13 Percent of World’s Museums May Not Reopen after Pandemic
Two studies show that museums are another part of the world economy that has been greatly weakened by the coronavirus pandemic.
The studies report that 90 percent of museums worldwide have been forced to close and stop in-person operations during the crisis. Of more than 85,000 closed museums, an estimated 13 percent are at risk of never reopening again because of heavy financial losses.
The studies were carried out by the International Council of Museums (ICOM) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The two studies sought to understand the full effects of COVID-19 on museums worldwide. The research also looked at changes cultural organizations have made to survive the pandemic.
UNESCO and ICOM say they will use this information to find ways to support institutions after life returns closer to normal.
The studies found that only 5 percent of the museums in Africa and the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) were able to offer online materials to their visitors.
Even museums with online offerings will face a major decrease in earnings if they are not able to welcome visitors in person. This reduces their ability to support their employees and continue operations and public outreach.
UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay said in a statement that museums play a part in the "resilience of societies. We must help them cope with this crisis and keep them in touch with their audiences."
Azoulay noted that the pandemic has brought attention to the fact that half of the world's population lacks access to digital technologies. "We must work to promote access to culture for everyone," she said.
In the United States, the American Alliance of Museums estimates museums are losing $33 million a day.
Another estimate shows nonprofit arts and cultural organizations across the U.S. had lost more than $5.5 billion by mid-May. That number comes from a study by Americans for the Arts.
This month, UNESCO plans to begin discussions among international professionals about how to deal with the problems facing museums. The talks are part of its ResiliArt movement, which was first established to support artists affected by the COVID-19 crisis. The first three events will center around the situation in Central and South America.
I'm Ashley Thompson.
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5.Azoulay noted that the pandemic has brought attention to the fact that half of the world's population lacks access to digital technologies.
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6.Azoulay noted that the pandemic has brought attention to the fact that half of the world's population lacks access to digital technologies.
brought attention to 使...关注
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研究报告指出，全球90%的博物馆在这场健康危机期间被迫关门或停止现场运营 。在超过8.5万家关闭的博物馆中，估计有13%的博物馆由于严重的财务亏损面临无法恢复营业的风险 。
这两项研究试图了解新冠肺炎对全球博物馆的影响 。该研究还考察了文化组织为抵御大流行做出的改革措施 。
如果无法现场接待游客，即使能够提供在线服务，收入也将会大幅下降 。这降低了他们支持员工、继续运营和提供公共服务的能力 。
联合国教科文组织总干事奥黛丽·阿祖莱（Audrey Azoulay）在一份声明中表示，博物馆在“社会恢复力方面发挥了作用 。我们必须帮助他们应对这场危机，让他们与游客们联系起来 。”
阿祖莱指出，这次的大流行让人们意识到，全球一半人口无法使用数字技术 。她说：“我们必须努力让所有人获得接触文化的机会 。”
另一项估算显示，截至5月中旬，美国各地的非营利性艺术和文化组织损失了超过55亿美元 。这一数字源于美国艺术协会的一项研究 。
本月，联合国军教科文组织计划与国际专业人员讨论如何应对博物馆面临的窘境 。这次会谈是“恢复艺术”运动的一部分，该运动旨在支援受新冠肺炎影响的艺术家 。首批的三项活动将集中围绕中美洲和南美洲的局势 。