Largest University System in US, Cal State, Moves Fall Classes Online
California State University, the largest university system in the United States, announced that it will move online all fall season classes because of the coronavirus.
In a statement on Tuesday, Chancellor Timothy White said, "Virtual planning is necessary because it might not be possible for some students, faculty and staff to safely travel to campus." The announcement came on the same day U.S. health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.
The California State University (Cal State) has 23 campuses and nearly 500,000 students. It is the first major university to tell students that they will not return to campus when the new school year begins.
Some colleges, including University of Pennsylvania and University of California at Berkeley, say some or all teaching for the fall may be provided online. Others, like Stanford, Princeton and the University of Chicago, are waiting for more information before making decisions.
The Chronicle of Higher Education magazine is keeping a list of colleges' plans for reopening. It says the large majority of American colleges, 70 percent, say they are planning for in-person classes when the new school year begins.
Christina Paxson is the president of Brown University in Rhode Island. She wrote in The New York Times newspaper that the "reopening of college and university campuses in the fall should be a national priority."
Paxson said colleges should develop plans to control the spread of infections through testing, tracing and physical distancing to bring students back on campus.
Paxon also noted that higher education employs three million people and contribute $600 billion to the nation's economy.
Many colleges are already worried that large numbers of students will not return for online classes. There is widespread fear that the troubled economy will leave many Americans unable to pay for college. And international students will not attend because of travel restrictions during the coronavirus crisis.
Several universities, including Ohio State and Nebraska, have returned money to students for housing and meals to students after in-person classes were cancelled. Students across the U.S. are also taking legal action against universities. The students say they did not get the quality of education they were promised.
In a legal action against Drexel University, Grainger Rickenbaker, a 21-year-old student from South Carolina, said the online classes were poor substitutes for classroom learning. He told the Associated Press that some classes were being taught almost entirely through recorded videos, with no class discussion possible.
On Tuesday night, Chancellor White told the Cal State's Board of Trustees that the university "is a place where over 500,000 people come together in close and vibrant proximity with each other on a daily basis." He noted that is not possible now.
The university leader listed several possible exceptions for in-person classes, including those in nursing, science, and art.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.travel to 前往
Many people travel to work by car.
The talks could have taken place over the phone, but Mayer believed in-person was best.
3.come together 集合
The family must come together for the parents'silver wedding.
4.legal action 法律诉讼
Martin was thinking of taking legal action against Zuckerman.
5.Health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.
result in 导致
The breakdown of law and order could result in killing on a massive scale.
Food allergies can result in an enormous variety of different symptoms.
6.Health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.
too soon 过快
It's too soon to give a definite answer
English students are forced to learn too much too soon.
校长蒂莫西·怀特（Timothy White）在周二的一份声明中表示：“虚拟规划很有必要，因为某些学生和教职员可能无法安全地返校 。”该公告出台的同一天，美国卫生专家警告称，过早“解封”美国可能会面临痛苦、死亡以及损害经济 。
加州大学有23个校区和近50万名学生 。这是第一所通知学生新学年开学时不返校的主要大学 。
包括宾夕法尼亚大学和加州大学伯克利分校在内的一些大学宣布，秋季的部分或全部课程可能会在网上进行 。斯坦福大学、普林斯顿大学和芝加哥大学等其它大学还在观望情况再做决定 。
《高等教育纪事》杂志记录了一份计划复学的大学名单 。该杂志称，美国70%的绝大多数大学都表示，计划在新学年开学后开设面授课程 。
克里斯蒂娜·帕克森是罗德岛布朗大学的校长 。她在《纽约时报》上撰文称，“秋季重新开放高校校园应该是一项国家级优先事项 。”
很多高校开始担心，大量学生不会为了网课而返校 。人们普遍担心，经济陷入困境会导致很多美国人负担不起大学学费 。由于新冠病毒危机期间的旅行限制，留学生也不会返校 。
包括俄亥俄州立内布拉斯加州立大学在内的几所大学在取消面授课程之后都退还了学生的住宿费和餐费 。美国各地学生也在起诉大学 。这些学生称没有得到所承诺的教学质量 。
在一起针对德雷克塞尔大学(Drexel University)的起诉中，21岁的南卡罗来纳州学生Grainger Rickenbaker表示，在线课程无法完整替代课堂学习 。他告诉美联社，有些课程几乎完全是通过录制视频来教授的，课堂讨论是不可能实现的 。
周二晚上，怀特校长对加州大学董事会表示，该大学“每天有50多万人聚在一起，每天亲密和充满活力的互相接触 。”他指出，现在不太可能这样做了 。