WHO: Cancers Increasing But Not a 'Death Sentence'
The World Health Organization reports cancer is on the increase around the world. But it says preventive measures can save the lives of millions of cancer sufferers over the next 10 years.
The report was released in time for World Cancer Day (February 4).
Since 2010, nearly every country in the world has seen an increase in the number of cancer patients. The World Health Organization, WHO, reports one in six people will develop cancer in their lifetime. At least 10 million people will die from the disease every year.
If the current trend continues, WHO warns, new cancer cases will rise by 60 percent by the year 2040. In low- and middle-income countries, they will rise by more than 80 percent.
Andre Ilbawi is WHO's technical officer in cancer control. He says more people are dying from cancer in poorer countries because they lack the services and cancer control measures that richer countries have.
Ilbawi said that controlling the disease does not have to cost a lot. The WHO report, he explained, shows that by investing in cancer services, governments can save 7 million lives by 2030. "And that is at the cost of $2.70 per person in low-income countries and $8.15 per person in upper middle-income countries. This is feasible," Ilbawi said.
WHO says cancer does not have to be a death sentence. Prevention works.
Elisabete Weiderpass is the director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. She says there have been great improvements in research on cancer prevention and treatment. These measures are successfully keeping many people alive who otherwise would have died.
Weiderpass said that preventive policies can work in powerful ways to reduce not only cancer numbers and death rates, but also the social and economic inequality in cancer cases.
An example of such a policy, she said, is one that reduces workers' contact with cancer-causing materials. Other examples are measures to control tobacco use, vaccination against cancer-causing infectious agents and testing for early stages of cancer.
In its report, WHO describes a series of measures proven to help in preventing new cancer cases. For example, it notes that tobacco-related diseases are responsible for 25 percent of cancer deaths. Deciding not to smoke, it says, can save billions of dollars and millions of lives.
WHO adds that a vaccine against hepatitis B can prevent liver cancer. It notes another vaccine against HPV, the most common sexually transmitted infection, can nearly eliminate cervical cancer.
I'm Anne Ball.
1.early stages 初级阶段
Those afflicted with the disease are often unaware of it in the early stages.
2.liver cancer 肝癌
Liver cancer is linked to the hepatitis B virus
3.contact with 与...接触
Doctors I came into contact with voiced their concern
4.death sentence 死刑
His death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment
5.In its report, WHO describes a series of measures proven to help in preventing new cancer cases.
a series of 一系列
The students have put forward a series of questions.
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
6.The report was released in time for World Cancer Day (February 4).
in time 及时
I hope you'll remit me the money in time.
Luckily I dodged in time, or I'd have been knocked down by the bike.
世卫组织报告称，全球范围内的癌症患者正在增长 。但是它说，预防措施可以在未来10年内挽救数百万癌症患者的性命 。
自2010年以来，全球几乎每个国家的癌症患者数量都在增加 。世卫组织报告称，全球六分之一的人一生会患上癌症 。每年至少有1000万人死于癌症 。
世卫组织警告称，如果目前的趋势继续下去，到2040年，癌症新发病例将增加60% 。在中低收入国家，这一数字将会增加80%以上 。
安德烈·伊尔巴维是世卫组织负责癌症控制的技术官员 。他表示，在贫穷的国家中，越来越多的人死于癌症，因为他们缺乏富裕国家所提供的服务和癌症控制措施 。
伊尔巴维表示，控制这种疾病无需花费太大 。他解释说，世卫组织的报告表明，通过投资癌症服务，政府在2030年前可以挽救700万人的性命 。伊尔巴维说：“所需要的投入是低收入国家每人2.7美元和中高收入国家每人8.15美元 。这是可行的 。”
世卫组织表示，癌症并非绝症 。预防措施有效 。
魏丽莎是国际癌症研究署的主任 。她说，癌症预防和治方面的研究取得了很大进展 。这些措施成功挽救了很多原本会死亡的患者的生命 。
她表示，这类政策的实例之一是减少工人与致癌材料的接触 。其它措施包括控制烟草使用、针对致癌传染因子的疫苗接种以及癌症早期阶段的检测 。
世卫组织在其报告中介绍了一系列有助于预防癌症新病例的有效措施 。例如，报告指出烟草相关疾病占死亡人数的25% 。它说，戒烟可以节省数十亿美元，并挽救数百万人的性命 。
世卫组织还说，乙肝疫苗可以预防肝癌 。而针对人乳突瘤病毒这种常见性传播疾病的疫苗几乎可以消除宫颈癌 。