US Companies Bought Fewer Robots in 2019
American companies put fewer robots in place during 2019 than they did the year before, Reuters news agency reports. That is the first decrease in shipped robots since 2015.
Robot shipments last year fell to 23,758. That is a more than 16 percent drop from the year before. That information comes from the Association for Advancing Automation, an industry group based in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Robot shipments also fell in Mexico last year, decreasing 25 percent to 3,263. Shipments in Canada were about the same, with just over 3,000 robots shipped.
A major goal of President Donald Trump's administration has been to get manufacturers to bring jobs back to the United States. New robotics permit U.S. companies to compete with low-cost labor in China and other countries. Some experts, however, believe there is a slowdown in manufacturing.
Alexander Shikany is vice president of the Association for Advancing Automation. He said a slowdown is not likely to last a long time. He noted that orders for new robots in North America increased last year by 1.6 percent to 29,988 units.
The largest driver of that growth was a more than 50 percent increase in orders from carmakers. Shikany said the car industry is making robots part of their investment for the future.
U.S. carmaker General Motors recently announced that it was investing $2.2 billion to build electric trucks and self-driving electric vehicles at its factory near Detroit, Michigan.
Hytrol Conveyor Company, Incorporated is a private company in Jonesboro, Arkansas. It makes conveyor belts and sold over $200 million of products last year. The company did not cut back on new robots in 2019. It spent $1.9 million last year to automate its assembly line.
David Peacock is the company's president. He said the company realized three years ago that it would have trouble meeting demand without more robots.
However, the investments have not cut jobs. The number of workers at Hytrol Conveyor's factory has increased 18 percent over the past three years to 1,300. And the company has seen a nearly 25 percent increase in profits.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.electric vehicles 电动汽车
That would make China the biggest market for electric vehicles, by volume, in the world.
2.cut back 削减
He says they used to eat out once a week, but have had to cut back.
3.car industry 汽车行业
GM’s plight is only the most dramatic expression of the bleak state of the global car industry.
4.national economy 国家经济
Agriculture occupies an important place in the national economy.
5.He said a slowdown is not likely to last a long time.
last a long time 持续很长时间
Many families create friendships with the students which last a long time.
We get very strong wind storms in the spring that last a long time.
6.American companies put fewer robots in place during 2019 than they did the year before
put in place 到位；实施
They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
据路透社报道，美国公司2019年期间安装的工业机器人数量较上一年度有所减少 。这是2015年以来工业机器人出货量的首次下降 。
去年，工业机器人出货量下降至23758台 。比上一年度减少了16%以上 。该信息来自总部位于密歇根州安阿伯市的美国推动自动化协会 。
墨西哥去年的工业机器人出货量也下降了25%到3263台 。加拿大的工业机器人出货量大致还保持在3000台，没有变化 。
特朗普政府的一个重要目标是让制造商将就业岗位带回美国 。新的工业机器人使得美国公司可以与中国等国的廉价劳动力相竞争 。但是，一些专家认为制造业正在放缓 。
亚力山大·西卡尼是美国推动自动化协会的副主席 。他说，经济放缓可能不会持续很长时间 。他指出，去年北美地区的新工业机器人订单增长了1.6%，达到29988台 。
这一增长的最大驱动力是汽车制造商的订单增长了50%以上 。西卡尼表示，汽车行业正在将工业机器人作为未来投资的一部分 。
海特罗输送机公司是阿肯色州琼斯伯勒市的私营公司 。该公司生产传送带，去年产品销售额超过2亿美元 。该公司在2019年没有缩减对新工业机器人的投资 。该公司去年投资了190万美元实现了装配线的自动化 。
大卫·皮科克是该公司总裁 。他说，该公司3年前意识到，如果没有更多工业机器人，该公司将难以满足市场需求 。
然而，对工业机器人的投资并未削减就业岗位 。海特罗输送机工厂的员工数量在过去三年中增长了18%，达到了1300人 。该公司的利润增长了近25% 。