VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新研究--拼车服务会加剧污染
日期:2020-03-08 21:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A new study has found that ride-sharing services result in much more pollution than other kinds of private and public transportation.

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Ride-sharing trips also draw passengers away from more environment friendly methods of travel, like public transportation, walking or biking, the study found.
Several studies in recent years have suggested that ride-sharing services like Uber and Lyft can worsen traffic problems in cities, which continue to have high rates of private vehicle ownership.
The new study, carried out by the not-for-profit group Union of Concerned Scientists, represents an attempt to center on how ride-sharing services affect pollution. The research examined the effects of ride-sharing services on seven of America's largest cities.
Overall, the researchers reported that ride-sharing trips now result in an estimated 69 percent more climate pollution on average than the trips they displace. The study notes that the same passengers could have chosen to travel by bus, train, bike, scooter or on foot.
One of the big reasons they give for this result is that ride-sharing vehicles are often driven with no passengers in the car. This happens when drivers are either waiting for rider requests, are on the way to pick up passengers or are driving in between pickups.
This situation, known as "deadheading," takes up about 42 percent of all ride-sharing driving activity, the study found. The researchers said that deadheading results in about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than one person driving in a private vehicle.
Both Uber and Lyft do offer a choice of a "pooled" ride, which involves drivers picking up additional riders during the same trip.
The study urges services like Uber and Lyft to work to increase the amount of pooled rides. It also urges the two companies to increase the number of electric vehicles on the road and to improve connections to public transportation centers.
Both Uber and Lyft have said in the past that most studies on the subject overstate the effects of their services on pollution. They have noted that the majority of vehicles on the road belong to private individuals or companies.

重点解析

1.center on 聚焦,关注

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He did fine work-the discussion these days is centered on the second or third decimal place of that number.
他工作做得很细致,这些天争论集中在小数点后的第二位或者第三位上#-5jN[dF(0

2.result in 造成,导致,结果是

Next, we need to understand the circumstances that resulted in these notifications.
接下来,我们需要了解导致产生这些通知的情形ryu_C9gkS5YV

参考译文

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一项新研究表明,拼车服务比私人交通工具和公共交通工具更具污染性H*xjLdku9pOVf@
此外,拼车会让乘客摒弃更环保的出行方式,比如公共交通、走路、骑自行车,这是该研究的发现成果5]Cvq&o@-E4N
近年来,几项研究表明,优步、来福车等拼车服务会恶化一些城市的交通问题,而这些城市依然有很高的私人交通工具占有率!p;pcvIXJ#9R0Wsp
这项新研究是非营利组织忧思科学家联盟发起的,该研究着力于找到拼车服务对污染的影响方式Jtw3ZW(4F#IIx8q。该研究审视了美国7个大城市拼车服务的影响6Q)BfM1.VR9x1x_K!
总体来说,这些研究人员发现,拼车造成的气候污染平均比其他出行方式高69%MG2BKGk95Sgvu。该研究发现,选择拼车的乘客本来也可以选择乘坐公交车、火车、自行车、滑板车或者步行3kXh&YgIwp|x
研究人员给出这个结果的一个重要原因是用于拼车的车辆通常里面都没有乘客(;EdK2e2LUmUZ-[bp。这种情况之所以会发生都是因为司机在等待接单,或者是在去乘客的路上,或者是在两单之间奔波dJ[vwOL-2][
该研究发现,这样的情况占所有拼车活动的近42%OZw9+|a8,V@lwI。研究人员表示,这样的情况产生的二氧化碳比使用私人交通工具产生的二氧化碳高50%mUFA*6qiB=%w
优步和来福车确实都提供了一个“合并”拼车的选项,包括司机可以在路上接其他乘客Vnvq3!z=YJ4Wl&;Rud+5
该研究敦促优步、来福车等服务提高合并拼车的数量,还敦促这2家公司提高路上电动汽车的数量并提升公共交通中心的连接性u_YUbgQ|MNS),,_~x
优步和来福车都表示过去大多数关于该主题的研究都夸大了他们对污染的影响E|_hhYf(0t@e3c8!*i;。这2家公司还表示,路上的大多数车辆都属于私人交通或者属于公司eK8&A7^t*ihrfaJ

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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