VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国食品银行因疫情告急
日期:2020-04-27 16:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Pandemic Causes Rise in Need for Food Banks in US
American Brooklyn Dotson needed food. Dotson had worked at a warehouse in Tennessee, but she lost her job. She told the government about her situation in hopes of getting financial aid for the unemployed. But her first payment had yet to arrive.
So, the young Nashville woman drove almost 50 kilometers to the GraceWorks Ministries food bank in Franklin. There, workers loaded about $350 worth of food into her car.
"I don't have any income coming in...it's just hard to get any help right now," Dotson said. She spoke with The Associated Press while waiting in line at GraceWorks.
Food banks across the United States stay busy even in the best of economic times. Now, however, the coronavirus pandemic has brought increased demand as millions of people like Dotson are unexpectedly out of work.
"About 50 percent of the people coming through our lines have never been here before," said Valencia A. Breckenridge, who serves as president of Graceworks.
Lack of donations
Just as demand for food is increasing, however, many of the people and places that offered donations in the past have stopped. Restaurants and hotels are closed or have reduced operations. At other times, they gave all their extra food to food banks.
"It is a perfect storm scenario," said Katie Fitzgerald. She is chief operating officer of Feeding America. It is an organization representing more than 60,000 food banks nationwide.
Feeding America has seen an increase in demand from 98 percent of its member food banks, one study found.
In recent legislation, the U.S. Congress included money for emergency food aid. Fitzgerald has warned that the money may take months to reach local neighborhoods. She notes that the demand is now. The $100 million that billionaire Jeff Bezos promised to her organization on April 2 was already given out last week, she noted.
"When people say what do you need the most, we need food and money," said Nancy Keil. She is president and chief executive officer of Second Harvest Food Bank of Middle Tennessee.
Keeping volunteers safe from the virus
Food banks have also had to find ways to give out their food supplies while keeping their workers safe from the coronavirus.
The San Francisco-Marin Food Bank in California has built "pop-up" food banks after some of its sites closed because of the pandemic, a spokeswoman said. The newest sites serve hundreds of people every day. They are open for longer hours and use open spaces to enforce social distance.
Many older adults work as volunteers at food banks, which creates another problem. Older people face a greater risk from the coronavirus.
The East Nashville Cooperative Ministry food bank has considered closing because so many of its volunteers are older adults.
Judy Wahlstrom, age 70, directs the program. She has refused to stop her volunteer work, but taken steps to protect herself. Only one person is permitted to enter the food bank at a time, and she now wears a face mask.
"I said, ‘If I get it, I get it,'" Wahlstrom said. "I don't have anybody at home dependent on me. I said, ‘I got to keep it open.'"
At the Regional Food Bank of Oklahoma, spokeswoman Cathy Nestlen said nearly 45,000 people helped out last year. This year the group is using more paid employees to reduce the number of volunteers.
The bank acts as a food distribution center for hundreds of smaller food banks. It recently moved to a six-day work week and is considering going to seven days a week.
Oklahoma is one of the states that had a high level of malnutrition in the country before the virus, Nestlen said.
"When a household becomes economically insecure, they almost immediately become food-insecure," she added.
I'm Jill Robbins.

重点解析

1.food banks 食品银行

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Kraft Foods ( krft) and other companies have programs to donate meals to food banks.
卡夫食品(Kraft Foods)和其他公司则有向食物银行捐赠饭菜的活动=)MT^jQ_.FV

2.face mask 口罩

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Wear safety goggles and use a face mask if you are creating dust.
如果你的工作会产生粉尘请戴上护目镜和面罩UO|GiddArVt)

3.depend on 依赖

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Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.
穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计%3jAZxwO.7zjWsii4D+

4.give out 分发

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He wouldn't give out any information.
他不愿透露任何消息Az[NMr=oU^dF*x=M%

5.Food banks have also had to find ways to give out their food supplies while keeping their workers safe from the coronavirus.

find ways to 设法做某事

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We will find ways to get over the difficulties.
我们会找到办法来克服困难的h%yR4b1mu5~nW
By figuring out these things, you will be able to find ways to save and invest more.
算清这笔账,你就找到省钱和投资的方法了WN%p-ZNPK!ax

6.She has refused to stop her volunteer work, but taken steps to protect herself.

taken steps to 采取措施

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I had already taken steps to speed up a solution to the problem.
我已经采取措施加快解决该问题71.zi#*)*.[0
Have you taken steps to protect your home?
你有没有采取保护你的住宅的措施?

