VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2060年美国25%人口将逾65岁
日期:2020-03-03 10:32

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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By 2060, One Fourth of US Population will be Over Age 65
The population of the United States will get older, even if the nation has high levels of immigration, suggest two reports from the U.S. Census Bureau.
One of the reports predicts that by the year 2060, around one fourth of the U.S. population will be over the age of 65. That same year, life expectancy could reach an all-time high of 85 years, the report notes.
The other study suggests that even by 2030, around 20 percent of the population will be 65 years of age or older.
Census Bureau researchers expect the growth in life expectancy over the next 40 years to be slower than it has been over the past 40 years.
Between 1970 and 2015, life expectancy rose by almost 8 years. But researchers predict it will rise only about 6 years between 2017 and 2060.
One report notes that "preventable health risks — such as smoking, obesity, and, more recently, opioid-related overdoses" could play a role in slowed gains in life expectancy.
The United States could grow from about 332 million people today to around 404 million people by 2060. By 2028, the percentage of foreign-born people will be 14.9%, the Census Bureau predicts. That would be the highest percentage of foreign-born people since 1850.
U.S. immigration policy will play an important role in population growth, notes the Census Bureau.
With high levels of immigration, defined as an increase of 50% over a 10-year period, the population could grow to 447 million people by 2060.
But with no immigration, the country could lose population after 2035.
Immigration will also determine the nation's diversity by 2060, said William Frey of The Brookings Institution research group.
By 2045, white people will represent less than half of the population under current projections, he said.
"If immigration was stopped, then we will stay majority white until 2060 but barely at 51.1 percent," Frey said in an email. "But the story is different for the young under age 30 population."
Under current projections, that age group will become "minority white" in 2024. Without immigration, whites under age 30 will be in the minority by 2032, Frey said.
Starting in 2030, international migration will be the biggest cause of population growth in the country.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.population growth 人口增长

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Population growth is decreasing by 1.4% each year.
人口增长率正在以每年1.4%的速度下降1cXg_maB9LEl,e

2.international migration 国际移民

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Last year, for example, net international migration to London reached 126000.
以去年为例,伦敦国际移民数量净增加了12.6万maA&JG#zTj[!+mPom@3

3.health risks 健康风险

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We need to increase public awareness of the health risks.
我们需要提高大众的健康风险意识UoOcwfQRd^HA=;n

4.life expectancy 预期寿命

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Average life expectancy went down from about 70 to 67.
平均预期寿命从70岁左右降到了67岁E8+er%|l8LJttL*

5.Such as smoking, obesity, and, more recently, opioid-related overdoses" could play a role in slowed gains in life expectancy.

play a role in 在...中起作用;扮演角色

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He was invited to play a role in this TV play.
他被邀请在这个电视剧里扮演一个角色[BgmR*-^TB
They believe many of these genes also play a role in body weight regulation or fat metabolism.
他们相信这些基因在脂肪代谢和体重调节发挥作用OzJ9-R39,&5k

6.By 2045, white people will represent less than half of the population under current projections, he said.

less than half 少于一半

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In less than half an hour we finished off the two enemy companies.
不到30分钟,我们就打垮了两个连的敌人Q%n.vb5mMkIk9D6!=rwu
Within less than half an hour, the principal business had been disposed of.
不到半个小时,一些主要的事情都已解决了FoIHxHuC!o9LL9;Wcjp

参考译文

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2060年美国25%人口将逾65岁
美国人口普查局的两份报告显示,即使美国的移民水平很高,美国仍然会出现人口老龄化@JGmPnh|UM(f]w
其中一份报告预测到2060年,美国约四分之一的人口将会超过65岁o-7~Wu)n|,lTaF.Io。报告指出,同年,美国人口的预期寿命或将达到85岁的历史最高水平5Kes@b3u.hlw-Kr1
另一项研究表明,实际上到2030年,大约20%的美国人口将达到65岁以上4vhrsfM3p92(w
美国人口普查局的研究人员预计,未来40年的预期寿命增速将低于过去40年_;ZkZ]na]Evny|Pz
在1970年到2015年期间,预期寿命增长了将近8岁S^F.dUMg1Uh(8。但是研究人员预测在2017年到2060年之间,预期寿命只会增长6岁左右!5H3#zp+q%pOjmjTK]

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2060年美国25%人口将逾65岁.jpg
一份报告指出,“吸烟、肥胖以及最近的阿片类相关药物过量等可预防的健康风险”可能会延缓预期寿命的增长6]S~D(~e6Pl(wpw
到2026年,美国人口将从现在的3.32亿增长到4.04亿0^Y4cIt~!Q1Ag_。美国人口普查局预测,到2028年,外国出生人口的比例将达到14.9%m#N3nC#BIyXw^4@kcO,g。这将是1850年以来外国出生人口所占的最高比例GKGogHZwzUTioWG!F,
美国人口普查局指出,美国移民政策将在人口增长中发挥重要作用-VWZYE1]0,9)F
随着10年内50%增长的高移民率,到2060年,美国人口将会增长到4.47亿w#(+Jltk=MJR9qc7P
但是如果没有移民,美国可能会在2035年后人口开始减少@r*G&*y|^G
布鲁金斯学会研究小组的威廉·弗雷(William Frey)表示,到2060年,移民还将决定美国的多样性rfib5cUqF=l8E_f%6mA
他说,根据目前的预测,到2045年,白人将只占总人口的一半以下5!1LO(.KTGw
弗雷在邮件中表示:“如果停止移民,那么到2060年, 我们将能保持白人占多数,但也只占51.1%,但是对于30岁以下的年轻人来说,情况就不同了VOcZ!*6m@q。”
根据目前的预测,到2024年,这个年龄段中的白人将会成为少数族群mjK8p&HC]pCC-q。如果没有移民,到2032年,30岁以下的白人将会成为少数族群E1,]3UGezn2FK%&
从2030年开始,国际移民将会成为美国人口增长的主要原因77EevrV*i1qV-QdzRcqT
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报*(ma[!UUOP!Ua=6BQ_U

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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