Farmers, Suppliers Keep World Fed During Health Crisis
From Asia to America, the spread of coronavirus has caused huge problems for the systems that usually bring food to people's tables.
For example, the health crisis has closed factories and threatened the meat supply in the United States. People cannot not go to restaurants and markets under stay-at-home orders. Foreign laborers cannot cross borders to help gather fruits and vegetables at harvest time. And crops are left to die in the fields as workers cannot reach them.
It is forcing suppliers to change their normal processes to deal with harvesting, transporting and distributing food. But many farms and companies are making needed changes quickly.
Cutting out middlemen
Didier Lenoble operates a family farm near Paris. He is now using the internet to sell vegetables. The usual street shops he supplies are temporarily closed because of the coronavirus crisis. "It is a whole new business," he said.
Rungis International Market, Europe's biggest food market, sits just south of Paris. Its online service has increased home deliveries from 250 a month to 6,500 a week in and around the French capital.
In India, Sahyadri Farms now makes daily deliveries to 3,000 city customers. Sahyadri is a cooperative in the western state of Maharashtra that processes fruit and vegetables for export.
Customers order online, after India's stay-at-home orders hurt the supply system and left some farmers feeding their crops to animals. A head of the cooperative said Sahyadri is cutting out people in the middle of the supply system and farmers and customers are happy.
In the U.S., restaurant owners and suppliers are trying new ways to reach people. Chicago-based Park and Field sells grocery and meal boxes to families at home. Gunthorp Farms in Lagrange, Indiana is selling chicken directly to customers. That chicken used to only be sold to restaurants.
For some suppliers, the issue has been keeping up with demand for fast-selling basic foods such as eggs, flour and pasta. Pasta and flour makers in North America and Europe are running some production lines 24 hours a day.
Other suppliers are turning to new groups of workers.
Finding new workers
U.S. fruit company Driscoll's has given jobs to restaurant and hotel workers that lost their jobs during the crisis.
Omar Cortes Arteaga lost his job at an automobile factory. He now works at Green Gold Farms, a supplier to Driscoll's. Arteaga, and other workers wear masks and have temperature checks before going into the fields. "The job is helping me with my bills," he said.
Finding seasonal workers is critical in Europe, where spring harvests are at risk because the usually huge number of migrant laborers cannot leave home.
Spain is the European Union's biggest fruit and vegetable exporter. The country has responded by letting unemployed people take farm jobs while keeping government aid payments. And it has extended work permits for the foreign laborers already in the country.
In France, 15,000 workers who lost other jobs will help avoid the possible shortage of foreign laborers this spring. Germany, Britain and Ireland are permitting companies to bring in trained workers from other European Union states on special flights with quarantine measures. And Russia might use prisoners to help out with farming.
The U.S. has exempted foreign laborers from a temporary ban on immigration during the crisis to help farms and businesses. And an Iraq official said farm workers were exempted from curfew measures and farmers were permitted to move harvesting machinery around the country.
I'm Alice Bryant.
1.foreign laborers 外国劳工
Since the second half of the 1980s, a large number of foreign laborers have poured into ROK from the other Asian countries constantly.
2.health crisis 健康危机
This situation could lead to a public health crisis.
3.meat supply 肉类供应
This area have a great deal of meat to supply, but no vegetable.
We thank you for your cooperative efforts.
5.A head of the cooperative said Sahyadri is cutting out people in the middle of the supply system and farmers and customers are happy.
cut out 切断；删去
He doesn't feel he is cut out to be a leader.
He could also have cut out much of the repetition and thus saved many pages.
6.A head of the cooperative said Sahyadri is cutting out people in the middle of the supply system and farmers and customers are happy.
in the middle of 在...中间
Their long-prepared offensive was launched in the middle of March.
I woke up in the middle of the night and could hear a tapping on the window
例如，这场健康危机导致工厂关闭，并威胁到美国的肉类供应 。人们因为居家令无法去餐馆和市场 。外国务工人员在收获季节无法越境帮助采摘果蔬 。由于人手不够，庄稼只能烂在地里 。
供应商因此被迫改变正常的处理收割、运输和分派粮食的程序 。不过很多农场和企业正在迅速做出必要的改变 。
迪迪埃·勒诺布尔(Didier Lenoble)在巴黎附近经营着一处家庭农场 。他现在利用互联网销售蔬菜 。由于冠状病毒危机，他平时经营的街头店铺已暂时关闭 。他说，“这是一个全新的商业模式” 。
朗格斯国际食品市场是欧洲最大的食品市场，坐落在巴黎南部 。在法国首都及其周边地区，该市场的线上服务已将送货上门的频率从每月250次提高至每周6500次 。
在印度，Sahyadri农场现在每天向3000名城市客户送货 。Sahyadri是印度西部马哈拉施特拉邦的一个合作社，负责加工水果和蔬菜出口 。
在印度的居家令损害了供应系统，并导致一些农民只能把作物喂养给动物后，消费者开始在网上订购 。合作社的一位负责人表示，Sahyadri减少了供应系统的中间商，农民和消费者都很高兴 。
在美国，餐馆老板和供应商正在尝试新的方式来吸引顾客 。总部位于芝加哥的Park and Field公司面向家庭出售食品杂货和饭盒 。位于印第安纳州拉格朗日的冈索普农场直接向顾客出售鸡肉 。过去，这类食品只供应给餐馆 。
对一些供应商来说，这一问题一直与鸡蛋、面粉和意大利面等基础畅销食品需求保持一致 。北美和欧洲的意大利面和面粉制造商每天24小时都在运行一些生产线 。
在一家汽车厂工作的奥马尔·科尔特斯·阿特加失业了 。现在，他在“Green Gold Farms”农场工作，该农场是Driscoll的供应商 。阿特加和其他工人在进入田间前要佩戴口罩并进行测温 。他说，“这份工作帮助我支付了账单” 。
西班牙是欧盟最大的水果和蔬菜出口国 。作为回应，该国允许失业人员从事农业工作，同时保留政府援助款项 。西班牙还延长了国内外来务工者的工作许可期限 。
在法国，1.5万名失业的工人将有助于弥补今年春季可能出现的外国劳工短缺 。德国、英国和爱尔兰允许公司利用带有隔离措施的特殊航班从其他欧盟国家引进有经验的工人 。俄罗斯可能会发动囚犯来帮助农耕 。
美国在金融危机期间暂时禁止外国劳工入境，以帮助农场和企业 。一名伊拉克官员表示，农场工人不受宵禁措施的限制，农民可以在全国范围内移动收割机械 。