such as Emirates, Air Canada, and British Airways cut costs. And Qantas Airways now ask passengers to check in online to limit contact with employees and other fliers.
Empty Middle Seat?
On the airplane, one of the biggest questions has been whether the middle seat should be empty.
That means airlines would only fill 65 percent of the seats on a plane with passengers - not enough to make money without increasing the cost of the seats.
Afif Zakwan recently took a Malaysia Airlines flight within the country that was not required to fly half-empty. He said he was not worried while on a short, in-country flight, but he would not fly internationally for now.
Some nations are setting rules just for airlines registered in their country, while others are setting them for all international airlines.
U.S. airlines are among those requiring passengers and crew to wear masks. They have also said they will make temperature checks.
In Europe, airlines mostly decided not to leave the middle seat empty. But they have made other changes they hope will keep passengers from worrying about coronavirus.
It is hard to social distance on an airplane, Finnair Chief Executive Topi Manner told Reuters. He added that health risks can be lowered by requiring passengers to wear masks.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.make money 盈利

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Like all businesses, we want to make money.
像所有的行业一样,我们也需要赚钱YZJwT~qdwUYOD9ah

2.international airlines 国际航班

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British Airways is one of the busiest international airlines.
英国航空公司是最忙碌的国际航空公司之一Or3,yq_wJ+]Pe

3.social distance 社会距离

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Inhabitancy configuration and collective inhabitation work on social distance.
居住形态、外来人口聚居情况也对社会距离产生影响u+2!N@8!e!F#lO-

4.health risks 健康风险

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We need to increase public awareness of the health risks.
我们需要提高大众的健康风险意识+I%=HimAP&tGCI,

5.Travelers, airlines and airports are dealing with the different rules put in place during the pandemic.

dealing with 处理;应付

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We came up against a great deal of resistance in dealing with the case.
办这个案子的过程中,我们遇到了很多阻力B1N6@U&;Cr!X=Vg(k2%
We know we're dealing with someone with a different frame of reference.
我们知道和我们打交道的人持有不同的观念j7i)_MvuaugMu#RdED

6.Travelers, airlines and airports are dealing with the different rules put in place during the pandemic.

put in place 实施

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The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
这项法令是在该国遭受了五天的全国性罢工后颁布的;%_U~N]O(_y
On the reforms front, China has put in place the basic structure for a market economy.
在改革方面,中国已经实施了市场经济的基本框架cF(2xAx!L!,dc!%qm

参考译文

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各国出台不同航空防疫措施
多年来,旅客们已经习惯了乘坐载满乘客的廉价航班Bj9t-(;^D^X_C。但是像其它所有事物一样,新冠病毒也会改变他们的期望xq]%!oMs7KFjsqJOO2*
来自北京的冯学礼(Feng Xueli)最近乘坐了一趟国内航班u!LsN5er|Qht|0eYx。机舱内座无虚席,因为这是国内规定允许的8EqNXT+nnHobkT+^2H
他说:“飞行途中乘客需要戴口罩g(&&7g#fuHNaO8Bh^ab。在离开机场时还需要进行多次体温检测和安全检查ySwK+7DY91O。”
旅客、航空公司和机场都在应对大流行期间实施的不同规定)Aa=Q-b2BYb7&。几乎每个国家的防疫规定都不同oRXAZc9cW3ig~rgv
在泰国,在飞机上不能进餐喝水,而且必须戴口罩7&~3CUdDc]PjXiIv。在马来西亚和印度尼西亚,飞机上必须空出一半座位,a08n^0G2)*ilDp8jrK-。在美国和欧洲,航空公司无须空出中间的座位57wTq0_(F)&P,++。这意味着乘客们无法保持社交距离3z&_n6d~ul1V^-f)2L

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各国出台不同航空防疫措施.jpeg
苏巴斯·梅龙(Subhas Menon)是亚太航空协会的会长rVCggr3&q=Zb,f;[。他说,由于即将出台的各项措施,出行并非易事35iwpj8bdn1f(KH
上一次航空客运发生重大变化是由于美国2001年遭受的袭击3X~uZMVVr&UG%L.*。波音公司副总裁麦克·德莱尼表示,旅客“理解911恐怖袭击后实施的安全要求hj=Ar7OP8#DSq4U5。”他还表示,国际航空公司需要共同努力来制定新的飞行规则6#v!FXOfjy~jlwAFs]
航空公司的服务也在发生变化zGCHq|fR.[V#|FeX1_r
商务舱餐饮曾经是付费获得更好服务的原因之一c~;v3t^IWXvb。如今,这些餐饮与经济舱的相差无几,因为阿联酋航空、加拿大航空、英国航空等航空公司都在削减成本(SK^(h^Y_OUy。澳大利亚航空现在要求乘客在线办理登机手续,以限制乘客与工作人员及其它乘客的接触xzVYP*FNiH;56T@B%3
空出中间座位?
乘机时,是否应该空出中间座位成为最大的问题之一DMbr#|6WK~atd
这意味着航空公司的上座率只有65%,在不提高座位价格的情况下无法实现盈利5_f_x@a-~e1z;Bk.
阿菲夫·扎克旺(Afif Zakwan)最近乘坐了马来西亚航空公司的国内航班,这趟航班不要求空出半数座位XL_6v(b8y]i@6@*,;Z。他说,国内的短途飞行他并不担心,但是他暂时不考虑搭乘国际航班~)qG5q|2!g1I-M
一些国家仅针对在本国注册的航空公司制定规则,而另一些国家则对所有国际航空公司制定规则1;pb6X4nG96t74
美国的航空公司也要求乘客和机组人员戴口罩C%,@r40n5]E。他们还表示,将会进行体温检测AzR]zPgLU-
在欧洲,大多数航空公司决定不空出中间的座位,AX4##8_m][6j-eG。但是他们做出了其它改变,希望这些改变能让乘客们不再担忧新冠病毒725GAWx[rNC3H71,%5@O
芬兰航空首席执行官托皮·曼纳(Topi Manner)对路透社表示,在飞机上很难保持社交距离U[4L=mFa#Eg。他还表示,要求乘客戴口罩可以降低健康风险JWll0cNXOQlVRjFV3a
苏珊·尚德为您播报X1[o|d%7|pn~(.3a0eY

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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