Maryland State House Reveals Statues of Anti-Slavery Activists
Statues of historical figures have been the subject of much debate in the United States in recent years. The debate has centered mainly on statues of individuals linked with the Confederacy, the losing side of America's Civil War in the 1860s. Among other things, the Confederacy fought for the right to continue enslaving people with African origins.
Now, the state of Maryland has revealed statues of two famous anti-slavery activists, or abolitionists. They are Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. Lawmakers presented the statues to the public during a ceremony Monday night in the Maryland State House.
The life-sized statues were dedicated during a special joint session of the Maryland General Assembly in the Old House Chamber. That is the room where lawmakers agreed to end – or abolish – slavery in the state in 1864.
House Speaker Adrienne Jones is the state's first black and first female House speaker. In a prepared speech, she spoke of the importance of Tubman and Douglass and their fight against oppression.
"The statues are a reminder that our laws aren't always right or just. But there's always room for improvement," Jones said.
Tubman and Douglass
The statues, dedicated during Black History Month, were made to show Tubman and Douglass as they would have appeared in age and dress in 1864.
Both Tubman and Douglass were born on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Tubman escaped from slavery to become a leading abolitionist. She helped slaves escape using an organized group of anti-slavery activists called the Underground Railroad.
Douglass also escaped slavery. He went on to become a writer, speaker, abolitionist and supporter of women's rights. He wrote and published the story of his life in 1845. It was a bestseller that helped fuel the abolitionist movement.
The statues are not the only recent example of the state taking steps to demonstrate its rich black history.
Last month, a portrait of a black female former lawmaker took the place of one of a white governor who had been on the wall for 115 years. The painting of Verda Welcome, who was elected to the state Senate in 1962, is the first portrait of a black person on the Maryland Senate's walls.
Maryland also has removed painful reminders of its past in recent years. In 2017, the state removed a statue of Roger B. Taney, the U.S. Supreme Court justice and Maryland native. Taney wrote the 1857 Dred Scott decision that permitted slavery to continue and denied citizenship to African Americans.
I'm Pete Musto.
1.joint session 联合会议
He called for a joint session of parliament to decide how to respond to the cross border attacks in the future.
2.House speaker 众议院议长
John Boehner, the House speaker, says he will not agree to any extension that doesnot entail cuts.
3.Civil War 内战
On this occasion four years ago, all thoughts were directed to a coming Civil War.
4.fought for 为...而战
In those years he just fought for fame.
5.The statues are not the only recent example of the state taking steps to demonstrate its rich black history.
taking steps to 采取措施
We are taking steps to prevent stream and air pollution.
They are taking steps to improve their teach condition.
6.Maryland also has removed painful reminders of its past in recent years.
in recent years 近年来
India has witnessed many political changes in recent years.
This is another worry that has come to the foreground in recent years.
近年来，历史人物雕像一直是美国颇具争议的话题 。争议主要围绕于邦联有关人物的雕像，南部邦联是19世纪60年代美国内战落败的一方 。此外，南部邦联还为争取继续奴役非洲裔人士的权利而战 。
现在，马里兰州展示了两位著名的反奴隶制或废奴主义者的雕像 。他们是哈丽特·塔布曼和弗雷德里克·道格拉斯 。周一晚上，议员们在马里兰州议会大厦举行的仪式上向公众展示了这些雕像 。
这些真人大小的雕像是在马里兰州议会老议事厅的一次特别联席会议期间揭幕的 。1864年，议员们在这个房间同意废除该州的奴隶制 。
爱德华·琼斯是马里兰州首位黑人及首位女众议院议长 。她在定题演讲中谈到了塔布曼和道格拉斯的重要性以及他们反抗压迫的斗争 。
琼斯表示：“这些雕像提醒我们，法律并不总是公正或正确的 。但总是存在改进的空间 。”
塔布曼和道格拉斯都出生在马里兰州的东海岸 。塔布曼摆脱了奴役，成为了重要的废奴主义者 。她通过一家名为“地下铁路”的反奴隶主义者的组织性团体帮助奴隶逃脱 。
道格拉斯也摆脱了奴役 。他后来成为了作家、演说家、废奴主义者和妇女权利支持者 。他于1845年撰写和发布了自传 。这是一本推动废奴运动的畅销书 。
上个月，一副前黑人女议员肖像取代了一副挂在墙上长达115年的白人州长画像 。1962年当选为州参议员的威尔达·维尔康姆的画像是马里兰州参议院墙上挂的第一幅黑人画像 。
过去几年，马里兰州还摒弃了自身的一些痛苦过往 。2017年，该州拆除了美国最高法院大法官兼马里兰州本地人罗杰·B·塔尼的雕像 。塔尼写下了1857年德雷德·斯科特案的判决，该判决允许奴隶制继续存在，并拒绝授予非裔美国人国籍 。