参考译文

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美国食品银行因疫情告急
美国人布鲁克林·多森(Brooklyn Dotson)需要食物-)QR7tk[TfPn^。多森曾在田纳西州的一家仓库工作,但她失业了5|Oj4PjC*4qX。她向政府透露了自身处境,希望能得到失业人员的经济援助pN1SH[pe|Sz&sPCPBSU。但是她的第一笔救助还没有收到n-A_d_ZgiD8I88
因此,这位年轻的纳什维尔女性驱车近50公里到富兰克林的GraceWorks Ministries食品银行O;G#+fj~H)ic。在那里,工作人员将价值350美元的食物装进了她的车内]*Xe!e8-8*bqq
“我没有任何收入来源……现在很难得到任何帮助,”多森说道(xp63nL&h!6;。她在GraceWorks排队时接受了美联社的采访=gBl9o.n6du1l
即使在经济最繁荣的时期,美国各地的食品银行仍然十分忙碌bLHuA=UG;;9#。然而现在,随着数百万名多森这样的人意外失业,冠状病毒大流行导致食品需求猛增))cd%tP7B+6
Graceworks的总裁瓦伦西亚·布雷肯里奇(Valencia A. Breckenridge)表示,“来这里排队的人中,大约有50%以前从未来过.j9.Fpb7*FH@f4ZcbJ。”
缺乏捐赠

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美国食品银行因疫情告急.jpg
然而,就在人们对食物的需求不断增长的同时,许多曾提供捐赠的人和地方已经停止了供应1yEej*#poXv3W。餐馆和酒店关门或减少营业bW0A*gotX7I!^V_v。以往,他们会把所有多余的食物都捐给食物银行_#H84u[sTN
凯蒂·菲茨杰拉德,“现在的情况是雪上加霜”Wqt*3Do[TMjxS!eED8。她是“美国赈饥”的首席运营官G1T48Xy;78L%#]dR-Q=。这是一个代表全国6万多家食品银行的组织qI4Xg^_Vo.L^.l)7,n
一项研究发现,“美国赈饥”组织旗下98%的食品银行的需求都有所增加5vP)fH3&BT
在最近的立法中,美国国会为紧急粮食援助提供了资金m.qqXGbPiAP%lP6bW5。菲茨杰拉德警告称,这笔资金可能需要数月才能到达当地社区~0#w,.-1^wTNST。她指出,当下要解决的是燃眉之急,wAa3SLRC*mI,,MwZWgc。她指出,亿万富翁贝佐斯(Jeff Bezos)在4月2日向她的组织承诺的1亿美元已于上周投入使用f7V2CvOa5H0A;kDQ^
南希·凯尔说,“当人们问最需要什么时,我们需要食物和资金”0SxRQwk4c|j。她是田纳西州中部Second Harvest食品银行的总裁兼首席执行官RzusA&X5;!M8i
保护志愿者远离病毒
食品银行还必须设法分发食品供应,同时保证工作人员免受冠状病毒的感染rVfc&o%k|AQhD@eX
加州旧金山-马林食品银行(San Francisco-Marin Food Bank)的一名女发言人称,该银行的一些服务点因冠状病毒大流行关闭,随后该银行建起了“弹出式”食品银行^dBdOo[TlS。新开设的服务点每天为数百人提供服务t]^UN2&zpRUm。开放的时间更长,并利用开放的空间来保持社会距离qDM0RpfDDRQ
许多老年人在食品银行做志愿者,这造成另一个问题=H!gg3K8(kV。老年人感染冠状病毒的风险更大8bfY^B&b=ykNYA7i8Wp
东纳什维尔合作食品银行已经考虑关闭,因为该机构的许多志愿者都是老年人k8jA0#I;5j。 一70岁的朱迪·瓦尔斯特伦(Judy Wahlstrom)是该项目的负责人bu3)fDWrzbL3)308a&x。她拒绝停止志愿者的工作,不过会采取措施保护自己7EwHOg6Mkoz。每次只允许一个人进入食品库,而她现在戴上了口罩SBm(=,fv0!x.#H
“我说,‘如果感染了,那就感染吧,’”瓦尔斯特伦说-tF8z1E|OV3。“反正家里没人依赖我|qRs.9O*5N4z。我说,‘我得保证店一直开门%*WOv%JYpQepaa-^c。’”
俄克拉荷马地区食品银行的女发言人凯西·内斯特伦表示,去年有近4.5万人伸出了援手!D#aD_Yq|ru。今年,该组织正在雇佣更多带薪员工来减少志愿者的数量5fk!%PLtu].Iga
这家银行是数百家小型食品银行的食品配送中心b|&nYp7(@,N0-=Er1。该公司最近将工作时间改为每周六天,并正在考虑将工作时间改为每周七天M!Dit*Mk&aB;#M-Q)
内斯特伦指出,俄克拉何马州是疫情爆发前营养不良状况严重的州之一==HY+b*(7rg82#)E2
她补充说:“当一个家庭在经济方面出现危机时,那么几乎食物危机也会接踵而来rODeY-cIH7ex。”
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报asm(mxWbE5sL6bAKdT

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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