VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):加州大学秋季课程全部线上授课
日期:2020-05-14 18:13

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Largest University System in US, Cal State, Moves Fall Classes Online
California State University, the largest university system in the United States, announced that it will move online all fall season classes because of the coronavirus.
In a statement on Tuesday, Chancellor Timothy White said, "Virtual planning is necessary because it might not be possible for some students, faculty and staff to safely travel to campus." The announcement came on the same day U.S. health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.
The California State University (Cal State) has 23 campuses and nearly 500,000 students. It is the first major university to tell students that they will not return to campus when the new school year begins.
Some colleges, including University of Pennsylvania and University of California at Berkeley, say some or all teaching for the fall may be provided online. Others, like Stanford, Princeton and the University of Chicago, are waiting for more information before making decisions.
The Chronicle of Higher Education magazine is keeping a list of colleges' plans for reopening. It says the large majority of American colleges, 70 percent, say they are planning for in-person classes when the new school year begins.
Christina Paxson is the president of Brown University in Rhode Island. She wrote in The New York Times newspaper that the "reopening of college and university campuses in the fall should be a national priority."
Paxson said colleges should develop plans to control the spread of infections through testing, tracing and physical distancing to bring students back on campus.
Paxon also noted that higher education employs three million people and contribute $600 billion to the nation's economy.
Many colleges are already worried that large numbers of students will not return for online classes. There is widespread fear that the troubled economy will leave many Americans unable to pay for college. And international students will not attend because of travel restrictions during the coronavirus crisis.
Several universities, including Ohio State and Nebraska, have returned money to students for housing and meals to students after in-person classes were cancelled. Students across the U.S. are also taking legal action against universities. The students say they did not get the quality of education they were promised.
In a legal action against Drexel University, Grainger Rickenbaker, a 21-year-old student from South Carolina, said the online classes were poor substitutes for classroom learning. He told the Associated Press that some classes were being taught almost entirely through recorded videos, with no class discussion possible.
On Tuesday night, Chancellor White told the Cal State's Board of Trustees that the university "is a place where over 500,000 people come together in close and vibrant proximity with each other on a daily basis." He noted that is not possible now.
The university leader listed several possible exceptions for in-person classes, including those in nursing, science, and art.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.travel to 前往

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Many people travel to work by car.
很多人开车去上班3*7mA&^_PJSC7h

2.in-person 亲自

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The talks could have taken place over the phone, but Mayer believed in-person was best.
会谈本来可以通过电话进行,但是梅耶尔认为面谈效果最好+s^0g;]SGd

3.come together 集合

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The family must come together for the parents'silver wedding.
全家必须聚会,庆祝父母的银婚VfjuPmiVJTIuL

4.legal action 法律诉讼

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Martin was thinking of taking legal action against Zuckerman.
马丁在考虑对朱克曼提起诉讼+jP.AT+#F41

5.Health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.

result in 导致

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The breakdown of law and order could result in killing on a massive scale.
法治一旦崩溃可能导致大肆杀戮-S.8,Uni6_FoO5;
Food allergies can result in an enormous variety of different symptoms.
食物过敏会引发很多不同的症状yJps#=sjOl4

6.Health experts warned that reopening the country too soon could result in suffering, death, and harm to the economy.

too soon 过快

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It's too soon to give a definite answer
要给出一个明确的答复,现在还为时过早o4NiVMpUnN+
English students are forced to learn too much too soon.
英国学生被迫在极短的时间内学习太多的东西FyRaCPn]eNj;I

参考译文

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加州大学秋季课程全部线上授课
美国最大的大学系统加州大学宣布,由于新冠病毒,该校计划将全部秋季课程通过网络进行hd&knbo[t1CTU~mO
校长蒂莫西·怀特(Timothy White)在周二的一份声明中表示:“虚拟规划很有必要,因为某些学生和教职员可能无法安全地返校@4!+FwgxL#Q。”该公告出台的同一天,美国卫生专家警告称,过早“解封”美国可能会面临痛苦、死亡以及损害经济sh~F52#gpTKqcj1_
加州大学有23个校区和近50万名学生P3pS#jefzL~jipM。这是第一所通知学生新学年开学时不返校的主要大学78F9[VyKlYWFZP
包括宾夕法尼亚大学和加州大学伯克利分校在内的一些大学宣布,秋季的部分或全部课程可能会在网上进行vRr4AKiQ1#。斯坦福大学、普林斯顿大学和芝加哥大学等其它大学还在观望情况再做决定k3X*C%=;_^Srw-
《高等教育纪事》杂志记录了一份计划复学的大学名单0z^YBgw@j*。该杂志称,美国70%的绝大多数大学都表示,计划在新学年开学后开设面授课程BEul]PoOC~yxYr

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加州大学秋季课程全部线上授课.jpg
克里斯蒂娜·帕克森是罗德岛布朗大学的校长wSQqYZ~JEhZ[。她在《纽约时报》上撰文称,“秋季重新开放高校校园应该是一项国家级优先事项,YuAiYWau1。”
帕克森表示,大学应该制定好计划,通过检测、追踪和保持距离来控制疫情,让学生们安全返校*!elFFF_ebi_],Bvgg
帕克森还指出,美国高等教育拥有30万雇员,并为美国经济贡献了6000亿美元gf2KPjpstTt9H
很多高校开始担心,大量学生不会为了网课而返校m#P@oH|A~(s。人们普遍担心,经济陷入困境会导致很多美国人负担不起大学学费pY=G1bV3Wrl2UPV4Yj。由于新冠病毒危机期间的旅行限制,留学生也不会返校23##qr~!8P0
包括俄亥俄州立内布拉斯加州立大学在内的几所大学在取消面授课程之后都退还了学生的住宿费和餐费=*#B(=c[REcSe@uhGNv。美国各地学生也在起诉大学Per|G9XNX*BSUk0。这些学生称没有得到所承诺的教学质量fmz&~MF=u[c[DIy0
在一起针对德雷克塞尔大学(Drexel University)的起诉中,21岁的南卡罗来纳州学生Grainger Rickenbaker表示,在线课程无法完整替代课堂学习~6j(@*LPojqJt)YPp。他告诉美联社,有些课程几乎完全是通过录制视频来教授的,课堂讨论是不可能实现的w]8rl;EcA4KJ~rP.
周二晚上,怀特校长对加州大学董事会表示,该大学“每天有50多万人聚在一起,每天亲密和充满活力的互相接触y&!5b1uUujy.。”他指出,现在不太可能这样做了1wA8YW5j(Fmz63~U
这位大学校长列出了适用于面授课程的几种例外情况,包括护理、科学和艺术|9)Xc1YHV9
卡蒂·韦佛为您播报a9qaF!hjDmCr@Z~(@H

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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