VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):千禧一代未来十年充满希望
日期:2020-02-11 17:47

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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2020s Could Be Decade Millennials Finally Get Ahead
Young people now in their mid-20s to late-30s grew up during the Great Recession, the worst economic period in the United States since the 1930s. Many in this group called millennials, experienced a late entrance into the job market or accepted lower-paying jobs for which they were overqualified.
The Great Recession lasted from 2007 until 2009 but its effects were longer lasting. Now, observers say the 2020s might mean a better financial future for millennials after their difficult start.
Many millennials starting out faced high unemployment, student loan debt and an increased cost of living. These factors especially affected millennials who completed high school or college during the recession.
Jason Dorsey is president and lead millennial researcher at the Center for Generational Kinetics. He told VOA that since the recession, wages in the United States have largely stayed the same. He says "so many millennials started behind where they thought they would be. And it's taken them longer to recover — if they have recovered."
Experts also say U.S. millennials are the first generation to feel the full impact of many years of rising inequality in America.
A recent study found millennials are financially worse off than members of past generations at the same age. Since 1996, the net worth of people under 35 has dropped by more than 34 percent.
However, things could be more hopeful for these younger Americans. The average U.S. millennial is now over the age of 30 and ready to enter the wealth-gaining time of their life.
Dorsey says millennials have had a lot of time to learn about what it takes to succeed. He says members of the "boomer" generation, people aged 55 to 75, are going to increasingly leave the workforce. He says that is going to create chances for millennials to actually move up into more management-style jobs.
Millennials are at the age when Americans traditionally buy homes, start saving for the future and invest for their retirement. It also will help that many have paid down their student debt now that they have been out of college for a number of years.
Dorsey adds that many millennials may become "two-income households and that's also really helpful for many of them." He says, "Millennials are hitting the times when they should start really saving and investing, and earning higher incomes relative to their spending."
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.relative to 相对于;涉及

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House prices now look cheap relative to earnings.
相对收入而言房价现在看起来比较便宜HMb5qht@QkvFsXo

2.move up into 进入

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Engineers may also hold teaching positions or move up into management positions in business.
工程师还可能任教职,或者从事企业的管理工作a&9PtI|ebdJ*xyo-1A.r

3.job market 就业市场

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Soldiers returning from the war had glutted the job market.
从战场返乡的士兵挤爆了劳动力市场sanMF#=j9_u-2.oK=

4.full impact 全面影响

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We haven't yet seen the full impact on the real economy.
我们还没有看到它对实体经济的全面影响V93IGB*ABnA#-#+

5.It also will help that many have paid down their student debt now that they have been out of college for a number of years.

for a number of years 数年

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She had endured great pain for a number of years.
她已忍受了好几年极大的痛苦wz3rSak46l3u
The problem is not new and has been ongoing for a number of years.
空气污染问题已经不是什么新鲜事了,这一问题持续存在了数年,*H8[7Nr+5@hEMcnFuT

6.It also will help that many have paid down their student debt now that they have been out of college for a number of years.

paid down 支付

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He planed to keep the house for12 years and let the mortgage get paid down faster.
他计划持有这处房产12年,并尽快还清抵押贷款x1NIkQNGT,sR^[YW;r4]
The owner of the house made it a condition of the sale that one half the purchase money should be paid down.
房产卖房的条件上必须先付一半款项&9[yke+P*(3(CK

参考译文

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千禧一代未来十年充满希望
现在,二三十岁的年轻人在大萧条期间长大的,这是自上世纪30年代以来美国经济最糟糕的时期0eQ#c.A,)fU。这群人中的很多人被称为“千禧一代”,他们进入就业市场的时间较晚,或者接受了对他们来说大材小用的低薪工作HYY+K&%,8,_X&!~Vjr%
这次大萧条从2007年持续到2009年,但是其影响持续时间更长FBcSANRq#sdq7。观察人士表示,本世纪20年代可能意味着,在经历了艰难起步后,千禧一代的财务前景可能会更好kQZ5P*4HK)oqKISv_e*
许多千禧一代初出茅庐就面临着高失业率、学生贷款债务和生活成本上涨的环境*nSEOC*@@-。这些因素尤其影响到了大萧条期间高中或大学毕业的千禧一代4Kz9gmbX*13eLK&|D

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千禧一代未来十年充满希望.jpg
杰森·多尔西(Jason Dorsey)是世代动力学研究中心的总裁兼千禧世代首席研究人员#I*8gsWSfE。他告诉美国之音,自这次经济衰退以来,美国基本工资基本保持不变aeFVON]]YPZZR+q。他说“很多千禧一代刚起步低于他们的预期ZnV~8jNfA|]9。如果恢复的话,他们一定是花了很长时间才恢复常态vKmK6;fS(8x。”
专家们还表示,美国千禧一代是第一代感受到美国多年来不平等加剧的全面影响的人&cbZDtE~5l(o(4Y
最近的一项研究发现,千禧一代的财务状况较同龄的前几代更差-*|qxj[Dg7c6dJJ.WU。自1996年以来,35岁以下人群的净资产下降了超过34%f4j|9E%wt(be@,b9wu
然而对于这些美国年轻人来说,未来可能会充满了转机)L62QiLfin[|C-gz4UjA。现在美国千禧一代的平均年龄已经超过了30岁,准备进入人生中积累财富的时代8Li[Jt.=X.
多尔西表示,千禧一代花了很多时间学习制胜之道o5&=nxbFU3Cd|SM.s&z。他说,55岁-75岁的婴儿潮一代已经逐步远离劳动力市场-2P^L,%GW#s2(e。他说,这将为千禧一代创造机会,让他们进入管理类岗位cM9Rna0B7@57b[GH^HdQ
千禧一代正处于美国人传统上购房、开始为未来攒钱并为退休投资的时代bBP*l;(0c^l。由于他们已经大学毕业多年,很多人如今都还清了学生贷款,这也会有所帮助-+354Db^Hi|yYEkmR]
多尔西还说,很多千禧一代可能会成为“双收入家庭,这对他们中的许多人也会很有帮助#s.QN;FXar,(m_。”他说:“千禧一代正赶上他们应该开始储蓄和投资,并且收入会比支出更高的时代q=vC!+UYrziMV[D7T&7。”
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