Coronavirus Misinformation Presents Problems for Tech Companies
Companies in Silicon Valley, California, America's technology capital, recently hurried to remove a misleading video from their websites. The video was of a discredited researcher sharing several questionable or false theories about the new coronavirus, including that it was part of a plot by powerful people.
However, internet companies could not take the video down quickly enough. Millions of people watched and reposted the 26-minute video called Plandemic, over several days. And it gained a huge following in Facebook groups that oppose vaccines or are protesting state leaders' stay-at-home orders.
The spread of Plandemic demonstrates how easy it is to use social media to quickly share possibly problematic material to lots of people. It also shows how difficult it is for platforms to stop that spread.
Anti-vaccine activist Judy Mikovits created the video, in which she makes several unsupported claims. She tells her audience that the virus was manufactured in a laboratory, and that medical workers inject it into people through influenza vaccinations. She also claimed that wearing face protection could lead to a coronavirus infection. These ideas helped strengthen and grow a social media army distrustful of the virus's threat.
There are still many unanswered questions about the virus, which has changed everyone's lives. This has led many to distrust officials dealing with the crisis. People shared the video again and again on YouTube, Facebook and Instagram. The video continues to spread even after the companies removed it from their sites.
One poster on a private Facebook group called Reopen California wrote, "The other video has already been deleted by YouTube. ... Let's get it to another million! Modern day book burning at its finest."
Ari Lightman is a professor of digital media at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He spoke to The Associated Press about the video.
"Once it is available, it has an infinite lifespan," he said.
In just a few days, two of Mikovits' books became best-sellers on Amazon. Conservative radio talk shows and podcasts began playing the audio from Plandemic. She also appeared on politically extreme, internet shows to talk about the video.
Mikovits did not answer The Associated Press' request for comment.
Ten years ago, Mikovits tried to spread a false theory that a virus known as XMRV in mice causes the condition called chronic fatigue syndrome.
Efforts by social media platforms to delete and ban Plandemic have led to the spread of other questionable claims, including that tech companies try to hide truths about the coronavirus.
Facebook said it is removing full copies of the video that include Mikovits' suggestion that face masks can make a person sick. The company said that claim could "lead to imminent harm." YouTube and Vimeo both said the video violated their rules on harmful misinformation. Twitter said it had limited the spread of the video on its platform.
I'm Pete Musto.
Yet the imminent crisis in its balance of payments may be the President's nemesis.
The train was about to leave and I was not even on the platform.
The guards were removing a section of fencing to let it through.
The book is one of his best-sellers.
5.In just a few days, two of Mikovits' books became best-sellers on Amazon.
In just a few days 仅几天
To think that in just a few days we'll be parting.
Your bank card and check book will be ready in just a few days.
6.However, internet companies could not take the video down quickly enough.
take down 记下；拿下
Gil rose and went to his bookcase and took down a volume.
I took down his comments in shorthand.
最近，美国科技之都 -- 加州硅谷的公司纷纷将各自网站上一段误导性视频删除 。该视频是一位不足信的研究人员分享的关于新冠病毒的数条不可信或错误的理论，包括称其为权势人物策划的阴谋的一部分 。
然而，互联网公司无法迅速撤下视频 。短短数日有数万人观看并转发了这条长达26分钟，名为《Plandemic》的视频 。这条视频在反疫苗或抗议州领导人发布的居家令的脸书网群组中获得了大量支持者 。
《Plandemic》的传播表明，利用社交媒体向大批网友分享可能存在问题的内容是多么容易 。同样也揭露了社交平台要阻止这类信息传播有多困难 。
反疫苗活动家朱迪·米科维茨（Judy Mikovits）制作了这段视频，并在视频中提出了一些毫无根据的主张 。她告诉网友，该病毒是实验室制造出来的，医院人员通过流感疫苗将其注射到人体内 。她还声称，戴口罩可能会导致新冠病毒感染 。这些观点帮助增强或壮大了一支不相信病毒威胁的社交媒体大军 。
关于这种改变了每个人生活的病毒仍然有很多未解之谜 。这导致很多人不信任应对这次危机的官员 。人们在YouTube、脸书和Instagram网站上不断转发这段视频 。即使这些公司删除了网站上的视频，却仍然阻止不了其传播 。
一个名为“解封加州”的脸书网私人群组的用户写道：“另一段视频已经被YouTube删除 。咱们再转发个100万次 。让这本现代书以最旺的火势燃烧起来 。”
阿里·莱特曼（Ari Lightman）是宾夕法尼亚州匹兹堡市卡内基·梅隆大学的一名数字媒体学教授 。他对美联社谈到了这段视频 。
短短数日，米科维茨的两本书就成为了亚马逊网站上的畅销书 。保守电台脱口秀以及播客开始播放《Plandemic》的音频 。她还在政治极端的互联网节目中现身谈论这段视频 。
脸书网表示，将删除这段视频的完整副本，其中包括米科维茨声称口罩会致人患病 。该公司表示，这种说法可能会“导致迫在眉睫的伤害 。” YouTube和Vimeo网站都表示该视频违反了其关于有害错误信息的规定 。推特方面称，已经限制该视频在其平台上传播 。